Abstract

Longitudinal spatial coherence (LSC) is determined by the spatial frequency content of an optical beam. The use of lenses with a high numerical aperture (NA) in full-field optical coherence tomography and a narrowband light source makes the LSC length much shorter than the temporal coherence length, hence suggesting that high-resolution 3D images of biological and multilayered samples can be obtained based on the low LSC. A simplified model is derived, supported by experimental results, which describes the expected interference output signal of multilayered samples when high-NA lenses are used together with a narrowband light source. An expression for the correction factor for the layer thickness determination is found valid for high-NA objectives. Additionally, the method was applied to a strongly scattering layer, demonstrating the potential of this method for high-resolution imaging of scattering media.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

M. S. Hrebesh, R. Dabu, and M. Sato, “In vivo imaging of dynamic biological specimen by real-time single-shot full-field optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Commun. 282, 674–683(2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

I. Abdulhalim, “Competence between spatial and temporal coherence in full field optical coherence tomography and interference microscopy,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 952–958(2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubois, G. Moneron, and C. Boccara, “Thermal-light full-field optical coherence tomography in the 1.2 μm wavelength region,” Opt. Commun. 266, 738–743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Y. Oh, B. E. Bouma, N. Iftimia, S. H. Yun, R. Yelin, and G. J. Tearney, “Ultrahigh-resolution full-field optical coherence microscopy using InGaAs camera,” Opt. Express 14, 726–735(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

S. H. Wiersma and T. D. Visser, “Defocusing of converging electromagnetic wave by a plane dielectric interface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 320–325 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Gale, M. I. Pether, and J. C. Dainty, “Linnik microscope imaging of integrated circuit structures,” Appl. Opt. 35, 131–148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

S. Hell, G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, “Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index,” J. Microsc. 169, 391–405 (1993).

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

M. Davidson, K. Kaufman, I. Mazor, and F. Cohen, “An application of interference microscopy to integrated circuit inspection and metrology,” Proc. SPIE 775, 233–247 (1987).

Abdulhalim, I.

I. Abdulhalim, “Competence between spatial and temporal coherence in full field optical coherence tomography and interference microscopy,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 952–958(2006).
[CrossRef]

Akiba, M.

Beaurepaire, E.

Benattar, L.

Blanchot, L.

Boccara, A. C.

Boccara, C.

A. Dubois, G. Moneron, and C. Boccara, “Thermal-light full-field optical coherence tomography in the 1.2 μm wavelength region,” Opt. Commun. 266, 738–743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubois, K. Grieve, G. Moneron, R. Lecaque, L. Vabre, and C. Boccara, “Ultrahigh-resolution full-field optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2874–2883 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bouma, B. E.

Chan, K. P.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chim, S. S. C.

Cohen, F.

M. Davidson, K. Kaufman, I. Mazor, and F. Cohen, “An application of interference microscopy to integrated circuit inspection and metrology,” Proc. SPIE 775, 233–247 (1987).

Colonna de Lega, X.

Cremer, C.

S. Hell, G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, “Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index,” J. Microsc. 169, 391–405 (1993).

Dabu, R.

M. S. Hrebesh, R. Dabu, and M. Sato, “In vivo imaging of dynamic biological specimen by real-time single-shot full-field optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Commun. 282, 674–683(2009).
[CrossRef]

Dainty, J. C.

Davidson, M.

M. Davidson, K. Kaufman, I. Mazor, and F. Cohen, “An application of interference microscopy to integrated circuit inspection and metrology,” Proc. SPIE 775, 233–247 (1987).

de Groot, P.

De Martino, A.

Drévillon, B.

Dubois, A.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gale, D.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996), pp. 77–78 and 157–158.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Grieve, K.

Hayasaka, Y.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hell, S.

S. Hell, G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, “Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index,” J. Microsc. 169, 391–405 (1993).

Hrebesh, M. S.

M. S. Hrebesh, R. Dabu, and M. Sato, “In vivo imaging of dynamic biological specimen by real-time single-shot full-field optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Commun. 282, 674–683(2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Iftimia, N.

Kaufman, K.

M. Davidson, K. Kaufman, I. Mazor, and F. Cohen, “An application of interference microscopy to integrated circuit inspection and metrology,” Proc. SPIE 775, 233–247 (1987).

Kim, M. K.

Kino, G. S.

Laude, B.

Lebec, M.

Lecaque, R.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lobachev, M.

Lyakin, D.

Mazor, I.

M. Davidson, K. Kaufman, I. Mazor, and F. Cohen, “An application of interference microscopy to integrated circuit inspection and metrology,” Proc. SPIE 775, 233–247 (1987).

Moneron, G.

Oh, W. Y.

Pether, M. I.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reiner, G.

S. Hell, G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, “Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index,” J. Microsc. 169, 391–405 (1993).

Rosen, J.

Ryabukho, V.

Saint-Jalmes, H.

Sato, M.

M. S. Hrebesh, R. Dabu, and M. Sato, “In vivo imaging of dynamic biological specimen by real-time single-shot full-field optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Commun. 282, 674–683(2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Watanabe, Y. Hayasaka, M. Sato, and N. Tanno, “Full-field optical coherence tomography by achromatic phase shifting with a rotating polarizer,” Appl. Opt. 44, 1387–1392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, L.

Stelzer, E. H. K.

S. Hell, G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, “Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index,” J. Microsc. 169, 391–405 (1993).

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Tanno, N.

Tearney, G. J.

Tomlins, P. H.

P. H. Tomlins and R. K. Wang, “Theory, developments and applications of optical coherence tomography,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 2519–2535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vabre, L.

Visser, T. D.

S. H. Wiersma and T. D. Visser, “Defocusing of converging electromagnetic wave by a plane dielectric interface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 320–325 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R. K.

P. H. Tomlins and R. K. Wang, “Theory, developments and applications of optical coherence tomography,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 2519–2535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, Y.

Wiersma, S. H.

S. H. Wiersma and T. D. Visser, “Defocusing of converging electromagnetic wave by a plane dielectric interface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 320–325 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, R.

Yu, L.

Yun, S. H.

Appl. Opt. (8)

J. Microsc. (1)

S. Hell, G. Reiner, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, “Aberrations in confocal fluorescence microscopy induced by mismatches in refractive index,” J. Microsc. 169, 391–405 (1993).

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

I. Abdulhalim, “Competence between spatial and temporal coherence in full field optical coherence tomography and interference microscopy,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 952–958(2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

S. H. Wiersma and T. D. Visser, “Defocusing of converging electromagnetic wave by a plane dielectric interface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 320–325 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

P. H. Tomlins and R. K. Wang, “Theory, developments and applications of optical coherence tomography,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38, 2519–2535 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. S. Hrebesh, R. Dabu, and M. Sato, “In vivo imaging of dynamic biological specimen by real-time single-shot full-field optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Commun. 282, 674–683(2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubois, G. Moneron, and C. Boccara, “Thermal-light full-field optical coherence tomography in the 1.2 μm wavelength region,” Opt. Commun. 266, 738–743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Davidson, K. Kaufman, I. Mazor, and F. Cohen, “An application of interference microscopy to integrated circuit inspection and metrology,” Proc. SPIE 775, 233–247 (1987).

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996), pp. 77–78 and 157–158.

W.Krug, J.Rienitz, and G.Schultz, eds., Contributions to Interference Microscopy (Hilger & Watts, 1964).

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