Abstract

Historically, the rate at which laser-induced damage sites grow on the exit surface of SiO2 optics under subsequent illumination with nanosecond-laser pulses of any wavelength was believed to depend solely on laser fluence. We demonstrate here that much of the scatter in previous growth observations was due to additional parameters that were not previously known to affect growth rate, namely the temporal pulse shape and the size of a site. Furthermore, the remaining variability observed in the rate at which sites grow is well described in terms of Weibull statistics. The effects of site size and laser fluence may both be expressed orthogonally in terms of Weibull coefficients. In addition, we employ a clustering algorithm to explore the multiparameter growth space and expose average growth trends. Conversely, this analysis approach also identifies sites likely to exhibit growth rates outside the norm. The ability to identify which sites are likely to grow abnormally fast in advance of the manifestation of such behavior will significantly enhance the accuracy of predictive models over those based on average growth behaviors.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

2009 (4)

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, P. Legros, and J. L. Rullier, “Initiation of laser-induced damage sites in fused silica optical components,” Opt. Express 17, 11469–11479 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 113519(2005).
[CrossRef]

I. H. Witten and E. Frank, Data Mining: Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2005).

2004 (6)

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. D. Kalbfkisch and R. L. Prentice, The Statistical Analysis of Failure Time Data (Wiley-Interscience, 1980).

1961 (1)

W. Weibull, Fatigue Testing and Analysis of Results(Pergamon, 1961).

1958 (1)

E. L. Kaplan and P. Meier, “Non-parametric estimation from incomplete observations,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 53, 457–481(1958).
[CrossRef]

Adams, J. J.

R. N. Raman, M. J. Matthews, J. J. Adams, and S. G. Demos, “Monitoring annealing via CO2 laser heating of defect populations on fused silica surfaces using photoluminescence microscopy,” Opt. Express 18, 15207–15215 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Berkhin, P.

P. Berkhin, “Survey of clustering data mining techniques,” Tech. Rep. (Accrue Software, San Jose, California, 2002).

Bernacil, M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

Bonneau, F.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borden, M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

Bordenave, E.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boscheron, A.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boscheron, A. C. L.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bruere, J. R.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bude, J. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burke, M. W.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, A. V.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, J.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chinsio, R.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Combis, P.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Commandré, M.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Conder, A.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cormont, P.

Cottancin, E.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Courchinoux, R.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cross, D.

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cross, D. A.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DeMange, P.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demos, S. G.

R. N. Raman, M. J. Matthews, J. J. Adams, and S. G. Demos, “Monitoring annealing via CO2 laser heating of defect populations on fused silica surfaces using photoluminescence microscopy,” Opt. Express 18, 15207–15215 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Dynamics of material modifications following laser-breakdown in bulk fused silica,” Opt. Express 18, 10642–10649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3628–3633 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, “Application of fluorescence microscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1977–1983 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di-Nicola, J. M.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donohue, E. E.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Donval, T.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

During, A.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Dynamics of material modifications following laser-breakdown in bulk fused silica,” Opt. Express 18, 10642–10649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, T.

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferriera, J. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frank, E.

I. H. Witten and E. Frank, Data Mining: Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2005).

Garrec, B. L.

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Genin, F. Y.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grua, P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R. P.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Halpin, J. M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haupt, D. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haynam, C.

J. Heebner, P. Wegner, and C. Haynam, “Programmable beam spatial shaping for the National Ignition Facility,” SPIE Newsroom (21 July 2010), doi:10.1117/2.1201007.003139, http://spie.org/x41261.xml?ArticleID=x41261.
[CrossRef]

Hebert, D.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J.

J. Heebner, P. Wegner, and C. Haynam, “Programmable beam spatial shaping for the National Ignition Facility,” SPIE Newsroom (21 July 2010), doi:10.1117/2.1201007.003139, http://spie.org/x41261.xml?ArticleID=x41261.
[CrossRef]

Hollingsworth, W. G.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Honig, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hrubesh, L. W.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheon, I. D.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jarboe, J. A.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jing, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Josse, M.

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Josse, M. A.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Journot, E.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kalbfkisch, J. D.

J. D. Kalbfkisch and R. L. Prentice, The Statistical Analysis of Failure Time Data (Wiley-Interscience, 1980).

Kaplan, E. L.

E. L. Kaplan and P. Meier, “Non-parametric estimation from incomplete observations,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 53, 457–481(1958).
[CrossRef]

Kegelmeyer, L.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kinney, J. H.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, M. R.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3628–3633 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kucheyev, S. O.

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignere, L.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laurence, T. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Legros, P.

Lepage, C.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, F. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z. M.

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lindsey, E. F.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, M.

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, P.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luthi, R. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maricle, S. M.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. J.

R. N. Raman, M. J. Matthews, J. J. Adams, and S. G. Demos, “Monitoring annealing via CO2 laser heating of defect populations on fused silica surfaces using photoluminescence microscopy,” Opt. Express 18, 15207–15215 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McElroy, J. N.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meier, P.

E. L. Kaplan and P. Meier, “Non-parametric estimation from incomplete observations,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 53, 457–481(1958).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miller, P. E.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mills, S.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W. A.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monticelli, M. V.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morchain, J. M.

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morreeuw, J. P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mouser, R. P.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Natoli, J. Y.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neauport, J.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neeb, K. P.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Dynamics of material modifications following laser-breakdown in bulk fused silica,” Opt. Express 18, 10642–10649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nostrand, M. C.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palmier, S.

Pellarin, M.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pellin, M. J.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, J.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

Poncetta, J. C.

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, R. R.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prentice, R. L.

J. D. Kalbfkisch and R. L. Prentice, The Statistical Analysis of Failure Time Data (Wiley-Interscience, 1980).

Radousky, H. B.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raman, R. N.

Raze, G.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reyne, S.

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rullier, J. L.

B. Bertussi, P. Cormont, S. Palmier, P. Legros, and J. L. Rullier, “Initiation of laser-induced damage sites in fused silica optical components,” Opt. Express 17, 11469–11479 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salleo, A.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Savina, M. R.

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sell, W. D.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, N.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M. L.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

Stanley, J. A.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steele, W. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stevens-Kalceff, M. A.

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 113519(2005).
[CrossRef]

Sudre, C.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suratwala, T.

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suratwala, T. I.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vickers, J. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Volto, P.

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P.

J. Heebner, P. Wegner, and C. Haynam, “Programmable beam spatial shaping for the National Ignition Facility,” SPIE Newsroom (21 July 2010), doi:10.1117/2.1201007.003139, http://spie.org/x41261.xml?ArticleID=x41261.
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weibull, W.

W. Weibull, Fatigue Testing and Analysis of Results(Pergamon, 1961).

Weiland, T. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Whitman, P.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Witten, I. H.

I. H. Witten and E. Frank, Data Mining: Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2005).

Wong, J.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 113519(2005).
[CrossRef]

Wong, L. L.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, Y.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W. G.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Laurence, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. E. Miller, W. A. Steele, and T. Suratwala, “Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonneau, P. Combis, J. L. Rullier, M. Commandré, A. During, J. Y. Natoli, M. J. Pellin, M. R. Savina, E. Cottancin, and M. Pellarin, “Observation by photothermal microscopy of increased silica absorption in laser damage induced by gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3855–3857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Stat. Assoc. (1)

E. L. Kaplan and P. Meier, “Non-parametric estimation from incomplete observations,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 53, 457–481(1958).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 113519(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (23)

R. A. Negres, M. D. Feit, P. DeMange, J. D. Bude, and S. G. Demos, “Pump and probe damage testing for investigation of transient material modifications associated with laser damage in optical materials,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672019(2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750412 (2009).
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R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
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Other (5)

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Binary representation of growth (red circles) versus no-growth (black stars) single-shot measurements in the (ϕ, d) parameter space with 351 nm , 5 ns FIT pulses (semilog scale). Each data point represents the response of a damage site with diameter d to a single laser exposure with fluence ϕ. The dotted blue line indicates the estimated growth fluence threshold at 50% probability of growth versus size according to Eq. (2).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Visualization of single-shot growth rate measurements in the (ϕ, d) parameter space with 351 nm , 5 ns FIT pulses (semilog scale). The size (and color map) of each bubble is proportional to the single-shot growth rate coefficient α. For clarity of the graph, only every other data point is shown for sites with diameters up to 300 μm . The dotted blue line is given by Eq. (2).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured growth rate distributions versus size and versus fluence. For comparison, solid lines represent fits to the data (rescaled) using a two-parameter Weibull distribution function [from Eq. (4)] with the mean values indicated in the legends for each size and fluence bin.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mean B coefficient [from Eq. (3)] versus current site diameter, d for growth with 5 ns FIT pulses (red stars). Size bins are indicated in micrometers by data labels. For reference, B 0.04 (solid blue line) for growth with 10 12 ns Gaussian laser pulses of larger size sites [24, 25].

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Visualization of seven clusters (cluster ID is color coded as shown in the legend, also noted within the clusters) in (B, d) parameter space obtained using an expectation- maximization clustering algorithm with three input parameters—d, ϕ and B (semilog scale).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Clusters statistics, i.e., centers and standard deviation of input parameters indicated by the error bars, for each of the seven clusters shown in Fig. 5. B coefficient [from Eq. (3)] (a) versus laser fluence, ϕ, and (b) versus current site diameter, d. The data labels represent the cluster IDs from Fig. 5. For comparison, the average trends of B versus d based on Weibull statistics for different size bins (red star data points from Fig. 4) are also shown.

Equations (4)

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α = ln ( d N d N 1 ) ,
ϕ 50 % ( d ) = 4.5 + 8.95 / ( d 25 ) 1 / 2 ,
α = B · ( ϕ ϕ th ) ,
pdf ( x ; λ , k ) = k λ ( x λ ) k 1 exp [ ( x / λ ) k ] , for     x 0 ,

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