Abstract

Fiber-optic gyroscopes (FOGs) represent an important development in the field of inertial sensors and are now considered an alternative technology to mechanical and ring laser gyroscopes for inertial navigation and control applications. The past 30 years of research and development around the world have established the FOG as a critical sensor for high-accuracy inertial navigation systems. In this paper, specifications, system configurations, and error and sensitivity analysis for different types of FOGs, including critical technology, are presented. This paper addresses the design and production of a different FOG that fulfills requirements such as small size, low production cost, low power consumption, and a broad spectrum of applications.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “An overview of fiber optic gyroscope,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91–107 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Culshaw and I. P. Giles, “Fiber optic gyroscopes,” J. Phys. E 16, 5–15 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Hotate, “Future evolution of fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 33–44 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. C. Lefevre, “Fundamentals of the interferometric fiber optic gyroscope,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 2–17 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Nayak, P. Banerjee, and A. Selvarajan, “Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis,” Proc. SPIE 3211, 1011–1017 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. L. Sabat, N. Giribabu, J. Nayak, and G. K. Prasad, “Characterization of fiber optics gyro and noise compensation using discrete wavelet transform,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology, ICETET’09 (2009), pp. 909–913.
  9. M. Mapre, J. Nayak, and P. Kumar, “Packaging issue and its effect on the performance of broadband fiber source,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.
  10. J. Nayak, Ch. V. V. Satyanarayana, and P. Kumar, “Environmental effects on polarization maintaining fiber sensor coil for fiber optic gyro: test and performance analysis,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.
  11. A. Selvarajan, J. Nayak, T. Srinivas, and P. Banerjee, “Integrated optics for fiber optics gyroscope,” in Proceedings of the National Conference on Miniaturization in Aerospace Systems, MAERO ’98 (Research Centre Imarat, 1998), pp. CIII.1–CIII.12.

1996 (5)

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Hotate, “Future evolution of fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 33–44 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Lefevre, “Fundamentals of the interferometric fiber optic gyroscope,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 2–17 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Nayak, P. Banerjee, and A. Selvarajan, “Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis,” Proc. SPIE 3211, 1011–1017 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “An overview of fiber optic gyroscope,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. Culshaw and I. P. Giles, “Fiber optic gyroscopes,” J. Phys. E 16, 5–15 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, P.

J. Nayak, P. Banerjee, and A. Selvarajan, “Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis,” Proc. SPIE 3211, 1011–1017 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Selvarajan, J. Nayak, T. Srinivas, and P. Banerjee, “Integrated optics for fiber optics gyroscope,” in Proceedings of the National Conference on Miniaturization in Aerospace Systems, MAERO ’98 (Research Centre Imarat, 1998), pp. CIII.1–CIII.12.

Bergh, R. A.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “An overview of fiber optic gyroscope,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

B. Culshaw and I. P. Giles, “Fiber optic gyroscopes,” J. Phys. E 16, 5–15 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dohsho, T.

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Giles, I. P.

B. Culshaw and I. P. Giles, “Fiber optic gyroscopes,” J. Phys. E 16, 5–15 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Giribabu, N.

S. L. Sabat, N. Giribabu, J. Nayak, and G. K. Prasad, “Characterization of fiber optics gyro and noise compensation using discrete wavelet transform,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology, ICETET’09 (2009), pp. 909–913.

Hotate, K.

K. Hotate, “Future evolution of fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 33–44 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kajioka, H.

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kumagai, T.

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

J. Nayak, Ch. V. V. Satyanarayana, and P. Kumar, “Environmental effects on polarization maintaining fiber sensor coil for fiber optic gyro: test and performance analysis,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

M. Mapre, J. Nayak, and P. Kumar, “Packaging issue and its effect on the performance of broadband fiber source,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

Laskoskie, C.

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre, H. C.

H. C. Lefevre, “Fundamentals of the interferometric fiber optic gyroscope,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 2–17 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “An overview of fiber optic gyroscope,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. Y.

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mapre, M.

M. Mapre, J. Nayak, and P. Kumar, “Packaging issue and its effect on the performance of broadband fiber source,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

Nakai, H.

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nayak, J.

J. Nayak, P. Banerjee, and A. Selvarajan, “Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis,” Proc. SPIE 3211, 1011–1017 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Selvarajan, J. Nayak, T. Srinivas, and P. Banerjee, “Integrated optics for fiber optics gyroscope,” in Proceedings of the National Conference on Miniaturization in Aerospace Systems, MAERO ’98 (Research Centre Imarat, 1998), pp. CIII.1–CIII.12.

M. Mapre, J. Nayak, and P. Kumar, “Packaging issue and its effect on the performance of broadband fiber source,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

S. L. Sabat, N. Giribabu, J. Nayak, and G. K. Prasad, “Characterization of fiber optics gyro and noise compensation using discrete wavelet transform,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology, ICETET’09 (2009), pp. 909–913.

J. Nayak, Ch. V. V. Satyanarayana, and P. Kumar, “Environmental effects on polarization maintaining fiber sensor coil for fiber optic gyro: test and performance analysis,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

Prasad, G. K.

S. L. Sabat, N. Giribabu, J. Nayak, and G. K. Prasad, “Characterization of fiber optics gyro and noise compensation using discrete wavelet transform,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology, ICETET’09 (2009), pp. 909–913.

Sabat, S. L.

S. L. Sabat, N. Giribabu, J. Nayak, and G. K. Prasad, “Characterization of fiber optics gyro and noise compensation using discrete wavelet transform,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology, ICETET’09 (2009), pp. 909–913.

Sanders, G. A.

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Satyanarayana, Ch. V. V.

J. Nayak, Ch. V. V. Satyanarayana, and P. Kumar, “Environmental effects on polarization maintaining fiber sensor coil for fiber optic gyro: test and performance analysis,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

Selvarajan, A.

J. Nayak, P. Banerjee, and A. Selvarajan, “Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis,” Proc. SPIE 3211, 1011–1017 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Selvarajan, J. Nayak, T. Srinivas, and P. Banerjee, “Integrated optics for fiber optics gyroscope,” in Proceedings of the National Conference on Miniaturization in Aerospace Systems, MAERO ’98 (Research Centre Imarat, 1998), pp. CIII.1–CIII.12.

Shaw, H. J.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “An overview of fiber optic gyroscope,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Soekawa, H.

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Srinivas, T.

A. Selvarajan, J. Nayak, T. Srinivas, and P. Banerjee, “Integrated optics for fiber optics gyroscope,” in Proceedings of the National Conference on Miniaturization in Aerospace Systems, MAERO ’98 (Research Centre Imarat, 1998), pp. CIII.1–CIII.12.

Stardjord, L.

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Szafraniec, B.

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yuhara, T.

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, “An overview of fiber optic gyroscope,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E (1)

B. Culshaw and I. P. Giles, “Fiber optic gyroscopes,” J. Phys. E 16, 5–15 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (5)

H. Kajioka, T. Kumagai, H. Nakai, T. Dohsho, H. Soekawa, and T. Yuhara, “Commercial applications of mass-produced fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 18–32 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Sanders, B. Szafraniec, R. Y. Liu, C. Laskoskie, and L. Stardjord, “Fiber optic gyros for space, marine, aviation applications,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 61–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Hotate, “Future evolution of fiber optic gyros,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 33–44 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Lefevre, “Fundamentals of the interferometric fiber optic gyroscope,” Proc. SPIE 2837, 2–17 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Nayak, P. Banerjee, and A. Selvarajan, “Noise sources in fiber optic rotation sensors: system analysis,” Proc. SPIE 3211, 1011–1017 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S. L. Sabat, N. Giribabu, J. Nayak, and G. K. Prasad, “Characterization of fiber optics gyro and noise compensation using discrete wavelet transform,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering & Technology, ICETET’09 (2009), pp. 909–913.

M. Mapre, J. Nayak, and P. Kumar, “Packaging issue and its effect on the performance of broadband fiber source,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

J. Nayak, Ch. V. V. Satyanarayana, and P. Kumar, “Environmental effects on polarization maintaining fiber sensor coil for fiber optic gyro: test and performance analysis,” presented at Photonics 2006, International Conference on Optoelectronics, Fiber Optics and Photonics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, 13–16 December 2006.

A. Selvarajan, J. Nayak, T. Srinivas, and P. Banerjee, “Integrated optics for fiber optics gyroscope,” in Proceedings of the National Conference on Miniaturization in Aerospace Systems, MAERO ’98 (Research Centre Imarat, 1998), pp. CIII.1–CIII.12.

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