Abstract

Relationships between the satellite-derived diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance (Kd) and airborne-based vertical attenuation of lidar volume backscattering (α) were examined in two coastal environments. At 1.1km resolution and a wavelength of 532nm, we found a greater connection between α and Kd when α was computed below 2m depth (Spearman rank correlation coefficient up to 0.96), and a larger contribution of Kd to α with respect to the beam attenuation coefficient as estimated from lidar measurements and Kd models. Our results suggest that concurrent passive and active optical measurements can be used to estimate total scattering coefficient and backscattering efficiency in waters without optical vertical structure.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2010 (4)

Ø. Varpe and Ø. Fiksen, “Seasonal plankton-fish interactions: light regime, prey phenology, and herring foraging,” Ecology 91, 311–318 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, “Lidar signature from bubbles in the sea,” Opt. Express 18, 8294–8299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, and D. J. Burdige, “Optics and remote sensing of Bahamian carbonate sediment whiting and potential relationship to wind-driven Langmuir circulation,” Biogeosciences 6, 487–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

J. H. Churnside and J. J. Wilson, “Ocean color inferred from radiometers on low-flying aircraft,” Sensors 8, 860–876 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Kopelevich and A. G. Surkov, “Mathematical modeling of the input signals of oceanographic lidars,” J. Opt. Technol. 75, 321–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, “Polarization effects on oceanographic lidar,” Opt. Express 16, 1196–1207 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. D’Sa and D. S. Ko, “Short-term influences on suspended particulate matter distribution in the northern Gulf of Mexico: satellite and model observations,” Sensors 8, 4249–4264(2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

Z. Lee, K. P. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C02016 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Wang, E. S. Boss, and C. Roesler, “Uncertainties of inherent optical properties obtained from semianalytical inversions of ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 44, 4074–4085 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

J. R. Zanaveld and S. Pegau, “Robust underwater visibility parameter,” Opt. Express 11, 2997–3009 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, S. Alvarez-Borego, and A. Giles-Guzmán, “Horizontal sighting range and Sechii depth as estimators of underwater PAR attenuation in a coastal lagoon,” Estuaries 26, 1302–1309 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. H. Churnside, J. J. Wilson, and V. V. Tatarski, “Airborne lidar for fisheries application,” Opt. Eng. 40, 406–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

R. E. Walker and J. W. McLean, “Lidar equations for turbid media with pulse stretching,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2384–2397(1999).
[Crossref]

K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, and S. K. Hawes, “Semianalytical Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403–5421 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

R. P. Dunne and B. E. Brown, “Penetration of solar UVB radiation in shallow tropical waters and its potential biological effects on coral reefs; results from the central Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 144, 109–118 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Volume scattering function, average cosines, and the underwater light field,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 36, 455–467(1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of relationship between inherent and apparent optical properties of water and solar altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350–356 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

Alvarez-Borego, S.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, S. Alvarez-Borego, and A. Giles-Guzmán, “Horizontal sighting range and Sechii depth as estimators of underwater PAR attenuation in a coastal lagoon,” Estuaries 26, 1302–1309 (2003).
[Crossref]

Arnone, R.

Z. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, K. P. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C02016 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, B. Lubac, J. Werdell, and R. Arnone, “An update of the quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA_v5),” in International Ocean Color Group Software Report (2009), www.ioccg.org/groups/Software_OCA.

Arnone, R. A.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baker, K. S.

Boss, E. S.

Brown, B. E.

R. P. Dunne and B. E. Brown, “Penetration of solar UVB radiation in shallow tropical waters and its potential biological effects on coral reefs; results from the central Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 144, 109–118 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brown, E.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

Burdige, D. J.

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, and D. J. Burdige, “Optics and remote sensing of Bahamian carbonate sediment whiting and potential relationship to wind-driven Langmuir circulation,” Biogeosciences 6, 487–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

Canizzaro, J.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

Carder, K.

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

Carder, K. L.

K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, and S. K. Hawes, “Semianalytical Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403–5421 (1999).
[Crossref]

Carr, M. E.

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chen, F. R.

K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, and S. K. Hawes, “Semianalytical Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403–5421 (1999).
[Crossref]

Churnside, J. H.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, “Lidar signature from bubbles in the sea,” Opt. Express 18, 8294–8299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Churnside, “Polarization effects on oceanographic lidar,” Opt. Express 16, 1196–1207 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Churnside and J. J. Wilson, “Ocean color inferred from radiometers on low-flying aircraft,” Sensors 8, 860–876 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, J. J. Wilson, and V. V. Tatarski, “Airborne lidar for fisheries application,” Opt. Eng. 40, 406–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, V. T. Viatcheslav, and J. J. Wilson, “Oceanographic lidar attenuation coefficients and signal fluctuations measured from a ship in the Southern California Bight,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3105–3111 (1998).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

D’Sa, E. J.

E. J. D’Sa and D. S. Ko, “Short-term influences on suspended particulate matter distribution in the northern Gulf of Mexico: satellite and model observations,” Sensors 8, 4249–4264(2008).
[Crossref]

Davis, C.

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

Dierssen, H. M.

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, and D. J. Burdige, “Optics and remote sensing of Bahamian carbonate sediment whiting and potential relationship to wind-driven Langmuir circulation,” Biogeosciences 6, 487–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

Du, K. P.

Z. Lee, K. P. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C02016 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dunne, R. P.

R. P. Dunne and B. E. Brown, “Penetration of solar UVB radiation in shallow tropical waters and its potential biological effects on coral reefs; results from the central Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 144, 109–118 (1996).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G. C.

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

Fiksen, Ø.

Ø. Varpe and Ø. Fiksen, “Seasonal plankton-fish interactions: light regime, prey phenology, and herring foraging,” Ecology 91, 311–318 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foy, R.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

Foy, R. J.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

Freeman, S. A.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

Giles-Guzmán, A.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, S. Alvarez-Borego, and A. Giles-Guzmán, “Horizontal sighting range and Sechii depth as estimators of underwater PAR attenuation in a coastal lagoon,” Estuaries 26, 1302–1309 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gordon, H. R.

Gould, R. W.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haltrin, V. I.

V. I. Haltrin, M. E. Lee, V. I. Mankovsky, E. B. Shybanov, and A. D. Weidemann, “Integral properties of angular light scattering coefficient measured in various natural waters,” in Proceedings of the II International Conference Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I.Levin and G.Gilbert, eds. (2003), pp. 252–257.

Hawes, S. K.

K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, and S. K. Hawes, “Semianalytical Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403–5421 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

Huot, Y.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kindle, J.

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

Kirk, J. T. O.

J. T. O. Kirk, “Volume scattering function, average cosines, and the underwater light field,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 36, 455–467(1991).
[Crossref]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of relationship between inherent and apparent optical properties of water and solar altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350–356 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ko, D. S.

E. J. D’Sa and D. S. Ko, “Short-term influences on suspended particulate matter distribution in the northern Gulf of Mexico: satellite and model observations,” Sensors 8, 4249–4264(2008).
[Crossref]

Kopelevich, Y. I.

Lee, M. E.

V. I. Haltrin, M. E. Lee, V. I. Mankovsky, E. B. Shybanov, and A. D. Weidemann, “Integral properties of angular light scattering coefficient measured in various natural waters,” in Proceedings of the II International Conference Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I.Levin and G.Gilbert, eds. (2003), pp. 252–257.

Lee, Z.

Z. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, K. P. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C02016 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, B. Lubac, J. Werdell, and R. Arnone, “An update of the quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA_v5),” in International Ocean Color Group Software Report (2009), www.ioccg.org/groups/Software_OCA.

Lee, Z. P.

K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, and S. K. Hawes, “Semianalytical Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403–5421 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lewis, M. R.

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lubac, B.

Z. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Lee, B. Lubac, J. Werdell, and R. Arnone, “An update of the quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA_v5),” in International Ocean Color Group Software Report (2009), www.ioccg.org/groups/Software_OCA.

Mankovsky, V. I.

V. I. Haltrin, M. E. Lee, V. I. Mankovsky, E. B. Shybanov, and A. D. Weidemann, “Integral properties of angular light scattering coefficient measured in various natural waters,” in Proceedings of the II International Conference Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I.Levin and G.Gilbert, eds. (2003), pp. 252–257.

McClain, C.

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

McLean, J. W.

Montes-Hugo, M. A.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, S. Alvarez-Borego, and A. Giles-Guzmán, “Horizontal sighting range and Sechii depth as estimators of underwater PAR attenuation in a coastal lagoon,” Estuaries 26, 1302–1309 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pegau, S.

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. R. Zanaveld and S. Pegau, “Robust underwater visibility parameter,” Opt. Express 11, 2997–3009 (2003).
[Crossref]

Petzold, T. J.

T. J. Petzold, “Volume scattering functions for selected ocean waters,” SIO ref. 72–78, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, 1972.

Platt, T.

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
[Crossref]

Roesler, C.

Sathyendranath, S.

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shybanov, E. B.

V. I. Haltrin, M. E. Lee, V. I. Mankovsky, E. B. Shybanov, and A. D. Weidemann, “Integral properties of angular light scattering coefficient measured in various natural waters,” in Proceedings of the II International Conference Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I.Levin and G.Gilbert, eds. (2003), pp. 252–257.

Smith, R. C.

Stramski, D.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

Surkov, A. G.

Tatarski, V. V.

J. H. Churnside, J. J. Wilson, and V. V. Tatarski, “Airborne lidar for fisheries application,” Opt. Eng. 40, 406–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Twardowski, M. S.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

Varpe, Ø.

Ø. Varpe and Ø. Fiksen, “Seasonal plankton-fish interactions: light regime, prey phenology, and herring foraging,” Ecology 91, 311–318 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viatcheslav, V. T.

Walker, R. E.

Wang, M.

Wang, P.

Wayne, E.

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

Weidemann, A.

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

Weidemann, A. D.

V. I. Haltrin, M. E. Lee, V. I. Mankovsky, E. B. Shybanov, and A. D. Weidemann, “Integral properties of angular light scattering coefficient measured in various natural waters,” in Proceedings of the II International Conference Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I.Levin and G.Gilbert, eds. (2003), pp. 252–257.

Werdell, J.

Z. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49, 369–381(2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Lee, B. Lubac, J. Werdell, and R. Arnone, “An update of the quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA_v5),” in International Ocean Color Group Software Report (2009), www.ioccg.org/groups/Software_OCA.

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J. H. Churnside and J. J. Wilson, “Ocean color inferred from radiometers on low-flying aircraft,” Sensors 8, 860–876 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, J. J. Wilson, and V. V. Tatarski, “Airborne lidar for fisheries application,” Opt. Eng. 40, 406–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. H. Churnside, V. T. Viatcheslav, and J. J. Wilson, “Oceanographic lidar attenuation coefficients and signal fluctuations measured from a ship in the Southern California Bight,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3105–3111 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zanaveld, J. R.

Zimmerman, R. C.

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, and D. J. Burdige, “Optics and remote sensing of Bahamian carbonate sediment whiting and potential relationship to wind-driven Langmuir circulation,” Biogeosciences 6, 487–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (8)

Biogeosciences (1)

H. M. Dierssen, R. C. Zimmerman, and D. J. Burdige, “Optics and remote sensing of Bahamian carbonate sediment whiting and potential relationship to wind-driven Langmuir circulation,” Biogeosciences 6, 487–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

Biogeosciences Disc. (1)

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters,” Biogeosciences Disc. 4, 2441–2491 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ecology (1)

Ø. Varpe and Ø. Fiksen, “Seasonal plankton-fish interactions: light regime, prey phenology, and herring foraging,” Ecology 91, 311–318 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Estuaries (1)

M. A. Montes-Hugo, S. Alvarez-Borego, and A. Giles-Guzmán, “Horizontal sighting range and Sechii depth as estimators of underwater PAR attenuation in a coastal lagoon,” Estuaries 26, 1302–1309 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (4)

Z. Lee, A. Weidemann, J. Kindle, R. Arnone, K. Carder, and C. Davis, “Euphotic zone depth: its derivation and implication to ocean-color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, C03009(2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, K. P. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, C02016 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “The spectral irradiance field at the surface and in the interior of the ocean: a model for applications in oceanography and remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 9270–9280 (1988).
[Crossref]

K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, and S. K. Hawes, “Semianalytical Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403–5421 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

Limnol. Oceanogr. (2)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Volume scattering function, average cosines, and the underwater light field,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 36, 455–467(1991).
[Crossref]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of relationship between inherent and apparent optical properties of water and solar altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350–356 (1984).
[Crossref]

Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. (1)

R. P. Dunne and B. E. Brown, “Penetration of solar UVB radiation in shallow tropical waters and its potential biological effects on coral reefs; results from the central Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea,” Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 144, 109–118 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. R. Lewis, M. E. Carr, G. C. Feldman, E. Wayne, and C. McClain, “Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature 347, 543–545 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. H. Churnside, J. J. Wilson, and V. V. Tatarski, “Airborne lidar for fisheries application,” Opt. Eng. 40, 406–414 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Remote Sens. Environ. (2)

M. A. Montes-Hugo, J. H. Churnside, R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and R. Foy, “Spatial coherence between remotely sensed ocean color data and vertical distribution of lidar backscattering in coastal stratified waters,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 2584–2593 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. A. Montes-Hugo, K. Carder, R. J. Foy, J. Canizzaro, E. Brown, and S. Pegau, “Estimating phytoplankton biomass in coastal waters of Alaska using airborne remote sensing,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98, 481–493 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sensors (2)

J. H. Churnside and J. J. Wilson, “Ocean color inferred from radiometers on low-flying aircraft,” Sensors 8, 860–876 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. J. D’Sa and D. S. Ko, “Short-term influences on suspended particulate matter distribution in the northern Gulf of Mexico: satellite and model observations,” Sensors 8, 4249–4264(2008).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

T. J. Petzold, “Volume scattering functions for selected ocean waters,” SIO ref. 72–78, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, 1972.

V. I. Haltrin, M. E. Lee, V. I. Mankovsky, E. B. Shybanov, and A. D. Weidemann, “Integral properties of angular light scattering coefficient measured in various natural waters,” in Proceedings of the II International Conference Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I.Levin and G.Gilbert, eds. (2003), pp. 252–257.

Z. Lee, B. Lubac, J. Werdell, and R. Arnone, “An update of the quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA_v5),” in International Ocean Color Group Software Report (2009), www.ioccg.org/groups/Software_OCA.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geographic location of lidar surveys. (a) Eastern shelf of Afgonak/Kodiak Islands, (b) Western shelf off the Oregon/Washington coast. AK1 and OR1 are the airborne transects matching 1.1 km satellite ocean color data (white dots), land (white), and bathymetry with 1 / 30 deg resolution (color contours), missing data (black areas). Flight direction is indicated based on initial (s) and final (e) sampling locations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial coherence between satellite-derived K d ( 532 ) Method I and airborne-based α. (a) OR1; (b) AK1. For each comparison, α is the arithmetic mean within the satellite footprint (pink solid curve, left axis), a ( 532 ) (blue solid curve, left axis), K d ( 532 ) Method I (gray solid curve, left axis), and b b ( 532 ) (red solid curve, right axis), missing lidar data (hatched bars). To better illustrate K d ( 532 ) Method I α differences, error bars of a ( 532 ) and b b ( 532 ) are not shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Response of remote sensing reflectance ratios to variability of particle size distribution. R1, R rs ( 443 ) R rs ( 488 ) (left axis) and R2, R rs ( 670 ) / R rs ( 555 ) (right axis) are plotted as functions of particle size spectrum slope derived from Coulter counter (a) Multisizer III (γ) and (b) LISST (χ).

Tables (6)

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Table 1 List of Acronyms

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Table 2 Correlation Between Passive and Active Optical Properties in Oregon/Washington and Alaskan Coastal Waters a

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Table 3 Difference Between α and K d ( 532 ) Method II for Two Different Solar Zenith Angles a

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Table 4 Summary of Inherent Optical Properties Estimated from α and Eqs. (6, 7, 8) a

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Table 5 Statistical Relationships Between Particle Size Distribution and R rs Ratio Variability a

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Table 6 Influence of Particle Size Distribution on Spatial Variability of b ˜ b ( 532 ) a

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S ( ζ ) Q A rcv T atm 2 T aw 2 β ( π ) [ ( v / m ) / ( 2 m 2 ( H + ζ / m ) 2 ] exp ( 2 ζ ( a + b ) ) ,
S ( ζ ) Q A rcv T atm 2 T aw 2 β ( π ) [ ( v / m ) ( 2 m 2 ( H + ζ / m ) 2 ] exp ( 2 ζ α ) ,
exp ( ζ α ) exp ( ζ ( a + b ) ) + exp ( a ζ ) ( 1 exp ( b ζ ) ) / ( 1 + a σ 2 ( v / m ) / μ ) ,
K d ( 532 ) [ a ( 532 ) + b b ( 532 ) ] / μ 0 ,
K d ( 532 ) m 0 a ( 532 ) + m 1 b b ( 532 ) ( 1 m 2 exp ( m 3 a ( 532 ) ) ,
K d μ 0 1 ( a 2 + G ( μ 0 ) a b ) 0.5 ,
G ( μ 0 ) = 0.425 μ 0 0.19 for     0 z z ( 0.01 Ed ( 0 + ) ) ,
G ( μ 0 , μ ˜ S ) = μ 0 ( 2.636 / μ ˜ S 2.447 ) ( 0.849 / μ ˜ s 0.739 ) ,
μ ˜ S = 0.5 0 π β ( θ ˜ S ) cos θ S sin θ S d θ S ,
μ ˜ S = ( 1 4 b ˜ b 2 ) / ( 1.0144 + 2.6307 b ˜ b ) 1.2772 b ˜ b 2 ) , r 2 > 0.82 , 0.0022 < b ˜ b < 0.146.

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