This paper proposes an elegant technique for the simultaneous measurement of in-plane and out-of-plane displacements of a deformed object in digital holographic interferometry. The measurement relies on simultaneously illuminating the object from multiple directions and using a single reference beam to interfere with the scattered object beams on the CCD plane. Numerical reconstruction provides the complex object wave-fields or complex amplitudes corresponding to prior and postdeformation states of the object. These complex amplitudes are used to generate the complex reconstructed interference field whose real part constitutes a moiré interference fringe pattern. Moiré fringes encode information about multiple phases which are extracted by introducing a spatial carrier in one of the object beams and subsequently using a Fourier transform operation. The information about the in-plane and out-of-plane displacements is then ascertained from the estimated multiple phases using sensitivity vectors of the optical configuration.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
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