Abstract

The broadband generated by the inclusion of dispersion shifted fiber, highly nonlinear fiber, and their combinations in the cavity of a filterless erbium-doped fiber ring laser is experimentally studied in this work. The gain spectrum of erbium-doped fiber and the nonlinear effects due to low-dispersion specialty fibers govern the spectral broadening. The experimental results are compared and analyzed with the aid of the dependence of the spectrum on the input pump power provided to the gain medium.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Generalised dispersive phase and its effect on four wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 206–214 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength spacing tunable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. C. Sodre, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. H. Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, and J. C. Knight, “Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products,” Opt. Express 16, 2816 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Venkitesh and R. Vijaya, “Spectral characteristics of continuous wave broadband from a fiber laser with a low dispersion fiber in the cavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. H. Lee, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Continuous-wave supercontinuum laser based on erbium-doped fiber ring cavity incorporating highly-nonlinear optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2599 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Linewidth characteristics of a filterless tunable erbium doped fiber ring laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 083107 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010

A. Ghosh, D. Venkitesh, and R. Vijaya, “Stability studies on continuous-wave broadband generated in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. C. Sodre, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. H. Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, and J. C. Knight, “Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products,” Opt. Express 16, 2816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Venkitesh and R. Vijaya, “Spectral characteristics of continuous wave broadband from a fiber laser with a low dispersion fiber in the cavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Generalised dispersive phase and its effect on four wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 206–214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Linewidth characteristics of a filterless tunable erbium doped fiber ring laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 083107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2003

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, “Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1205–1210 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boggio, J. M. C.

Braun, R. P.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, “Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1205–1210 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deepa, R.

R. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Generalised dispersive phase and its effect on four wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 206–214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deepa, V.

V. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Linewidth characteristics of a filterless tunable erbium doped fiber ring laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 083107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Figueroa, H. E. H.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fragnito, H. L.

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

Ghosh, A.

A. Ghosh, D. Venkitesh, and R. Vijaya, “Stability studies on continuous-wave broadband generated in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, Y.-G.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, K.

Knight, J. C.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, S. B.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lou, C.

Pan, S.

Piche, M.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rieznik, A. A.

Roy, V.

Schinn, G. W.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, “Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1205–1210 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sodre, A. C.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanson, E.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takushima, Y.

Tran, T. V. A.

Venkitesh, D.

A. Ghosh, D. Venkitesh, and R. Vijaya, “Stability studies on continuous-wave broadband generated in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Venkitesh and R. Vijaya, “Spectral characteristics of continuous wave broadband from a fiber laser with a low dispersion fiber in the cavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vijaya, R.

A. Ghosh, D. Venkitesh, and R. Vijaya, “Stability studies on continuous-wave broadband generated in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Venkitesh and R. Vijaya, “Spectral characteristics of continuous wave broadband from a fiber laser with a low dispersion fiber in the cavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Generalised dispersive phase and its effect on four wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 206–214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Linewidth characteristics of a filterless tunable erbium doped fiber ring laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 083107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Waarts, R. G.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, “Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1205–1210 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, and R. G. Waarts, “Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1205–1210 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

A. Ghosh, D. Venkitesh, and R. Vijaya, “Stability studies on continuous-wave broadband generated in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 2, 703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

V. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Linewidth characteristics of a filterless tunable erbium doped fiber ring laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 083107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Venkitesh and R. Vijaya, “Spectral characteristics of continuous wave broadband from a fiber laser with a low dispersion fiber in the cavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 053104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

R. Deepa and R. Vijaya, “Generalised dispersive phase and its effect on four wave mixing in fibers,” Opt. Commun. 269, 206–214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Prog. Quantum Electron.

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 211 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of EDF ring laser for broadband generation: A and B indicate the possible positions for including other optical components in the cavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral characteristics of the output of the fiber laser compared for no specialty fiber, DSF ( 1 km ), HNLF ( 1 km ), DSF ( 1 km ) + HNLF ( 1 km ) at lower and higher pump powers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral characteristics of the output of the fiber laser including DSF ( 1 km ) + HNLF ( 1 km ) , compared for different pump powers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral characteristics of the output of the fiber laser including HNLF ( 1 km ), compared for different pump powers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multichannel output carved out of the broadband spectrum using a C-band multiplexer.

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