Abstract

A spatial axisymmetric finite element model of single-crystal silicon irradiated by a 1064nm millisecond laser is used to investigate the thermal stress damage induced by a millisecond laser. The transient temperature field and the thermal stress field for 2ms laser irradiation with a laser fluence of 254J/cm2 are obtained. The numerical simulation results indicate that the hoop stresses along the r axis on the front surface are compressive stress within the laser spot and convert to tensile stress outside the laser spot, while the radial stresses along the r axis on the front surface and on the z axis are compressive stress. The temperature of the irradiated center is the highest temperature obtained, yet the stress is not always highest during laser irradiation. At the end of the laser irradiation, the maximal hoop stress is located at r=0.5mm and the maximal radial stress is located at r=0.76mm. The temperature measurement experiments are performed by IR pyrometer. The numerical result of the temperature field is consistent with the experimental result. The damage morphologies of silicon under the action of a 254J/cm2 laser are inspected by optical microscope. The cracks are observed initiating at r=0.5mm and extending along the radial direction.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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