Abstract

We have undertaken a measurement campaign to determine the repeatability of the prompt flashlamp-induced wavefront aberration on beamlines at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and determine the extent to which shot-to-shot variations in this aberration may degrade the performance of a proposed adaptive optics system for the short-pulse Advanced Radiographic Capability beamline on NIF. In this paper we will describe the unique NIF configuration that was required to make this measurement, pres ent the results of the experiment, and discuss the implications of these results for the adaptive optics system design.

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  1. C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. D. R. Neal, J. Copland, and D. A. Neal, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor precision and accuracy,” Proc. SPIE 4779, 148–160 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics, 3rd ed. (CRC Press, 2011).

2010 (1)

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

C. Li, H. Xian, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Measuring statistical error of Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with discrete detector arrays,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2243–2255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Ares and J. Arines, “Influence of thresholding on centroid statistics: full analytical description,” Appl. Opt. 43, 5796–5805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. R. Neal, J. Copland, and D. A. Neal, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor precision and accuracy,” Proc. SPIE 4779, 148–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

1994 (1)

G. Cao and X. Yu, “Accuracy analysis of a Hartmann–Shack wavefront sensor operated with a faint object,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2331–2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1977 (1)

J. V. Beck and K. J. Arnold, Parameter Estimation in Engineering and Science (Wiley, 1977).

Al-Ayat, R.

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ares, J.

Arines, J.

Arnold, K. J.

J. V. Beck and K. J. Arnold, Parameter Estimation in Engineering and Science (Wiley, 1977).

Arnold, P. A.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, T. J.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Atta, R. L. V.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baker, K. L.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barty, C.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beach, R.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beck, J. V.

J. V. Beck and K. J. Arnold, Parameter Estimation in Engineering and Science (Wiley, 1977).

Beer, G.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beer, N. R.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Biltoft, P. J.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, E. S.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, M. W.

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. N.

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Britten, J.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Browning, D. F.

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bryan, S.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burkhart, S.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

Burkhart, S. C.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, G.

G. Cao and X. Yu, “Accuracy analysis of a Hartmann–Shack wavefront sensor operated with a faint object,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2331–2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, T.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, S.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, S. J.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Copland, J.

D. R. Neal, J. Copland, and D. A. Neal, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor precision and accuracy,” Proc. SPIE 4779, 148–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Crane, J.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DeHope, W. J.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G. V.

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Erlandson, A.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Funkhouser, W. G.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

Henesian, M. A.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, M.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hinz, A. F.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoaglan, C.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Homoelle, D.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honig, J.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iyer, A.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jedlovec, D.

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

Jedlovec, D. R.

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, E. B.

Jiang, W.

C. Li, H. Xian, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Measuring statistical error of Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with discrete detector arrays,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2243–2255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jones, L.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keane, C. J.

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Key, M.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Komashko, A.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Landen, O.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Latta, M. R.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

C. Li, H. Xian, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Measuring statistical error of Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with discrete detector arrays,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2243–2255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Manes, K. R.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

Mills, S.

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

Mitchell, S.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, J. S.

Moses, E.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moses, E. I.

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neal, D. A.

D. R. Neal, J. Copland, and D. A. Neal, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor precision and accuracy,” Proc. SPIE 4779, 148–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neal, D. R.

D. R. Neal, J. Copland, and D. A. Neal, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor precision and accuracy,” Proc. SPIE 4779, 148–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H.-H.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, N.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nissen, J.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, M. D.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ollis, C. W.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P. K.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petty, C. S.

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

Pigg, D. C.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Primdahl, K. A.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rao, C.

C. Li, H. Xian, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Measuring statistical error of Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with discrete detector arrays,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2243–2255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Remington, B. A.

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Risinger, L.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robb, C. L.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rushford, M.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rushford, M. C.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, J. T.

J. T. Salmon, “Method for removing tilt control in adaptive optics systems,” U.S. patent 5,745,309 (28 April 1998), http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/871512-NYp5CG/.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R. T.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Siders, C. W.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skulina, K.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Slater, D. C.

Smith, L. K.

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

Spaeth, M.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M. L.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stappaerts, E. A.

Stolz, C. J.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stowers, I. F.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

Tapley, W. C.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tietbohl, G.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Timothy, J. G.

Tyson, R. K.

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics, 3rd ed. (CRC Press, 2011).

Utterback, E.

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Baker, D. Homoelle, E. Utterback, E. A. Stappaerts, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics testbed for laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing,” Opt. Express 17, 16696–16709 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watson, J. J.

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wattellier, B.

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitman, P. K.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Widmayer, C. C.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Williams, W. H.

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winters, S. E.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wisoff, P. J.

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wonterghem, B. M. V.

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

Xian, H.

C. Li, H. Xian, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Measuring statistical error of Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with discrete detector arrays,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2243–2255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

G. Cao and X. Yu, “Accuracy analysis of a Hartmann–Shack wavefront sensor operated with a faint object,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2331–2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zacharias, R. A.

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

C. Li, H. Xian, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Measuring statistical error of Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor with discrete detector arrays,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2243–2255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

D. Homoelle, K. L. Baker, P. K. Patel, E. Utterback, M. C. Rushford, C. W. Siders, and C. P. J. Barty, “Interferometric adaptive optics for high-power laser beam correction in fast ignition experiments,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 244, 032007(2010).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion (1)

C. Barty, M. Key, J. Britten, R. Beach, G. Beer, C. Brown, S. Bryan, J. Caird, T. Carlson, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, C. Hoaglan, A. Iyer, L. Jones II, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, S. Mitchell, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, H.-H. Nguyen, J. Nissen, S. Payne, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, K. Skulina, M. Spaeth, B. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, and B. Wattellier, “An overview of LLNL high-energy short-pulse technology for advanced radiography of laser fusion experiments,” Nucl. Fusion 44, S266–S275 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (3)

G. Cao and X. Yu, “Accuracy analysis of a Hartmann–Shack wavefront sensor operated with a faint object,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2331–2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Spaeth, K. R. Manes, C. C. Widmayer, W. H. Williams, P. K. Whitman, M. A. Henesian, I. F. Stowers, and J. Honig, “National Ignition Facility wavefront requirements and optical architecture,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2854–2865 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Zacharias, N. R. Beer, E. S. Bliss, S. C. Burkhart, S. J. Cohen, S. B. Sutton, R. L. V. Atta, S. E. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. R. Latta, C. J. Stolz, D. C. Pigg, and T. J. Arnold, “Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43, 2873–2884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

E. I. Moses, R. N. Boyd, B. A. Remington, C. J. Keane, and R. Al-Ayat, “The National Ignition Facility: ushering in a new age for high energy density science,” Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (5)

P. J. Wisoff, M. W. Bowers, G. V. Erbert, D. F. Browning, and D. R. Jedlovec, “NIF Injection Laser System,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 146–155 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Bowers, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, G. Erbert, J. Heebner, M. Hermann, and D. Jedlovec, “The injection laser system on the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 6451, 64511M(2007).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Arnold, C. W. Ollis, A. F. Hinz, C. L. Robb, K. A. Primdahl, J. J. Watson, M. D. O’Brien, W. G. Funkhouser, P. J. Biltoft, R. T. Shelton, W. C. Tapley, and W. J. DeHope, “Deployment, commissioning, and operation of plasma electrode Pockels cells in the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 156–167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Sutton, C. D. Marshall, C. S. Petty, L. K. Smith, B. M. V. Wonterghem, and S. Mills, “Thermal recovery of NIF amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 560–570 (1997).

D. R. Neal, J. Copland, and D. A. Neal, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor precision and accuracy,” Proc. SPIE 4779, 148–160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. K. Tyson, Principles of Adaptive Optics, 3rd ed. (CRC Press, 2011).

J. V. Beck and K. J. Arnold, Parameter Estimation in Engineering and Science (Wiley, 1977).

J. T. Salmon, “Method for removing tilt control in adaptive optics systems,” U.S. patent 5,745,309 (28 April 1998), http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/871512-NYp5CG/.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lenslet array (circles) and wavefront reconstruction nodes (+) for the NIF WFS as mapped onto NIF beamline. For clarity, only the peripheral wavefront nodes have been numbered.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

3 σ limit for the change in wavefront versus time delay between measurements. Each curve is for a single pixel in the reconstructed and smoothed wavefront data, and the pixels are all contained within a 11 × 11 box covering the center 1 / 5 of the beam aperture. The vertical line indicates 100 ms between wavefront images, and the horizontal line indicates the λ / 50 threshold we wish to stay beneath for this measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Shape of the master-oscillator seed pulse injected into regen laser cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavefront for each beamline for the unamplified first pulse (left column), the amplified second pulse (center column), and the difference between the two, which yields the prompt aberration (right column), in waves, for the first shot. The scale given at the top of each column holds for the entire column.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Difference in prompt aberration between the first and second shots for all four beamlines, in waves.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Representative sample of an array of Hartmann spots used to calculate the error in the centroid. The box is the region over which the centroid is calculated for the central spot.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Representative examples of a (a) noisy saturated spot and (b) unsaturated spot. The color pixels indicate those pixels which are above the 15% centroid threshold level and are included in the centroid calculation for this example.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Uncertainty (RMS) in (a) the calculated wavefront (WF) node versus node number and (b) as scaled to the NIF deformable mirror . In (a), the solid blue curve is the theory curve using Eq. (2), the black dotted curve is the Monte Carlo result using the Hartmann matrix, and the red dotted–dashed curve is the Monte Carlo result using the tilt-removed reconstructor. The gray dashed line is the λ / 50 error that was the maximum RMS variation in the prompt aberration wavefront measured on a shot.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 RMS of the Wavefront Difference between Two Prompt Measurements, in Waves a

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕ = [ B T B ] 1 B T s ,
C = σ n 2 ( B T B ) 1 ,

Metrics