In this paper, we introduce the radial basis function (RBF) interpolation method to electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI) and propose the RBF interpolation method to obtain unwrapped phase values based on a skeleton map. Because of the excellent approximation properties of the RBF interpolation, the proposed method can extract accurate phase values from a single fringe pattern effectively, even using a simple mean filter as preprocessing. Using our method, both special filtering methods for ESPI fringes as preprocessing and postprocessing, including a dilatation and erosion algorithm for pruning and connecting and the smooth algorithm for improving the phase values are not needed. We test our method on a computer-simulated and two experimentally obtained poor-quality fringe patterns. The results have demonstrated that our RBF interpolation method works well even under a seriously disconnected skeleton map where it is impossible to apply the widely used, Matlab function grid data interpolation or the backpropagation neural networks method [Appl. Opt. 46, 7475 (2007)].
© 2011 Optical Society of America
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