Abstract

Using the phytoplankton size-class model of Brewin et al. [Ecol. Model.221, 1472 (2010)], the two-population absorption model of Sathyendranath et al. [Int. J. Remote. Sens.22, 249 (2001)] and Devred et al. [J. Geophys. Res.111, C03011 (2006)] is extended to three populations of phytoplankton, namely, picophytoplankton, nanophytoplankton, and microphytoplankton. The new model infers total and size-dependent phytoplankton absorption as a function of the total chlorophyll-a concentration. A main characteristic of the model is that all the parameters that describe it have biological or optical interpretation. The three-population model performs better than the two-population model at retrieving total phytoplankton absorption. Accounting for the contributions of picophytoplankton and nanophytoplankton, rather than the combination of both as in the two-population model, improved significantly the retrieval of phytoplankton absorption at low chlorophyll-a concentrations. Class-dependent specific absorption of phytoplankton derived using the model compares well with previously published models. However, the model presented in this paper provides the specific absorption of three size classes and is applicable to a continuum of chlorophyll-a concentrations. Absorption obtained from remotely sensed chlorophyll-a using our model compares well with in situ absorption measurements.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  57. E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, “Decadal changes in ecological provinces of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean revealed by satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L19607 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, B. Gentili, and D. Stramski, “Phytoplankton class-specific primary production in the world’s oceans: seasonal and interannual variability from satellite observations,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24, GB3016 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, “Decadal changes in ecological provinces of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean revealed by satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L19607 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Werdell, “Global bio-optical algorithms for ocean color satellite applications,” EOS Trans. AGU 90, 4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

J. Uitz, Y. Huot, F. Bruyant, M. Babin, and H. Claustre, “Relating phytoplankton photophysiological properties to community structure on large scales,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 614–630 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, J. Aiken, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, and T. J. Smyth, “An absorption model to derive phytoplankton size classes from satellite ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3153–3159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Hardman-Mountford, T. Hirata, K. A. Richardson, and J. Aiken, “An objective methodology for the classification of ecological pattern into biomes and provinces for the pelagic ocean,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3341–3352(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. Marra, C. Trees, and J. O’Reilly, “Phytoplankton pigment absorption: a strong predictor of primary productivity in the surface ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 54, 155–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

A. M. Waite and P. S. Hill, “Flocculation and phytoplankton cell size can alter Th234-based estimates of the vertical flux of particulate organic carbon in the sea,” Mar. Chem. 100, 366–375 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, A. Morel, and S. B. Hooker, “Vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in open ocean: an assessment based on surface chlorophyll,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, CO8005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ciotti and A. Bricaud, “Retrievals of a size parameter for phytoplankton and spectral light absorption by colored detrital matter from water-leaving radiances at SeaWiFS channels in a continental shelf region off Brazil,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 4, 237–253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Smyth, G. F. Moore, T. Hirata, and J. Aiken, “Semianalytical model for the derivation of ocean color inherent optical properties: description, implementation, and performance assessment,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8116–8131 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean colour algorithm development and satellite data production validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 122–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplanktonic absorption in oceanic waters: influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, C11010 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, and M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–l61 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, “Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404–417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, G. Cota, H. Mass, and T. Platt, “A two-component model of phytoplankton absorption in the open ocean: theory and applications,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 249–273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidussi, H. Claustre, B. B. Manca, A. Luchetta, and J. C. Marty, “Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to upper thermocline circulation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 19939–19956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. V. Finkel, “Light absorption and size scaling of light-limited metabolism in marine diatoms,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 46, 86–94 (2001).

2000 (1)

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, T. Platt, H. Mass, and B. Irwin, “Pigments and species composition of natural phytoplankton populations: effects on the absorption spectra,” J. Plankton Res. 20, 187–217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Roesler, “Theoretical and experimental approaches to improve the accuracy of particulate absorption coefficients derived from the quantitative filter technique,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43, 1649–1660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. W. Jeffrey and R. F. C. Mantoura, “Development of pigment methods for oceanography: SCOR-supported working groups and objectives,” in Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography: Guidelines to Modern Methods, S.W.Jeffrey, R.F. C.Mantoura, and S.W.Wright, eds. (UNESCO Publishing, 1997), pp 38–84.

1996 (2)

V. A. Lutz, S. Sathyendranath, and E. J. H. Head, “Absorption coefficient of phytoplankton: regional variations in the North Atlantic,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 135, 197–213 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, and A. Bricaud, “Nitrogen- and irradiance- dependant variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic marine systems,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 43, 1241–1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cleveland, “Regional models for phytoplankton absorption as a function of chlorophyll a concentration,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13333–13344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Moore, R. Goericke, and S. W. Chisholm, “Comparative physiology of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus: influence of light and temperature on growth, pigments, fluorescence and absorptive properties,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 116, 259–275(1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

A. Morel, Y. H. Ahn, F. Partensky, D. Vaulot, and H. Claustre, “Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus: a comparative study of their optical properties in relation to their size and pigmentation,” J. Mar. Res. 51, 617–649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Anderson, “A spectrally averaged model of light penetration and photosynthesis,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 38, 1403–1419 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Partensky, N. Hoepffner, W. K. W. Li, O. Ulloa, and D. Vaulot, “Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp (Prochlorophyta) strains isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea,” Plant Physiol. 101, 285–296 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

W. H. Press, S. A. Keukolsky, W. T. Vettering, and B. P. Flannery, Levenberg-Marquard Method in Numerical Recipes in C: the Art of Scientific Computation (Cambridge Univeristy, 1992).

1991 (2)

N. Hoepffner and S. Sathyendranath, “Effect of pigment composition on absorption properties of phytoplankton,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 73, 11–23 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Light and marine photosynthesis: A spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications,” Prog. Oceanogr. 26, 263–306 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “A bridge between ocean optics and microbial ecology,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1694–1704(1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241, 1613–1620 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I waters),” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10749–10768 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

S. Sathyendranath, S. L. Lazzara, and L. Prieur, “Variations in the spectral values of specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 32, 403–415 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

D. A. Kiefer and B. G. Mitchell, “A simple steady state description of phytoplankton growth based on absorption cross section and quantum efficiency,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28, 770–776(1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

A. Morel and A. Bricaud, “Theoretical results concerning light absorption in a discrete medium, and application to specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Deep-Sea Res. 28, 1375–1393(1981).
[CrossRef]

L. Prieur and S. Sathyendranath, “An optical classification of coastal and oceanic waters based on the specific spectral absorption curves of phytoplankton pigments, dissolved organic matter and other particulate materials,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 671–689 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Morel, “Available, usable, and stored radiant energy in relation to marine photosynthesis,” Deep-Sea Res. 25, 673–688(1978).

1976 (1)

T. Platt and A. D. Jassby, “The relationship between photosynthesis and light for natural assemblages of coastal marine-phytoplankton,” J. Phycol. 12, 421–430 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

J. T. O. Kirk, “A theoretical analysis of the contribution of algal cells to the attenuation of light within waters. I. General treatment of suspensions of living cells,” New Phytol. 75, 1–20(1975).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “A theoretical analysis of the contribution of algal cells to the attenuation of light within waters. II. Spherical cells,” New Phytol. 75, 21–36 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

L. N. M. Duysens, “The flattening of the absorption spectrum of suspensions as compared to that of solutions,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 19, 1–12 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, Y. H.

A. Morel, Y. H. Ahn, F. Partensky, D. Vaulot, and H. Claustre, “Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus: a comparative study of their optical properties in relation to their size and pigmentation,” J. Mar. Res. 51, 617–649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aiken, J.

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, J. Aiken, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, and T. J. Smyth, “An absorption model to derive phytoplankton size classes from satellite ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3153–3159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Hardman-Mountford, T. Hirata, K. A. Richardson, and J. Aiken, “An objective methodology for the classification of ecological pattern into biomes and provinces for the pelagic ocean,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3341–3352(2008).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Smyth, G. F. Moore, T. Hirata, and J. Aiken, “Semianalytical model for the derivation of ocean color inherent optical properties: description, implementation, and performance assessment,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8116–8131 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Allali, K.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, T.

T. Anderson, “A spectrally averaged model of light penetration and photosynthesis,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 38, 1403–1419 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Babin, M.

J. Uitz, Y. Huot, F. Bruyant, M. Babin, and H. Claustre, “Relating phytoplankton photophysiological properties to community structure on large scales,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 614–630 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, and A. Bricaud, “Nitrogen- and irradiance- dependant variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic marine systems,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 43, 1241–1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. W.

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean colour algorithm development and satellite data production validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 122–140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barciela, R. M.

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barlow, R.

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brewin, R. J. W.

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bricaud, A.

A. M. Ciotti, A. Bricaud, and S. A. Gaeta, “Retrieval of a size parameter for phytoplankton from spectral water-leaving radiances in the SeaWiFS channels,” presented at Ocean Optics XVII, Freemantle, Australia, 25–29 October 2004.

A. M. Ciotti and A. Bricaud, “Retrievals of a size parameter for phytoplankton and spectral light absorption by colored detrital matter from water-leaving radiances at SeaWiFS channels in a continental shelf region off Brazil,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 4, 237–253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplanktonic absorption in oceanic waters: influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, C11010 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, and A. Bricaud, “Nitrogen- and irradiance- dependant variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic marine systems,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 43, 1241–1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and A. Bricaud, “Theoretical results concerning light absorption in a discrete medium, and application to specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Deep-Sea Res. 28, 1375–1393(1981).
[CrossRef]

Bruyant, F.

J. Uitz, Y. Huot, F. Bruyant, M. Babin, and H. Claustre, “Relating phytoplankton photophysiological properties to community structure on large scales,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 614–630 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Caverhill, C.

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chisholm, S. W.

L. R. Moore, R. Goericke, and S. W. Chisholm, “Comparative physiology of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus: influence of light and temperature on growth, pigments, fluorescence and absorptive properties,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 116, 259–275(1995).
[CrossRef]

Ciotti, A. M.

A. M. Ciotti, A. Bricaud, and S. A. Gaeta, “Retrieval of a size parameter for phytoplankton from spectral water-leaving radiances in the SeaWiFS channels,” presented at Ocean Optics XVII, Freemantle, Australia, 25–29 October 2004.

A. M. Ciotti and A. Bricaud, “Retrievals of a size parameter for phytoplankton and spectral light absorption by colored detrital matter from water-leaving radiances at SeaWiFS channels in a continental shelf region off Brazil,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 4, 237–253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, “Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404–417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Claustre, H.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, B. Gentili, and D. Stramski, “Phytoplankton class-specific primary production in the world’s oceans: seasonal and interannual variability from satellite observations,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24, GB3016 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Uitz, Y. Huot, F. Bruyant, M. Babin, and H. Claustre, “Relating phytoplankton photophysiological properties to community structure on large scales,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 614–630 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, A. Morel, and S. B. Hooker, “Vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in open ocean: an assessment based on surface chlorophyll,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, CO8005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplanktonic absorption in oceanic waters: influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, C11010 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidussi, H. Claustre, B. B. Manca, A. Luchetta, and J. C. Marty, “Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to upper thermocline circulation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 19939–19956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, and A. Bricaud, “Nitrogen- and irradiance- dependant variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic marine systems,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 43, 1241–1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, Y. H. Ahn, F. Partensky, D. Vaulot, and H. Claustre, “Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus: a comparative study of their optical properties in relation to their size and pigmentation,” J. Mar. Res. 51, 617–649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cleveland, J. S.

J. S. Cleveland, “Regional models for phytoplankton absorption as a function of chlorophyll a concentration,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13333–13344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cota, G.

S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, G. Cota, H. Mass, and T. Platt, “A two-component model of phytoplankton absorption in the open ocean: theory and applications,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 249–273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, J. J.

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, “Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404–417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cummings, D. G.

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dallot, S.

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
[CrossRef]

Devred, E.

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, “Decadal changes in ecological provinces of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean revealed by satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L19607 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dousova, H.

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
[CrossRef]

Duysens, L. N. M.

L. N. M. Duysens, “The flattening of the absorption spectrum of suspensions as compared to that of solutions,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 19, 1–12 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Finkel, Z. V.

Z. V. Finkel, “Light absorption and size scaling of light-limited metabolism in marine diatoms,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 46, 86–94 (2001).

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, S. A. Keukolsky, W. T. Vettering, and B. P. Flannery, Levenberg-Marquard Method in Numerical Recipes in C: the Art of Scientific Computation (Cambridge Univeristy, 1992).

Gaeta, S. A.

A. M. Ciotti, A. Bricaud, and S. A. Gaeta, “Retrieval of a size parameter for phytoplankton from spectral water-leaving radiances in the SeaWiFS channels,” presented at Ocean Optics XVII, Freemantle, Australia, 25–29 October 2004.

Garcia, N.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garver, S. A.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gentili, B.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, B. Gentili, and D. Stramski, “Phytoplankton class-specific primary production in the world’s oceans: seasonal and interannual variability from satellite observations,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24, GB3016 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goericke, R.

L. R. Moore, R. Goericke, and S. W. Chisholm, “Comparative physiology of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus: influence of light and temperature on growth, pigments, fluorescence and absorptive properties,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 116, 259–275(1995).
[CrossRef]

Griffiths, F. Brian

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hardman-Mountford, N. J.

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, J. Aiken, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, and T. J. Smyth, “An absorption model to derive phytoplankton size classes from satellite ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3153–3159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Hardman-Mountford, T. Hirata, K. A. Richardson, and J. Aiken, “An objective methodology for the classification of ecological pattern into biomes and provinces for the pelagic ocean,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3341–3352(2008).
[CrossRef]

Head, E. J. H.

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Lutz, S. Sathyendranath, and E. J. H. Head, “Absorption coefficient of phytoplankton: regional variations in the North Atlantic,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 135, 197–213 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hill, P. S.

A. M. Waite and P. S. Hill, “Flocculation and phytoplankton cell size can alter Th234-based estimates of the vertical flux of particulate organic carbon in the sea,” Mar. Chem. 100, 366–375 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, T.

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirata, J. Aiken, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, and T. J. Smyth, “An absorption model to derive phytoplankton size classes from satellite ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3153–3159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Hardman-Mountford, T. Hirata, K. A. Richardson, and J. Aiken, “An objective methodology for the classification of ecological pattern into biomes and provinces for the pelagic ocean,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3341–3352(2008).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Smyth, G. F. Moore, T. Hirata, and J. Aiken, “Semianalytical model for the derivation of ocean color inherent optical properties: description, implementation, and performance assessment,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8116–8131 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hoepffner, N.

F. Partensky, N. Hoepffner, W. K. W. Li, O. Ulloa, and D. Vaulot, “Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp (Prochlorophyta) strains isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea,” Plant Physiol. 101, 285–296 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Hoepffner and S. Sathyendranath, “Effect of pigment composition on absorption properties of phytoplankton,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 73, 11–23 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Holligan, P.

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. B.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, A. Morel, and S. B. Hooker, “Vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in open ocean: an assessment based on surface chlorophyll,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, CO8005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huot, Y.

J. Uitz, Y. Huot, F. Bruyant, M. Babin, and H. Claustre, “Relating phytoplankton photophysiological properties to community structure on large scales,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 614–630 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Irwin, B.

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, T. Platt, H. Mass, and B. Irwin, “Pigments and species composition of natural phytoplankton populations: effects on the absorption spectra,” J. Plankton Res. 20, 187–217 (1998).
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Jassby, A. D.

T. Platt and A. D. Jassby, “The relationship between photosynthesis and light for natural assemblages of coastal marine-phytoplankton,” J. Phycol. 12, 421–430 (1976).
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Jeffrey, S. W.

S. W. Jeffrey and R. F. C. Mantoura, “Development of pigment methods for oceanography: SCOR-supported working groups and objectives,” in Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography: Guidelines to Modern Methods, S.W.Jeffrey, R.F. C.Mantoura, and S.W.Wright, eds. (UNESCO Publishing, 1997), pp 38–84.

Kahru, M.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Keukolsky, W. T. Vettering, and B. P. Flannery, Levenberg-Marquard Method in Numerical Recipes in C: the Art of Scientific Computation (Cambridge Univeristy, 1992).

Kiefer, D. A.

D. A. Kiefer and B. G. Mitchell, “A simple steady state description of phytoplankton growth based on absorption cross section and quantum efficiency,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28, 770–776(1983).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, J. T. O.

J. T. O. Kirk, “A theoretical analysis of the contribution of algal cells to the attenuation of light within waters. II. Spherical cells,” New Phytol. 75, 21–36 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “A theoretical analysis of the contribution of algal cells to the attenuation of light within waters. I. General treatment of suspensions of living cells,” New Phytol. 75, 1–20(1975).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, T.

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lavender, S.

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lazzara, S. L.

S. Sathyendranath, S. L. Lazzara, and L. Prieur, “Variations in the spectral values of specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 32, 403–415 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, M. R.

A. M. Ciotti, M. R. Lewis, and J. J. Cullen, “Assessment of the relationships between dominant cell size in natural phytoplankton communities and the spectral shape of the absorption coefficient,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 47, 404–417 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. K. W.

F. Partensky, N. Hoepffner, W. K. W. Li, O. Ulloa, and D. Vaulot, “Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp (Prochlorophyta) strains isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea,” Plant Physiol. 101, 285–296 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lohrenz, S. E.

S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, and M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–l61 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luchetta, A.

F. Vidussi, H. Claustre, B. B. Manca, A. Luchetta, and J. C. Marty, “Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to upper thermocline circulation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 19939–19956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lutz, V. A.

V. A. Lutz, S. Sathyendranath, and E. J. H. Head, “Absorption coefficient of phytoplankton: regional variations in the North Atlantic,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 135, 197–213 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Manca, B. B.

F. Vidussi, H. Claustre, B. B. Manca, A. Luchetta, and J. C. Marty, “Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to upper thermocline circulation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 19939–19956 (2001).
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Mantoura, R. F. C.

S. W. Jeffrey and R. F. C. Mantoura, “Development of pigment methods for oceanography: SCOR-supported working groups and objectives,” in Phytoplankton Pigments in Oceanography: Guidelines to Modern Methods, S.W.Jeffrey, R.F. C.Mantoura, and S.W.Wright, eds. (UNESCO Publishing, 1997), pp 38–84.

Maritorena, S.

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
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Marra, J.

J. Marra, C. Trees, and J. O’Reilly, “Phytoplankton pigment absorption: a strong predictor of primary productivity in the surface ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 54, 155–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marty, J. C.

F. Vidussi, H. Claustre, B. B. Manca, A. Luchetta, and J. C. Marty, “Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to upper thermocline circulation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 19939–19956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mass, H.

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, G. Cota, H. Mass, and T. Platt, “A two-component model of phytoplankton absorption in the open ocean: theory and applications,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 249–273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, T. Platt, H. Mass, and B. Irwin, “Pigments and species composition of natural phytoplankton populations: effects on the absorption spectra,” J. Plankton Res. 20, 187–217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McClain, C.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
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Merien, D.

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
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Mitchell, B. G.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
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D. A. Kiefer and B. G. Mitchell, “A simple steady state description of phytoplankton growth based on absorption cross section and quantum efficiency,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28, 770–776(1983).
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Moore, G. F.

Moore, L. R.

L. R. Moore, R. Goericke, and S. W. Chisholm, “Comparative physiology of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus: influence of light and temperature on growth, pigments, fluorescence and absorptive properties,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 116, 259–275(1995).
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Morel, A.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, A. Morel, and S. B. Hooker, “Vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in open ocean: an assessment based on surface chlorophyll,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, CO8005 (2006).
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A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, “Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with the chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for bio-optical models,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033–31044 (1998).
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M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, and A. Bricaud, “Nitrogen- and irradiance- dependant variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic marine systems,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 43, 1241–1272 (1996).
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A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321–13332 (1995).
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A. Morel, Y. H. Ahn, F. Partensky, D. Vaulot, and H. Claustre, “Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus: a comparative study of their optical properties in relation to their size and pigmentation,” J. Mar. Res. 51, 617–649 (1993).
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A. Morel, “Light and marine photosynthesis: A spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications,” Prog. Oceanogr. 26, 263–306 (1991).
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A. Morel, “Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I waters),” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10749–10768 (1988).
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A. Morel and A. Bricaud, “Theoretical results concerning light absorption in a discrete medium, and application to specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Deep-Sea Res. 28, 1375–1393(1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Available, usable, and stored radiant energy in relation to marine photosynthesis,” Deep-Sea Res. 25, 673–688(1978).

O’Reilly, J.

J. Marra, C. Trees, and J. O’Reilly, “Phytoplankton pigment absorption: a strong predictor of primary productivity in the surface ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 54, 155–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O’Reilly, J. E.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oubelkheir, K.

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplanktonic absorption in oceanic waters: influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, C11010 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Partensky, F.

F. Partensky, N. Hoepffner, W. K. W. Li, O. Ulloa, and D. Vaulot, “Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp (Prochlorophyta) strains isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea,” Plant Physiol. 101, 285–296 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, Y. H. Ahn, F. Partensky, D. Vaulot, and H. Claustre, “Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus: a comparative study of their optical properties in relation to their size and pigmentation,” J. Mar. Res. 51, 617–649 (1993).
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Phinney, D. A.

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “A bridge between ocean optics and microbial ecology,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1694–1704(1989).
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Platt, T.

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, “Decadal changes in ecological provinces of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean revealed by satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L19607 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, G. Cota, H. Mass, and T. Platt, “A two-component model of phytoplankton absorption in the open ocean: theory and applications,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 249–273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, T. Platt, H. Mass, and B. Irwin, “Pigments and species composition of natural phytoplankton populations: effects on the absorption spectra,” J. Plankton Res. 20, 187–217 (1998).
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T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241, 1613–1620 (1988).
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S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
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T. Platt and A. D. Jassby, “The relationship between photosynthesis and light for natural assemblages of coastal marine-phytoplankton,” J. Phycol. 12, 421–430 (1976).
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Poulton, A.

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
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Pradhan, Y.

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
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Prasil, O.

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
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Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, S. A. Keukolsky, W. T. Vettering, and B. P. Flannery, Levenberg-Marquard Method in Numerical Recipes in C: the Art of Scientific Computation (Cambridge Univeristy, 1992).

Prieur, L.

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
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S. Sathyendranath, S. L. Lazzara, and L. Prieur, “Variations in the spectral values of specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 32, 403–415 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Prieur and S. Sathyendranath, “An optical classification of coastal and oceanic waters based on the specific spectral absorption curves of phytoplankton pigments, dissolved organic matter and other particulate materials,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 671–689 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ras, J.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Claustre, M. Babin, D. Merien, J. Ras, L. Prieur, S. Dallot, O. Prasil, and H. Dousova, “Towards a taxon-specific parameterization of bio-optical models of primary production: a case study in the North Atlantic,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07S12(2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, H. Claustre, J. Ras, and K. Oubelkheir, “Natural variability of phytoplanktonic absorption in oceanic waters: influence of the size structure of algal populations,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, C11010 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K. A.

N. J. Hardman-Mountford, T. Hirata, K. A. Richardson, and J. Aiken, “An objective methodology for the classification of ecological pattern into biomes and provinces for the pelagic ocean,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3341–3352(2008).
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Roesler, C. S.

C. S. Roesler, “Theoretical and experimental approaches to improve the accuracy of particulate absorption coefficients derived from the quantitative filter technique,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43, 1649–1660 (1998).
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Sandroni, V.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sathyendranath, S.

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, and T. Platt, “Decadal changes in ecological provinces of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean revealed by satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L19607 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, G. Cota, H. Mass, and T. Platt, “A two-component model of phytoplankton absorption in the open ocean: theory and applications,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 249–273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, T. Platt, H. Mass, and B. Irwin, “Pigments and species composition of natural phytoplankton populations: effects on the absorption spectra,” J. Plankton Res. 20, 187–217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Lutz, S. Sathyendranath, and E. J. H. Head, “Absorption coefficient of phytoplankton: regional variations in the North Atlantic,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 135, 197–213 (1996).
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N. Hoepffner and S. Sathyendranath, “Effect of pigment composition on absorption properties of phytoplankton,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 73, 11–23 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Platt and S. Sathyendranath, “Oceanic primary production: estimation by remote sensing at local and regional scales,” Science 241, 1613–1620 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, S. L. Lazzara, and L. Prieur, “Variations in the spectral values of specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 32, 403–415 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Prieur and S. Sathyendranath, “An optical classification of coastal and oceanic waters based on the specific spectral absorption curves of phytoplankton pigments, dissolved organic matter and other particulate materials,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 671–689 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, D. A.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937–24953 (1998).
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Smyth, T. J.

T. Hirata, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, R. Barlow, T. Lamont, R. J. W. Brewin, T. J. Smyth, and J. Aiken, “An inherent optical property approach to the estimation of size-specific photosynthetic rates in eastern boundary upwelling zones from satellite ocean colour: an initial assessment,” Prog. Oceanogr. 83, 393–397 (2009).
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T. Hirata, J. Aiken, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, and T. J. Smyth, “An absorption model to derive phytoplankton size classes from satellite ocean colour,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112, 3153–3159 (2008).
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T. J. Smyth, G. F. Moore, T. Hirata, and J. Aiken, “Semianalytical model for the derivation of ocean color inherent optical properties: description, implementation, and performance assessment,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8116–8131 (2006).
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Stramski, D.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, B. Gentili, and D. Stramski, “Phytoplankton class-specific primary production in the world’s oceans: seasonal and interannual variability from satellite observations,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24, GB3016 (2010).
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Stuart, V.

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, G. Cota, H. Mass, and T. Platt, “A two-component model of phytoplankton absorption in the open ocean: theory and applications,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 22, 249–273 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, E. J. H. Head, T. Platt, B. Irwin, and H. Mass, “Bio-optical characteristics of diatom and prymnesiophyte populations in the Labrador Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201, 91–106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, T. Platt, H. Mass, and B. Irwin, “Pigments and species composition of natural phytoplankton populations: effects on the absorption spectra,” J. Plankton Res. 20, 187–217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trees, C.

J. Marra, C. Trees, and J. O’Reilly, “Phytoplankton pigment absorption: a strong predictor of primary productivity in the surface ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 54, 155–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tuel, M.

S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, and M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–l61 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uitz, J.

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, B. Gentili, and D. Stramski, “Phytoplankton class-specific primary production in the world’s oceans: seasonal and interannual variability from satellite observations,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24, GB3016 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
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J. Uitz, Y. Huot, F. Bruyant, M. Babin, and H. Claustre, “Relating phytoplankton photophysiological properties to community structure on large scales,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 53, 614–630 (2008).
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J. Uitz, H. Claustre, A. Morel, and S. B. Hooker, “Vertical distribution of phytoplankton communities in open ocean: an assessment based on surface chlorophyll,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, CO8005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ulloa, O.

E. Devred, S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, H. Mass, O. Ulloa, and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of phytoplankton pigments: a comparison of empirical and theoretical approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C03011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Partensky, N. Hoepffner, W. K. W. Li, O. Ulloa, and D. Vaulot, “Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp (Prochlorophyta) strains isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea,” Plant Physiol. 101, 285–296 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vaulot, D.

F. Partensky, N. Hoepffner, W. K. W. Li, O. Ulloa, and D. Vaulot, “Photoacclimation of Prochlorococcus sp (Prochlorophyta) strains isolated from the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea,” Plant Physiol. 101, 285–296 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, Y. H. Ahn, F. Partensky, D. Vaulot, and H. Claustre, “Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus: a comparative study of their optical properties in relation to their size and pigmentation,” J. Mar. Res. 51, 617–649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vettering, W. T.

W. H. Press, S. A. Keukolsky, W. T. Vettering, and B. P. Flannery, Levenberg-Marquard Method in Numerical Recipes in C: the Art of Scientific Computation (Cambridge Univeristy, 1992).

Vidussi, F.

F. Vidussi, H. Claustre, B. B. Manca, A. Luchetta, and J. C. Marty, “Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to upper thermocline circulation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea during winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 19939–19956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Waite, A. M.

A. M. Waite and P. S. Hill, “Flocculation and phytoplankton cell size can alter Th234-based estimates of the vertical flux of particulate organic carbon in the sea,” Mar. Chem. 100, 366–375 (2006).
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Watts, L.

S. Sathyendranath, L. Watts, E. Devred, T. Platt, C. Caverhill, and H. Mass, “Discrimination of diatoms from other phytoplankton using ocean-colour data,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 272, 59–68 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weidemann, A. D.

S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, and M. Tuel, “Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition,” J. Plankton Res. 25, 35–l61 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Werdell, J.

J. Werdell, “Global bio-optical algorithms for ocean color satellite applications,” EOS Trans. AGU 90, 4 (2009).
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Werdell, P. J.

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved in situ bio-optical data set for ocean colour algorithm development and satellite data production validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 122–140 (2005).
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Yentsch, C. S.

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “A bridge between ocean optics and microbial ecology,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 34, 1694–1704(1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1)

L. N. M. Duysens, “The flattening of the absorption spectrum of suspensions as compared to that of solutions,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 19, 1–12 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Deep-Sea Res. (2)

A. Morel and A. Bricaud, “Theoretical results concerning light absorption in a discrete medium, and application to specific absorption of phytoplankton,” Deep-Sea Res. 28, 1375–1393(1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Available, usable, and stored radiant energy in relation to marine photosynthesis,” Deep-Sea Res. 25, 673–688(1978).

Deep-Sea Res., Part I (3)

R. Barlow, J. Aiken, P. Holligan, D. G. Cummings, S. Maritorena, and S. B. Hooker, “Phytoplankton pigment and absorption characteristics along meridional transects in the Atlantic Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 49, 637–660 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Marra, C. Trees, and J. O’Reilly, “Phytoplankton pigment absorption: a strong predictor of primary productivity in the surface ocean,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 54, 155–163 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, H. Claustre, and A. Bricaud, “Nitrogen- and irradiance- dependant variations of the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in eutrophic, mesotrophic and oligotrophic marine systems,” Deep-Sea Res., Part I 43, 1241–1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deep-Sea Res., Part II (1)

J. Aiken, Y. Pradhan, R. Barlow, S. Lavender, A. Poulton, P. Holligan, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: a decadal assessment, 1995–2005. AMT Special Issue,” Deep-Sea Res., Part II 56, 899–917 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deep-Sea Res., Part. I (1)

J. Uitz, H. Claustre, F. Brian Griffiths, J. Ras, N. Garcia, and V. Sandroni, “A phytoplankton class-specific primary production model applied to the Kerguelen Islands region (Southern Ocean),” Deep-Sea Res., Part. I 56, 541–560 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ecol. Modelling (1)

R. J. W. Brewin, S. Sathyendranath, T. Hirata, S. Lavender, R. M. Barciela, and N. J. Hardman-Mountford, “A three-component model of phytoplankton size class for the Atlantic Ocean,” Ecol. Modelling 221, 1472–1483 (2010).
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