Abstract

Four non-zero-dispersion-shifted fibers with almost the same large effective area (Aeff) and optimized dispersion properties are realized by novel index profile designing and modified vapor axial deposition and modified chemical vapor deposition processes. An Aeff of greater than 71μm2 is obtained for the designed fibers. Three of the developed fibers with positive dispersion are improved by reducing the 1550nm dispersion slope from 0.072ps/nm2/km to 0.063ps/nm2/km or 0.05ps/nm2/km, increasing the 1550nm dispersion from 4.972ps/nm/km to 5.679ps/nm/km or 7.776ps/nm/km, and shifting the zero-dispersion wavelength from 1500nm to 1450nm. One of these fibers is in good agreement with G655D and G.656 fibers simultaneously, and another one with G655E and G.656 fibers; both fibers are beneficial to high-bit long-haul dense wavelength division multiplexing systems over S-, C-, and L-bands. The fourth developed fiber with negative dispersion is also improved by reducing the 1550nm dispersion slope from 0.12ps/nm2/km to 0.085ps/nm2/km, increasing the 1550nm dispersion from 4ps/nm/km to 6.016ps/nm/km, providing facilities for a submarine transmission system. Experimental measurements indicate that the developed fibers all have excellent optical transmission and good macrobending and splice performances.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, C. Koebele1, and S. Bigo, “PDM-QPSK: on the system benefits arising from temporally interleaving polarization tributaries at 100 Gb/s,” Opt. Express 17, 19902–19907 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.
  3. M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.
  4. S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.
  5. J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
    [PubMed]
  6. A. Carena, G. Bosco, and V. Curri, “Coherent polarization-multiplexed formats: receiver requirements and mitigation of fiber non-linear effects,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper Mo.2.C.1.
  7. R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
    [PubMed]
  8. P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Okuno, T. Ooishi, and T. Kato, “Optimum dispersion of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber for high bit rate DWDM systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuH4-1.
  10. D. Peckham, A. E. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, “Reduced dispersion slope, non-zero dispersion fiber,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp. 139–140.
  11. Y. Liu and A. J. Antos, “Dispersion-shifted large-effective-area fiber for amplified high-capacity long-distance systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’97 (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 69–72.
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Suzuki and N. Edagawa, “Dispersion-managed high-capacity ultra-long-haul transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 916–929 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.
  14. K. Murasa, K. Imamura, and T. Yagi, “New type of positive medial dispersion fiber (P-MDF150) with dispersion as 10 ps/nm/km and Aeff about 150 μm2,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 149–150.
  15. X. Jiang and R. Wang, “Non-zero dispersion-shifted optical fiber with ultra-large effective area and low dispersion slope for terabit communication system,” Opt. Commun. 236, 69–74 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Yandong and J. Shuisheng, “Research on large effective area fiber,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 23, 126–130 (1999).
  17. L. Mingjun and A. Danied, “Optical transmission fiber design evolution,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1079–1092 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, and J. Zhou, “Intrinsic loss of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 319–331 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Yamauchi, M. Miyamoto, and T. Abiru, “Design and performance of Gaussian-profile dispersion-shifted fibers manufactured by VAD process,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 997–1004(1986).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Z. Liyong, W. Xingkun, and Y. Rongjin, “A differential iteration solution to chromatic dispersion of optical fibers,” Acta Photon. Sin. 11, 2079–2082 (2007).
  24. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Petermann, “Constraints for fundamental-mode spot size for broadband dispersion-compensated single-mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 712–714 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Optical loss property of silica-based single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 539–543 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Naka and S. Saito, “In-line amplifier transmission distance determined by self-phase modulation and group-velocity dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 280–287 (1994).
  28. A. Sarkar, “Trends in optical fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 404–410 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  29. Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.
  30. W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).
  31. S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.
  32. L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.
  35. Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

2011 (1)

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. Carena, G. Bosco, and V. Curri, “Coherent polarization-multiplexed formats: receiver requirements and mitigation of fiber non-linear effects,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper Mo.2.C.1.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

2009 (4)

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, C. Koebele1, and S. Bigo, “PDM-QPSK: on the system benefits arising from temporally interleaving polarization tributaries at 100 Gb/s,” Opt. Express 17, 19902–19907 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

Z. Liyong, W. Xingkun, and Y. Rongjin, “A differential iteration solution to chromatic dispersion of optical fibers,” Acta Photon. Sin. 11, 2079–2082 (2007).

2005 (1)

K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, and J. Zhou, “Intrinsic loss of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 319–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

X. Jiang and R. Wang, “Non-zero dispersion-shifted optical fiber with ultra-large effective area and low dispersion slope for terabit communication system,” Opt. Commun. 236, 69–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

K. Murasa, K. Imamura, and T. Yagi, “New type of positive medial dispersion fiber (P-MDF150) with dispersion as 10 ps/nm/km and Aeff about 150 μm2,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 149–150.

M. Suzuki and N. Edagawa, “Dispersion-managed high-capacity ultra-long-haul transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 916–929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

2002 (3)

S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

2001 (2)

T. Okuno, T. Ooishi, and T. Kato, “Optimum dispersion of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber for high bit rate DWDM systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuH4-1.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

1999 (4)

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

A. Sarkar, “Trends in optical fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 404–410 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

G. Yandong and J. Shuisheng, “Research on large effective area fiber,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 23, 126–130 (1999).

1998 (3)

D. Peckham, A. E. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, “Reduced dispersion slope, non-zero dispersion fiber,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp. 139–140.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

1997 (1)

Y. Liu and A. J. Antos, “Dispersion-shifted large-effective-area fiber for amplified high-capacity long-distance systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’97 (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 69–72.
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Naka and S. Saito, “In-line amplifier transmission distance determined by self-phase modulation and group-velocity dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 280–287 (1994).

1993 (1)

M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Optical loss property of silica-based single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 539–543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. Yamauchi, M. Miyamoto, and T. Abiru, “Design and performance of Gaussian-profile dispersion-shifted fibers manufactured by VAD process,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 997–1004(1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

K. Petermann, “Constraints for fundamental-mode spot size for broadband dispersion-compensated single-mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 712–714 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Abiru, T.

R. Yamauchi, M. Miyamoto, and T. Abiru, “Design and performance of Gaussian-profile dispersion-shifted fibers manufactured by VAD process,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 997–1004(1986).
[CrossRef]

Adelman, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Aikawa, K.

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

Alfiad, M. S.

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

Antos, A. J.

Y. Liu and A. J. Antos, “Dispersion-shifted large-effective-area fiber for amplified high-capacity long-distance systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’97 (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 69–72.
[CrossRef]

Arend, M.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Arya, V.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Asselin, S.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

Bakhshi, B.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Belanger, M.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

Bergano, N. S.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Bertaina, A.

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

Bertolini, M.

Bertran-Pardo, O.

Bickham, S.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

Bigo, S.

Bosco, G.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, and V. Curri, “Coherent polarization-multiplexed formats: receiver requirements and mitigation of fiber non-linear effects,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper Mo.2.C.1.

Campion, J.-F.

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, and V. Curri, “Coherent polarization-multiplexed formats: receiver requirements and mitigation of fiber non-linear effects,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper Mo.2.C.1.

Cartledge, J.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

Chai, Y.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Charlet, G.

Chen, C.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

Curri, V.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, and V. Curri, “Coherent polarization-multiplexed formats: receiver requirements and mitigation of fiber non-linear effects,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper Mo.2.C.1.

Danied, A.

Dany, B.

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

de Montmorillon, L.-A.

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

Downie, J. D.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

Duff, D. G.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Edagawa, N.

M. Suzuki and N. Edagawa, “Dispersion-managed high-capacity ultra-long-haul transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 916–929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Edvold, B.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Evangelides, S.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Fabiny, L.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Frisken, S.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Golovchenko, E. A.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Goto, K.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

Gray, D.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Grosso, G.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

Guoxiang, Q.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Haigang, W.

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harada, K.

S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

Harvey, G. T.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Heismann, F.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Himeno, K.

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.

Hirano, M.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Hurley, J.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

Ibragimov, E.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Imai, K.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Imamura, K.

K. Murasa, K. Imamura, and T. Yagi, “New type of positive medial dispersion fiber (P-MDF150) with dispersion as 10 ps/nm/km and Aeff about 150 μm2,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 149–150.

Jansen, S. L.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang and R. Wang, “Non-zero dispersion-shifted optical fiber with ultra-large effective area and low dispersion slope for terabit communication system,” Opt. Commun. 236, 69–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jindong, W.

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Judy, A. E.

D. Peckham, A. E. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, “Reduced dispersion slope, non-zero dispersion fiber,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp. 139–140.

Kato, T.

T. Okuno, T. Ooishi, and T. Kato, “Optimum dispersion of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber for high bit rate DWDM systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuH4-1.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Kawazawa, T.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

Kerfoot, F.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Keyuan, S.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Khatana, S.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Kidorf, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Knudsen, S. N.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

Koebele1, C.

Kummer, R. B.

D. Peckham, A. E. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, “Reduced dispersion slope, non-zero dispersion fiber,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp. 139–140.

Kuschnerov, M.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

Larsen, C. C.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Linfeng, D.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Liu, S.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu and A. J. Antos, “Dispersion-shifted large-effective-area fiber for amplified high-capacity long-distance systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’97 (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 69–72.
[CrossRef]

Liyong, Z.

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liyong, W. Xingkun, and Y. Rongjin, “A differential iteration solution to chromatic dispersion of optical fibers,” Acta Photon. Sin. 11, 2079–2082 (2007).

Lofland, R.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Ma, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Makio, Y.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Malouin, C.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Marcoccia, R.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Mardoyan, H.

Matsuo, S.

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.

Maybach, R.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Maybach, R. L.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Minghua, P.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Mingjun, L.

Mishra, S.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

Miyamoto, M.

R. Yamauchi, M. Miyamoto, and T. Abiru, “Design and performance of Gaussian-profile dispersion-shifted fibers manufactured by VAD process,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 997–1004(1986).
[CrossRef]

Murasa, K.

K. Murasa, K. Imamura, and T. Yagi, “New type of positive medial dispersion fiber (P-MDF150) with dispersion as 10 ps/nm/km and Aeff about 150 μm2,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 149–150.

Naka, A.

A. Naka and S. Saito, “In-line amplifier transmission distance determined by self-phase modulation and group-velocity dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 280–287 (1994).

Nakagawa, S.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

Napoli, A.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

Nishimura, M.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Nouchi, P.

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan, M.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

Ohashi, M.

M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Optical loss property of silica-based single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 539–543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, T. Ooishi, and T. Kato, “Optimum dispersion of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber for high bit rate DWDM systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuH4-1.

Onishi, M.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Ooishi, T.

T. Okuno, T. Ooishi, and T. Kato, “Optimum dispersion of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber for high bit rate DWDM systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuH4-1.

Patterson, W. W.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Peckham, D.

D. Peckham, A. E. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, “Reduced dispersion slope, non-zero dispersion fiber,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp. 139–140.

Pedersen, B.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, “Constraints for fundamental-mode spot size for broadband dispersion-compensated single-mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 712–714 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Puc, A.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Pulikkaseril, C.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Renaudier, J.

Roelens, M.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Rongjin, Y.

Z. Liyong, W. Xingkun, and Y. Rongjin, “A differential iteration solution to chromatic dispersion of optical fibers,” Acta Photon. Sin. 11, 2079–2082 (2007).

Saito, S.

A. Naka and S. Saito, “In-line amplifier transmission distance determined by self-phase modulation and group-velocity dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 280–287 (1994).

Salsi, M.

Sarkar, A.

A. Sarkar, “Trends in optical fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 404–410 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sasaoka, E.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Schmidt, T.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Shenyuan, S.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Shimada, N.

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

Shiraki, K.

M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Optical loss property of silica-based single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 539–543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shuisheng, J.

G. Yandong and J. Shuisheng, “Research on large effective area fiber,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 23, 126–130 (1999).

Sillard, P.

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

Simons, A. L.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki and N. Edagawa, “Dispersion-managed high-capacity ultra-long-haul transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 916–929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Taga, H.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, and J. Zhou, “Intrinsic loss of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 319–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Optical loss property of silica-based single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 539–543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, N.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Takshina, K.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

Tanigawa, S.

S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

Tateda, M.

M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

Tsujikawa, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, and J. Zhou, “Intrinsic loss of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 319–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vaa, M.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

van den Borne, D.

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

Veng, T.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

X. Jiang and R. Wang, “Non-zero dispersion-shifted optical fiber with ultra-large effective area and low dispersion slope for terabit communication system,” Opt. Commun. 236, 69–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wantong, L.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Ward, C.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

Weimin, L.

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wellbrock, G.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Wuth, T.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

Xiaopeng, H.

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xingkun, W.

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liyong, W. Xingkun, and Y. Rongjin, “A differential iteration solution to chromatic dispersion of optical fibers,” Acta Photon. Sin. 11, 2079–2082 (2007).

Yagi, T.

K. Murasa, K. Imamura, and T. Yagi, “New type of positive medial dispersion fiber (P-MDF150) with dispersion as 10 ps/nm/km and Aeff about 150 μm2,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 149–150.

Yamada, Y.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

Yamamoto, S.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

Yamauchi, R.

R. Yamauchi, M. Miyamoto, and T. Abiru, “Design and performance of Gaussian-profile dispersion-shifted fibers manufactured by VAD process,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 997–1004(1986).
[CrossRef]

Yandong, G.

G. Yandong and J. Shuisheng, “Research on large effective area fiber,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 23, 126–130 (1999).

Yokoyama, Y.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

Zhang, B.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

Zhiyong, P.

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Zhou, J.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, and J. Zhou, “Intrinsic loss of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 319–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

W. Jindong, W. Xingkun, L. Weimin, W. Haigang, Z. Liyong, and H. Xiaopeng, “Improved fiber design and fabrication of non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers,” Acta Opt. Sin. 29, 2692–2696 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Acta Photon. Sin. (1)

Z. Liyong, W. Xingkun, and Y. Rongjin, “A differential iteration solution to chromatic dispersion of optical fibers,” Acta Photon. Sin. 11, 2079–2082 (2007).

Ann. Telecommun. (1)

P. Nouchi, B. Dany, J.-F. Campion, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, and A. Bertaina, “Optical communication and fiber design,” Ann. Telecommun. 58, 1586–1602, DOI: 10.1007/BF03001219.
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga, and K. Goto, “25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM×10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2212–2213 (1999).

K. Petermann, “Constraints for fundamental-mode spot size for broadband dispersion-compensated single-mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 712–714 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Ohashi, M. Tateda, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Imperfection loss reduction in viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 812–814 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Tateda, M. Ohashi, K. Tajima, and K. Shiraki, “Design of viscosity-matched optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1023–1025 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

R. Yamauchi, M. Miyamoto, and T. Abiru, “Design and performance of Gaussian-profile dispersion-shifted fibers manufactured by VAD process,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 997–1004(1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki and N. Edagawa, “Dispersion-managed high-capacity ultra-long-haul transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 916–929 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, and K. Tajima, “Optical loss property of silica-based single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 539–543 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Naka and S. Saito, “In-line amplifier transmission distance determined by self-phase modulation and group-velocity dispersion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 280–287 (1994).

A. Sarkar, “Trends in optical fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 404–410 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Mingjun and A. Danied, “Optical transmission fiber design evolution,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1079–1092 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Jiang and R. Wang, “Non-zero dispersion-shifted optical fiber with ultra-large effective area and low dispersion slope for terabit communication system,” Opt. Commun. 236, 69–74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. Technol. (1)

G. Yandong and J. Shuisheng, “Research on large effective area fiber,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 23, 126–130 (1999).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, and J. Zhou, “Intrinsic loss of optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 319–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Study Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Jindong, P. Minghua, D. Linfeng, S. Keyuan, P. Zhiyong, S. Shenyuan, L. Wantong, and Q. Guoxiang, “AVCD process for producing optical fiber preform,” Study Opt. Commun. 117, 38–40 (2003, in Chinese).

Other (17)

S. Matsuo, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “New medium-dispersion fiber with large effective area and low dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’02 (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 329–330.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. N. Knudsen, T. Veng, B. Edvold, and C. C. Larsen, “Design and manufacture of dispersion compensating fibre for simultaneous compensation of dispersion and dispersion slope,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication OFC/IOOC’99 (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM132-1.
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gbit/s transmission over 10850 km using large core transmission fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’98 (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17.
[CrossRef]

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, and N. S. Bergano, “Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WF5.

Y. Yokoyama, T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, E. Sasaoka, Y. Makio, and M. Nishimura, “Practically feasible dispersion flattened fibers produced by VAD technique,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp 20–24.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, N. Shimada, S. Tanigawa, K. Himeno, and K. Harada, “Non-linearity suppressed fiber link of large-effective-area medium dispersion fiber and dispersion compensation fiber,” in Proceedings of the 28th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2002 (ECOC, 2002), paper 3.2.4.

K. Murasa, K. Imamura, and T. Yagi, “New type of positive medial dispersion fiber (P-MDF150) with dispersion as 10 ps/nm/km and Aeff about 150 μm2,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’03 (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 149–150.

D. van den Borne, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “POLMUX-QPSK modulation and coherent detection: the challenge of long-haul 100G transmission,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2009 (ECOC, 2009), paper 3.4.1.

M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, M. Kuschnerov, G. Grosso, A. Napoli, and H. de Waardt, “111 Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over LEAF: optical versus electrical dispersion compensation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2009 (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThR4.

S. Gringeri, R. Egorov, B. Basch, G. Wellbrock, B. Zhang, C. Malouin, S. Liu, E. Ibragimov, S. Khatana, R. Lofland, R. Marcoccia, T. Schmidt, C. Pulikkaseril, M. Roelens, L. Fabiny, and S. Frisken, “Real-time 127 Gb/s coherent PM-QPSK transmission over 1000 km NDSF with >10 cascaded 50 GHz ROADMs,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC2010), paper P 4.09.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Bickham, and S. Mishra, “Transmission of 112 Gb/s PM-QPSK signals over 7200 km of optical fiber with very large effective area and ultra-low loss in 100 km spans with EDFAs only,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMI6.
[PubMed]

A. Carena, G. Bosco, and V. Curri, “Coherent polarization-multiplexed formats: receiver requirements and mitigation of fiber non-linear effects,” in Proceedings of the 36th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC 2010 (ECOC, 2010), paper Mo.2.C.1.

R. Chen, M. O’Sullivan, C. Ward, S. Asselin, and M. Belanger, “Next generation transmission fiber for coherent systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication, collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OFC/NFOEC 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OTuI1.
[PubMed]

T. Okuno, T. Ooishi, and T. Kato, “Optimum dispersion of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber for high bit rate DWDM systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’01 (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuH4-1.

D. Peckham, A. E. Judy, and R. B. Kummer, “Reduced dispersion slope, non-zero dispersion fiber,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC’98 (ECOC, 1998), pp. 139–140.

Y. Liu and A. J. Antos, “Dispersion-shifted large-effective-area fiber for amplified high-capacity long-distance systems,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference OFC’97 (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 69–72.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Prototype refractive index profile of fabricated fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Impact on transmission characteristics of proposed refractive index profile: (a) curve parameter α and (b) its normalized difference Δ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Material, waveguide dispersion, and total dispersion as a function of wavelength for the fabricated fibers #1 and #2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CD of the improved fiber and NZ-DSF standardization of ITU-T: (a) fiber #3, G655D (2009 edition) and G.656 (2006 edition) and (b) fiber #4, G.655E (2009 edition) and G.656 (2006 edition).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of dispersion and A eff management map of a hybrid fiber span using developed fiber #2 for submarine systems: (a) hybrid fiber span configuration, (b) accumulated CD of different fiber length ratio of links assuming 50 km span, (c) accumulated CD deviation from 1530 to 1565 nm , and (d)  A eff management of links.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Radius of Different Layers in the Fiber Cross Section (unit μm )

Tables Icon

Table 2 Delta of Different Layers in the Fiber Cross Section a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Typical Transmission Characteristics of the Fabricated Fibers

Tables Icon

Table 4 Average 1550 nm Splice Loss of Fabricated Fibers Using Commercially Available, Mass-Fiber Fusion Splicer and Bidirectional OTDR Measurements

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n ( r ) = { n 1 | r | R 1 n 2 1 2 Δ ( r R 1 R 2 R 1 ) α R 1 < | r | R 2 n 3 R 2 < | r | R 3 n 4 R 3 < | r | R 4 n 5 R 4 < | r | R 5 n 0 R 5 < | r | R 6 .
A eff = 2 π [ 0 | ψ ( r ) | 2 r d r ] 2 0 | ψ ( r ) 4 | r d r ,
d o 2 = 8 0 ψ 2 ( r ) r d r 0 [ d ψ ( r ) d r ] 2 r d r .
D total = D m + D wg .
D m ( λ ) = λ z c i = 1 L Γ i d 2 n i d λ 2 ,
n = 1 + B 1 λ 2 λ 2 C 1 + B 2 λ 2 λ 2 C 2 + B 3 λ 2 λ 2 C 3 .
D wg = z c λ d 2 n eff d λ 2 .
α R ( λ ) = 1 λ 4 0 A ( r ) P ( r ) r d r 0 P ( r ) r d r ,

Metrics