Abstract

We describe the synthesis of a dye based on a perylene perinone and evaluate its potential as the functional material for use in the luminescent solar concentrator (LSC). The dye extends the absorption wavelength of LSCs using the perylene-based dye Lumogen Red 305 by more than 50nm, translating into the collection of potentially 25% more photons at a reasonable fluorescent quantum yield and photostability. When the new perinone is used in a two-waveguide LSC in conjunction with Red 305, the integrated edge emission of the total LSC system may be increased more than 24% when compared to the Red 305 dye alone.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. G. van Sark, K. W. J. Barnham, L. H. Slooff, A. J. Chatten, A. Büchtemann, A. Meyer, S. J. McCormack, R. Koole, D. J. Farrell, R. Bose, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, J. Quilitz, M. Kennedy, T. Meyer, C. Donega, A. Meijerink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Luminescent solar concentrators—a review of recent results,” Opt. Express 16, 21773–21792(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. H. Weber and J. Lambe, “Luminescant greenhouse collector for solar radiation,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2299–2300(1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, and T. Cole, “Luminescent solar concentrators. 1: theory of operation and techniques for performance evaluation,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3090–3110 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, and T. Cole, “Luminescent solar concentrators. 2. experimental and theoretical analysis of their possible efficiencies,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3733–3754 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Seybold and G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigm. 11, 303–317 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. R. Wilson and B. S. Richards, “Measurement method for photoluminescent quantum yields of fluorescent organic dyes in polymethyl methacrylate for luminescent solar concentrators,” Appl. Opt. 48, 212–220 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K.-Y. Law, “Organic photoconductive materials: recent trends and developments,” Chem. Rev. 93, 449–486 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Nagao, “Synthesis and properties of perylene pigments,” Prog. Org. Coat. 31, 43–49 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, “An improved experimental determination of external photoluminescence quantum efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 9, 230–232 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. G. Debije, J.-P. Teunissen, M. J. Kastelijn, P. P. C. Verbunt, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 93, 1345–1350 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. G. Debije, P. P. C. Verbunt, B. C. Rowan, B. S. Richards, and T. L. Hoeks, “Measured surface loss from luminescent solar concentrator waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6763–6768(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. E. Pickett, “Highly predictive accelerated weathering of engineering thermoplastics,” Material Testing Product and Technology News 35(73), 2–11 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Haremsa, “Naphthalimide dyes and pigments,” in Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2005), p. 8.

2010 (1)

S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

M. G. Debije, J.-P. Teunissen, M. J. Kastelijn, P. P. C. Verbunt, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 93, 1345–1350 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wilson and B. S. Richards, “Measurement method for photoluminescent quantum yields of fluorescent organic dyes in polymethyl methacrylate for luminescent solar concentrators,” Appl. Opt. 48, 212–220 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. E. Pickett, “Highly predictive accelerated weathering of engineering thermoplastics,” Material Testing Product and Technology News 35(73), 2–11 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

Y. Nagao, “Synthesis and properties of perylene pigments,” Prog. Org. Coat. 31, 43–49 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, “An improved experimental determination of external photoluminescence quantum efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 9, 230–232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K.-Y. Law, “Organic photoconductive materials: recent trends and developments,” Chem. Rev. 93, 449–486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. Seybold and G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigm. 11, 303–317 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1979 (1)

1976 (1)

Bakker, N. J.

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barnham, K. W. J.

Bastiaansen, C. W. M.

M. G. Debije, J.-P. Teunissen, M. J. Kastelijn, P. P. C. Verbunt, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 93, 1345–1350 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Batchelder, J. S.

Baumberg, I.

I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
[CrossRef]

Beeby, A.

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bende, E. E.

Berezin, O.

I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
[CrossRef]

Bösch, A.

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bose, R.

Brabkin, A.

I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
[CrossRef]

Büchtemann, A.

L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
[CrossRef]

W. G. van Sark, K. W. J. Barnham, L. H. Slooff, A. J. Chatten, A. Büchtemann, A. Meyer, S. J. McCormack, R. Koole, D. J. Farrell, R. Bose, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, J. Quilitz, M. Kennedy, T. Meyer, C. Donega, A. Meijerink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Luminescent solar concentrators—a review of recent results,” Opt. Express 16, 21773–21792(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Budel, T.

Burgers, A. R.

W. G. van Sark, K. W. J. Barnham, L. H. Slooff, A. J. Chatten, A. Büchtemann, A. Meyer, S. J. McCormack, R. Koole, D. J. Farrell, R. Bose, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, J. Quilitz, M. Kennedy, T. Meyer, C. Donega, A. Meijerink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Luminescent solar concentrators—a review of recent results,” Opt. Express 16, 21773–21792(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chatten, A. J.

Cole, T.

Danz, R.

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Mello, J. C.

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, “An improved experimental determination of external photoluminescence quantum efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 9, 230–232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Debije, M. G.

M. G. Debije, J.-P. Teunissen, M. J. Kastelijn, P. P. C. Verbunt, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 93, 1345–1350 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Debije, P. P. C. Verbunt, B. C. Rowan, B. S. Richards, and T. L. Hoeks, “Measured surface loss from luminescent solar concentrator waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6763–6768(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dimroth, F.

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Do, J. Y.

S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Donega, C.

Dunlop, E. D.

L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, D. J.

Friend, R. H.

J. C. de Mello, H. F. Wittmann, and R. H. Friend, “An improved experimental determination of external photoluminescence quantum efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 9, 230–232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gal, Y.-S.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glunz, S. W.

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goldschmidt, J. C.

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gorelik, B.

I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
[CrossRef]

Haremsa, S.

S. Haremsa, “Naphthalimide dyes and pigments,” in Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2005), p. 8.

Helmers, H.

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hoeks, T. L.

Holland, A.

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, H.-H.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.-H.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kastelijn, M. J.

M. G. Debije, J.-P. Teunissen, M. J. Kastelijn, P. P. C. Verbunt, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 93, 1345–1350 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, C.

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, M.

Kenny, R. P.

L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. G.

S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-K.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-R.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kinderman, R.

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kogan, L.

I. Baumberg, O. Berezin, A. Brabkin, B. Gorelik, L. Kogan, M. Vaskobojnik, and M. Zaidman, “Effect of polymer matrix on photo-stability of photo-luminescent dyes in multi-layer polymeric structures,” Polym. Deg. Stab. 73, 403–410(2001).
[CrossRef]

Koole, R.

Lambe, J.

Law, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Law, “Organic photoconductive materials: recent trends and developments,” Chem. Rev. 93, 449–486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. W.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-K.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maheswara, M.

S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McCormack, S. J.

Meijerink, A.

Meyer, A.

Meyer, T.

Monkman, A. P.

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagao, Y.

Y. Nagao, “Synthesis and properties of perylene pigments,” Prog. Org. Coat. 31, 43–49 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S. H.

S. H. Oh, B. G. Kim, S. J. Yun, M. Maheswara, K. Kim, and J. Y. Do, “The synthesis of symmetric and asymmetric perylene derivatives and their optical properties,” Dyes Pigm. 85, 37–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pålsson, L.-O.

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peters, M.

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pickett, J. E.

J. E. Pickett, “Highly predictive accelerated weathering of engineering thermoplastics,” Material Testing Product and Technology News 35(73), 2–11 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Porrès, L.

L. Porrès, A. Holland, L.-O. Pålsson, A. P. Monkman, C. Kemp, and A. Beeby, “Absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields of solutions using an integrating sphere,” J. Fluor. 16, 267–273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pravettoni, M.

L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
[CrossRef]

Quilitz, J.

Richards, B. S.

Rowan, B. C.

Seybold, G.

G. Seybold and G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigm. 11, 303–317 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shin, W. S.

W. S. Shin, H.-H. Jeong, M.-K. Kim, S.-H. Jin, M.-R. Kim, J.-K. Lee, J. W. Lee, and Y.-S. Gal, “Effects of functional groups at perylene diimide derivatives on organic photovoltaic device application,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, 384–390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slooff, L. H.

L. H. Slooff, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, M. Pravettoni, R. P. Kenny, E. D. Dunlop, and A. Büchtemann, “A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 2, 257–259(2008).
[CrossRef]

W. G. van Sark, K. W. J. Barnham, L. H. Slooff, A. J. Chatten, A. Büchtemann, A. Meyer, S. J. McCormack, R. Koole, D. J. Farrell, R. Bose, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, J. Quilitz, M. Kennedy, T. Meyer, C. Donega, A. Meijerink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Luminescent solar concentrators—a review of recent results,” Opt. Express 16, 21773–21792(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kinderman, L. H. Slooff, A. R. Burgers, N. J. Bakker, A. Büchtemann, R. Danz, and J. A. M. van Roosmalen, “I-V performance and stability study of dyes for luminescent plate concentrators,” J. Sol. Energ. 129, 277–282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Teunissen, J.-P.

M. G. Debije, J.-P. Teunissen, M. J. Kastelijn, P. P. C. Verbunt, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “The effect of a scattering layer on the edge output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 93, 1345–1350 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van Roosmalen, J. A. M.

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Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells (1)

J. C. Goldschmidt, M. Peters, A. Bösch, H. Helmers, F. Dimroth, S. W. Glunz, and G. P. Willeke, “Increasing the efficiency of fluorescent concentrator systems,” Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 176–182 (2009).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the measurement of waveguide edge emission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

General synthesis pathway of the perylene perinones.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorbance (solid curves) and edge emission (dotted curves) spectra of two nonylphenol-filled plates containing 35.5 (dark blue curves) and 250 (light blue curves) ppm dye and of a Red 305 [7]-filled plate (red curves) containing 79 ppm dye.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Integrated edge emission ( 350 850 nm ) of the perylene perinone nonylphenol 5 cm × 5 cm × 0.3 cm waveguides with absorbing black (filled symbols) and scattering white (open symbols) backgrounds.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Integrated emission ( 350 850 nm ) determined for two-waveguide systems with blank polycarbonate (filled circles) and perylene perinones of absorbance 0.37 (filled square), 1.25 (open triangle), 2.04 (filled triangle), and 3.55 (open circle) as the base waveguide and Red 305 waveguides of varying absorbance as the top waveguide.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photophysical Parameters and Decomposition Temperatures of the Perylene Perinones

Tables Icon

Table 2 Integrated Output for Red 305 Samples on Blank Polycarbonate Bottom Waveguide and Fractional Increase of Red 305 Top/Perinone Bottom Stacks Compared to Output of Red 305 Top/Blank Polycarbonate Bottom Waveguide Stack

Tables Icon

Table 3 Fractional Change of Perinone Top/Red 305 Bottom Stacks Compared to Identical Waveguides with Red 305 Top/Perinone Bottom

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