H. Gao and H. K. Zhao, “A fast forward solver of radiative transfer equation,” Transp. Theory Stat. Phys. 38, 149–192(2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Ghita, G. Sjoden, and J. Baciak, “A Methodology for experimental and 3-D computational radiation transport assessments of Pu-Be neutron sources,” Nucl. Technol. 159, 319–331(2007).

B. Dogdas, D. Stout, A. Chatziioannou, and R. M. Leahy, “Digimouse: a 3D whole body mouse atlas from CT and cryosection data,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 577–587 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, “Fluorescence molecular imaging,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8, 1–33 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Longoni, A. Haghighat, C. Yi, and G. E. Sjoden, “Benchmarking of PENTRAN-SSN parallel transport code and fast preconditioning algorithm using the VENUS-2 MOX-fueled benchmark problem,” J. ASTM Int. 3, 321–330 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345(2005).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 1–43 (2005).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, LH. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. P. Budak and A. V. Kozelskii, “Accuracy and applicability domain of the small angle approximation,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 18, 32–37 (2005).

S. Patwardhan, S. Bloch, S. Achilefu, and J. Culver, “Time-dependent whole-body fluorescence tomography of probe bio-distributions in mice,” Opt. Express 13, 2564–2577 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “Fluorescence tomography with simulated data based on the equation of radiative transfer,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1019–1021 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. E. Graves, J. Ripoll, R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, “A submillimeter resolution fluorescence molecular imaging system for small animal imaging,” Med. Phys. 30, 901–911(2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. D. Aydin, C. R. E. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, “A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method,” Med. Phys. 29, 2013–2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. L. Adams and E. W. Larsen, “Fast iterative methods for discrete-ordinates particle transport calculations,” Prog. Nucl. Energy 40, 3–159 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Boas, J. Culver, J. Stott, and A. Dunn, “Three dimensional Monte Carlo code for photon migration through complex heterogeneous media including the adult human head,” Opt. Express 10, 159–169 (2002).

[PubMed]

A. Kienle, F. K. Forster, and R. Hibst, “Influence of the phase function on determination of the optical properties of biological tissue by spatially resolved reflectance,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1571–1573 (2001).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Rukolaine and V. S. Yuferev, “Discrete ordinates quadrature schemes based on the angular interpolation of radiation intensity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 69, 257–275(2001).

[CrossRef]

V. Kucukboyaci, A. Haghighat, and G. E. Sjoden, “Performance of PENTRAN 3-D parallel particle transport code on the IBM SP2 and PCTRAN cluster,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 2131, 36–43 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. A. Wareing, J. M. McGhee, J. E. Morel, and S. D. Pautz, “Discontinuous finite element SN methods on three-dimensional unstructured grids,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 138, 256–268 (2001).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1999).

M. L. Adams, T. A. Wareing, and W. F. Walters, “Characteristic methods in thick diffusive problems,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 130, 18–46 (1998).

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Nicholls and B. Honig, “A rapid finite difference algorithm utilizing successive over-relaxation to solve the Poisson-Boltzmann equation,” J. Comput. Chem. 12, 435–445 (1991).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647–2650 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. E. Lewis and W. F. Miller, Computational Methods of Neutron Transport (Wiley, 1984).

V. Lebedev, “Quadratures on a sphere,” USSR Comput. Math. Math. Phys. 16, 10–24 (1976).

[CrossRef]

V. Lebedev, “Values of the nodes and weights of ninth to seventeenth order Gauss–Markov quadrature formulae invariant under the octahedron group with inversion,” USSR Comput. Math. Math. Phys. 15, 44–51 (1975).

[CrossRef]

M. L. Adams and E. W. Larsen, “Fast iterative methods for discrete-ordinates particle transport calculations,” Prog. Nucl. Energy 40, 3–159 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. L. Adams, T. A. Wareing, and W. F. Walters, “Characteristic methods in thick diffusive problems,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 130, 18–46 (1998).

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647–2650 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 1–43 (2005).

[CrossRef]

E. D. Aydin, C. R. E. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, “A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method,” Med. Phys. 29, 2013–2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Ghita, G. Sjoden, and J. Baciak, “A Methodology for experimental and 3-D computational radiation transport assessments of Pu-Be neutron sources,” Nucl. Technol. 159, 319–331(2007).

B. Dogdas, D. Stout, A. Chatziioannou, and R. M. Leahy, “Digimouse: a 3D whole body mouse atlas from CT and cryosection data,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 577–587 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

S. Patwardhan, S. Bloch, S. Achilefu, and J. Culver, “Time-dependent whole-body fluorescence tomography of probe bio-distributions in mice,” Opt. Express 13, 2564–2577 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Boas, J. Culver, J. Stott, and A. Dunn, “Three dimensional Monte Carlo code for photon migration through complex heterogeneous media including the adult human head,” Opt. Express 10, 159–169 (2002).

[PubMed]

B. Dogdas, D. Stout, A. Chatziioannou, and R. M. Leahy, “Digimouse: a 3D whole body mouse atlas from CT and cryosection data,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 577–587 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Gao and H. K. Zhao, “A fast forward solver of radiative transfer equation,” Transp. Theory Stat. Phys. 38, 149–192(2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Ghita, G. Sjoden, and J. Baciak, “A Methodology for experimental and 3-D computational radiation transport assessments of Pu-Be neutron sources,” Nucl. Technol. 159, 319–331(2007).

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 1–43 (2005).

[CrossRef]

E. D. Aydin, C. R. E. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, “A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method,” Med. Phys. 29, 2013–2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. E. Graves, J. Ripoll, R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, “A submillimeter resolution fluorescence molecular imaging system for small animal imaging,” Med. Phys. 30, 901–911(2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Longoni, A. Haghighat, C. Yi, and G. E. Sjoden, “Benchmarking of PENTRAN-SSN parallel transport code and fast preconditioning algorithm using the VENUS-2 MOX-fueled benchmark problem,” J. ASTM Int. 3, 321–330 (2006).

[CrossRef]

V. Kucukboyaci, A. Haghighat, and G. E. Sjoden, “Performance of PENTRAN 3-D parallel particle transport code on the IBM SP2 and PCTRAN cluster,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 2131, 36–43 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. P. Gibson, J. C. Hebden, and S. R. Arridge, “Recent advances in diffuse optical imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 1–43 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345(2005).

[CrossRef]

K. Ren, G. S. Abdoulaev, G. Bal, and A. H. Hielscher, “Algorithm for solving the equation of radiative transfer in the frequency domain,” Opt. Lett. 29, 578–580 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “Fluorescence tomography with simulated data based on the equation of radiative transfer,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1019–1021 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Nicholls and B. Honig, “A rapid finite difference algorithm utilizing successive over-relaxation to solve the Poisson-Boltzmann equation,” J. Comput. Chem. 12, 435–445 (1991).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1999).

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345(2005).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and A. H. Hielscher, “Fluorescence tomography with simulated data based on the equation of radiative transfer,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1019–1021 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. P. Budak and A. V. Kozelskii, “Accuracy and applicability domain of the small angle approximation,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 18, 32–37 (2005).

V. Kucukboyaci, A. Haghighat, and G. E. Sjoden, “Performance of PENTRAN 3-D parallel particle transport code on the IBM SP2 and PCTRAN cluster,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 2131, 36–43 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. D. Klose and E. W. Larsen, “Light transport in biological tissue based on the simplified spherical harmonics equations,” J. Comput. Phys. 220, 441–470 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. L. Adams and E. W. Larsen, “Fast iterative methods for discrete-ordinates particle transport calculations,” Prog. Nucl. Energy 40, 3–159 (2002).

[CrossRef]

B. Dogdas, D. Stout, A. Chatziioannou, and R. M. Leahy, “Digimouse: a 3D whole body mouse atlas from CT and cryosection data,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 577–587 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Lebedev, “Quadratures on a sphere,” USSR Comput. Math. Math. Phys. 16, 10–24 (1976).

[CrossRef]

V. Lebedev, “Values of the nodes and weights of ninth to seventeenth order Gauss–Markov quadrature formulae invariant under the octahedron group with inversion,” USSR Comput. Math. Math. Phys. 15, 44–51 (1975).

[CrossRef]

E. E. Lewis and W. F. Miller, Computational Methods of Neutron Transport (Wiley, 1984).

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647–2650 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Longoni, A. Haghighat, C. Yi, and G. E. Sjoden, “Benchmarking of PENTRAN-SSN parallel transport code and fast preconditioning algorithm using the VENUS-2 MOX-fueled benchmark problem,” J. ASTM Int. 3, 321–330 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

T. A. Wareing, J. M. McGhee, J. E. Morel, and S. D. Pautz, “Discontinuous finite element SN methods on three-dimensional unstructured grids,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 138, 256–268 (2001).

E. E. Lewis and W. F. Miller, Computational Methods of Neutron Transport (Wiley, 1984).

T. A. Wareing, J. M. McGhee, J. E. Morel, and S. D. Pautz, “Discontinuous finite element SN methods on three-dimensional unstructured grids,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 138, 256–268 (2001).

A. Nicholls and B. Honig, “A rapid finite difference algorithm utilizing successive over-relaxation to solve the Poisson-Boltzmann equation,” J. Comput. Chem. 12, 435–445 (1991).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, “Fluorescence molecular imaging,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8, 1–33 (2006).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. D. Klose, V. Ntziachristos, and A. H. Hielscher, “The inverse source problem based on the radiative transfer equation in optical molecular imaging,” J. Comput. Phys. 202, 323–345(2005).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, LH. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. E. Graves, J. Ripoll, R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, “A submillimeter resolution fluorescence molecular imaging system for small animal imaging,” Med. Phys. 30, 901–911(2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. D. Aydin, C. R. E. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, “A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method,” Med. Phys. 29, 2013–2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

T. A. Wareing, J. M. McGhee, J. E. Morel, and S. D. Pautz, “Discontinuous finite element SN methods on three-dimensional unstructured grids,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 138, 256–268 (2001).

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Alexandrakis, F. R. Rannou, and A. F. Chatziioannou, “Tomographic bioluminescence imaging by use of a combined optical-PET (OPET) system: a computer simulation feasibility study,” Phys. Med. Biol. 50, 4225–4241 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, LH. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. E. Graves, J. Ripoll, R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, “A submillimeter resolution fluorescence molecular imaging system for small animal imaging,” Med. Phys. 30, 901–911(2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Rukolaine and V. S. Yuferev, “Discrete ordinates quadrature schemes based on the angular interpolation of radiation intensity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 69, 257–275(2001).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Ghita, G. Sjoden, and J. Baciak, “A Methodology for experimental and 3-D computational radiation transport assessments of Pu-Be neutron sources,” Nucl. Technol. 159, 319–331(2007).

G. Longoni, A. Haghighat, C. Yi, and G. E. Sjoden, “Benchmarking of PENTRAN-SSN parallel transport code and fast preconditioning algorithm using the VENUS-2 MOX-fueled benchmark problem,” J. ASTM Int. 3, 321–330 (2006).

[CrossRef]

V. Kucukboyaci, A. Haghighat, and G. E. Sjoden, “Performance of PENTRAN 3-D parallel particle transport code on the IBM SP2 and PCTRAN cluster,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 2131, 36–43 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Dogdas, D. Stout, A. Chatziioannou, and R. M. Leahy, “Digimouse: a 3D whole body mouse atlas from CT and cryosection data,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 577–587 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. N. Ren, J. M. Liang, X. C. Qu, J. F. Li, B. J. Lu, and J. Tian, “GPU-based Monte Carlo simulation for light propagation in complex heterogeneous tissues,” Opt. Express 18, 6811–6823(2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. L. Adams, T. A. Wareing, and W. F. Walters, “Characteristic methods in thick diffusive problems,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 130, 18–46 (1998).

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, LH. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. C. Rasmussen, A. Joshi, T. Pan, T. Wareing, J. McGhee, and E. M. Sevick-Muraca, “Radiative transport in fluorescence-enhanced frequency-domain photon migration,” Med. Phys. 33, 4685–4700 (2006).

[CrossRef]

T. A. Wareing, J. M. McGhee, J. E. Morel, and S. D. Pautz, “Discontinuous finite element SN methods on three-dimensional unstructured grids,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 138, 256–268 (2001).

M. L. Adams, T. A. Wareing, and W. F. Walters, “Characteristic methods in thick diffusive problems,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 130, 18–46 (1998).

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, LH. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 313–320 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. E. Graves, J. Ripoll, R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, “A submillimeter resolution fluorescence molecular imaging system for small animal imaging,” Med. Phys. 30, 901–911(2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9, 123–128 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Longoni, A. Haghighat, C. Yi, and G. E. Sjoden, “Benchmarking of PENTRAN-SSN parallel transport code and fast preconditioning algorithm using the VENUS-2 MOX-fueled benchmark problem,” J. ASTM Int. 3, 321–330 (2006).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2647–2650 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. A. Rukolaine and V. S. Yuferev, “Discrete ordinates quadrature schemes based on the angular interpolation of radiation intensity,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 69, 257–275(2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Gao and H. K. Zhao, “A fast forward solver of radiative transfer equation,” Transp. Theory Stat. Phys. 38, 149–192(2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, “MCML-Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131–146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, W. Cong, Y. Li, W. Han, D. Kumar, X. Qian, H. Shen, M. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Cheng, J. Tian, Y. Lv, H. Li, and J. Luo. “Recent development in bioluminescence tomography,” Curr. Med. Imaging Rev. 2, 453–457 (2006).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, “Fluorescence molecular imaging,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 8, 1–33 (2006).

[CrossRef]
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