Abstract

We consider the capabilities and limits of strategies for single-aperture three-dimensional and extended depth of field optical imaging. We show that reduced spatial resolution is implicit in forward models for light field sampling and that reduced modulation transfer efficiency is intrinsic to pupil coding. We propose a novel strategy based on image space modulation and show that this strategy can be sensitive to high-resolution spatial features across an extended focal volume.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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