Abstract

We present a depth fingerprint map to obtain three-dimensional (3D) spatial information from objects in a large deterministic background by active range-gated imaging, for night remote surveillance. This method first gives the depth fingerprint map of the region of interest in the background by gate viewing in the form of contour bands in range. The map is then embedded in the range-gated laser surveillance system. Finally, 3D spatial information such as target scale and location can be estimated by segmenting the target from the background and matching them with the depth fingerprint map. The measurement is performed by computer background processing. Therefore, the method has no influence on the frame rate of surveillance systems and can realize real-time surveillance. In this paper, the approach to acquisition of the depth fingerprint map is also demonstrated without an echo-broadening effect.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. Steinvall, P. Andersson, M. Elmqvist, and M. Tulldahl, “Overview of range gated imaging at FOI,” Proc. SPIE 6542, 654216 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Bonnier and V. Larochelle, “A range-gated active imaging system for search and rescue, and surveillance operations,” Proc. SPIE 2744, 134–145 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Repasi, P. Lutzmann, O. Steinvall, M. Elmqvist, B. Göhler, and G. Anstett, “Advanced short-wavelength infrared range-gated imaging for ground applications in monostatic and bistatic configurations,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5956–5969 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Busck and H. Heiselberg, “Gated viewing and high-accuracy three-dimensional laser radar,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4705–4710(2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Andersson, “Long-range three-dimensional imaging using range-gated laser radar images,” Opt. Eng. 45, 034301 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. C. Tsai, W. C. Wang, J. C. Wang, and J. F. Wang, “Long distance person identification using height measurement and face recognition,” in TENCON 2009 (IEEE, 2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Laurenzis, F. Christnacher, and D. Monnin, “Long-range three-dimensional active imaging with superresolution depth mapping,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3146–3148 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Jin, X. Sun, Y. Zhao, Y. Zhang, and L. Liu, “Gain-modulated three-dimensional active imaging with depth-independent depth accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3550–3552 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Laurenzis, F. Christnacher, and D. Monnin, “Long-range three-dimensional active imaging with superresolution depth mapping,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3146–3148 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Steinvall, P. Andersson, M. Elmqvist, and M. Tulldahl, “Overview of range gated imaging at FOI,” Proc. SPIE 6542, 654216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

P. Andersson, “Long-range three-dimensional imaging using range-gated laser radar images,” Opt. Eng. 45, 034301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Bonnier and V. Larochelle, “A range-gated active imaging system for search and rescue, and surveillance operations,” Proc. SPIE 2744, 134–145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, P.

O. Steinvall, P. Andersson, M. Elmqvist, and M. Tulldahl, “Overview of range gated imaging at FOI,” Proc. SPIE 6542, 654216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Andersson, “Long-range three-dimensional imaging using range-gated laser radar images,” Opt. Eng. 45, 034301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anstett, G.

Bonnier, D.

D. Bonnier and V. Larochelle, “A range-gated active imaging system for search and rescue, and surveillance operations,” Proc. SPIE 2744, 134–145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bramble, S.

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Busck, J.

Christnacher, F.

Compton, D.

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Criminisi, A.

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elmqvist, M.

Fan, S. T.

X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Göhler, B.

Gool, L. V.

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heiselberg, H.

Hwang, J. W.

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, C.

Larochelle, V.

D. Bonnier and V. Larochelle, “A range-gated active imaging system for search and rescue, and surveillance operations,” Proc. SPIE 2744, 134–145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laurenzis, M.

Lee, E. D.

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. J.

X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Liu, Y. L.

X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lutzmann, P.

Monnin, D.

Repasi, E.

Steinvall, O.

Sun, X.

Tark, H. O.

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H. C.

H. C. Tsai, W. C. Wang, J. C. Wang, and J. F. Wang, “Long distance person identification using height measurement and face recognition,” in TENCON 2009 (IEEE, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Tulldahl, M.

O. Steinvall, P. Andersson, M. Elmqvist, and M. Tulldahl, “Overview of range gated imaging at FOI,” Proc. SPIE 6542, 654216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. C.

H. C. Tsai, W. C. Wang, J. C. Wang, and J. F. Wang, “Long distance person identification using height measurement and face recognition,” in TENCON 2009 (IEEE, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. F.

H. C. Tsai, W. C. Wang, J. C. Wang, and J. F. Wang, “Long distance person identification using height measurement and face recognition,” in TENCON 2009 (IEEE, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. C.

H. C. Tsai, W. C. Wang, J. C. Wang, and J. F. Wang, “Long distance person identification using height measurement and face recognition,” in TENCON 2009 (IEEE, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. W.

X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, D. Y.

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, Y.

X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zisserman, A.

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Forensic Sci. Int. (1)

J. Lee, E. D. Lee, H. O. Tark, J. W. Hwang, and D. Y. Yoon, “Efficient height measurement method of surveillance camera image,” Forensic Sci. Int. 177, 17–23 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Andersson, “Long-range three-dimensional imaging using range-gated laser radar images,” Opt. Eng. 45, 034301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (4)

X. W. Wang, Y. Zhou, S. T. Fan, Y. L. Liu, and H. J. Liu, “Echo broadening effect in range-gated active imaging technique,” Proc. SPIE 7382, 738211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Steinvall, P. Andersson, M. Elmqvist, and M. Tulldahl, “Overview of range gated imaging at FOI,” Proc. SPIE 6542, 654216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Bonnier and V. Larochelle, “A range-gated active imaging system for search and rescue, and surveillance operations,” Proc. SPIE 2744, 134–145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Criminisi, A. Zisserman, L. V. Gool, S. Bramble, and D. Compton, “New approach to obtain height measurement from video,” Proc. SPIE 3576, 227–238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. C. Tsai, W. C. Wang, J. C. Wang, and J. F. Wang, “Long distance person identification using height measurement and face recognition,” in TENCON 2009 (IEEE, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of 3D measurement of targets under active range-gated imaging with DFM. (a) Background scene, (b) ROI, (c) DFM, (d) targets, (e) target extraction, (f) DFM matching.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Overlapping of fingerprint lines in DFM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Impact of echo-broadening effect on image slices.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results of spatial difference of images.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

DFM of ROI without overlapping.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental results of 3D measurement by DFM.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( X Y ) = Z f ( x y ) ,
S n , new = S n S n 1 S n + 1 ,
r n = Z n = R n + Δ R = [ τ 0 + ( n 1 ) t DFM ] c 2 + ( t DFM c 4 t L c 4 ) ( n = 1 , 2 , 3 ) ,
( x y ) = ( i 0 0 j ) ( u u 0 v 0 v ) ,
H A , n = Z n i f h A , n ,
δ H A , n = H A , n Z n δ Z n + H A , n h A δ h A , n = h A , n i f δ Z n + Z n i f δ h A , n ,
δ H A , n = h A , n i f δ Z n .
δ H A , n , max = h A , n i f δ Z n , max = h A , n c i t DFM 4 f = H t DFM c 4 Z ,

Metrics