Abstract

An autostereoscopic three-dimensional (3D) display composed of a flat-panel display, two parallax barriers, and a backlight panel is proposed. Parallax barrier 1, located between the backlight panel and the flat-panel display, divides the lights to create the perception of stereoscopic images. Parallax barrier 2, located between the flat-panel display and the viewers, acts as the function of decreasing the cross talk of the stereoscopic images. The operation principle of the display and the calculation equations for the parallax barriers are described in detail. An autostereoscopic 3D display prototype is developed. The prototype presents high-quality stereoscopic images. At the optimal viewing distance, it presents stereoscopic images without cross talk. At other viewing distances, it has less cross talk than a conventional autostereoscopic 3D display based on one parallax.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (1)

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

C. M. G. Lee, A. R. L. Travis, and R. Lin, “Flat-panel autostereoscopic 3D display,” IET Optoelectron. 2, 24–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticula misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (2)

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen and A. R. L. Travis, “New projection lens for three-dimensional displays,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2137–2138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. B. Eichenlaub, “A lightweight, compact 2D/3D auto stereoscopic LCD backlight for games, monitor, and notebook application,” Proc. SPIE 3295, 180–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. H.

Choi, K. H.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. C.

Eichenlaub, J. B.

J. B. Eichenlaub, “A lightweight, compact 2D/3D auto stereoscopic LCD backlight for games, monitor, and notebook application,” Proc. SPIE 3295, 180–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, R.

R. Fukushima and K. Taira, “Effect of light ray overlap between neighboring parallax images in autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

Gu, J. S.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaki, Y.

Hsieh, C. T.

Hsu, S. C.

Huang, Y. P.

Ian, S.

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ijsselsteijn, W. A.

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H. W.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. S.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Kouno, M.

Lee, C. M. G.

C. M. G. Lee, A. R. L. Travis, and R. Lin, “Flat-panel autostereoscopic 3D display,” IET Optoelectron. 2, 24–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. D.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. G.

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticula misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. H.

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “Autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, R.

C. M. G. Lee, A. R. L. Travis, and R. Lin, “Flat-panel autostereoscopic 3D display,” IET Optoelectron. 2, 24–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meesters, L. M. J.

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mphepö, W.

Muguruma, S.

Nagai, Y.

Nam, H.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, N.

Park, C. Y.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Phil, S.

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ra, J. B.

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticula misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seuntiëns, P. J. H.

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, H. P.

Shimizu, Y.

Song, M. S.

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

Taira, K.

R. Fukushima and K. Taira, “Effect of light ray overlap between neighboring parallax images in autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370W (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y. H.

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “Autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Travis, A. R. L.

C. M. G. Lee, A. R. L. Travis, and R. Lin, “Flat-panel autostereoscopic 3D display,” IET Optoelectron. 2, 24–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen and A. R. L. Travis, “New projection lens for three-dimensional displays,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2137–2138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “Autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C. L.

Yamamoto, H.

Zhao, R. L.

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W. X.

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, “Autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector based on two parallax barriers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3220–3222 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Displays (1)

P. J. H. Seuntiëns, L. M. J. Meesters, and W. A. Ijsselsteijn, “Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images,” Displays 26, 177–183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. H. Chen and A. R. L. Travis, “New projection lens for three-dimensional displays,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2137–2138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

S. Ian and S. Phil, “Stereoscopic and autostereoscopic display systems,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16, 85–99 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IET Optoelectron. (1)

C. M. G. Lee, A. R. L. Travis, and R. Lin, “Flat-panel autostereoscopic 3D display,” IET Optoelectron. 2, 24–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. G. Lee and J. B. Ra, “Image distortion correction for lenticula misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays,” Opt. Eng. 45, 017007 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (1)

Q. H. Wang, W. X. Zhao, Y. H. Tao, D. H. Li, and R. L. Zhao, “Stereo viewing zone in parallax-barrier-based autostereoscopic display,” Optik 121, 2008–2011 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. B. Eichenlaub, “A lightweight, compact 2D/3D auto stereoscopic LCD backlight for games, monitor, and notebook application,” Proc. SPIE 3295, 180–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Fukushima and K. Taira, “Effect of light ray overlap between neighboring parallax images in autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370W (2009).
[CrossRef]

SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers (1)

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers 37, 81–84(2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Structure and (b) principle of the autostereoscopic 3D display based on two parallax barriers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Four-view parallax images’ normalized luminance of the prototypes based on (a) two parallax barriers and (b) one parallax barrier along the horizontal direction at the optimal viewing distance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross talk of the prototypes based on two parallax barriers and one parallax barrier along the horizontal direction at the optimal viewing distance.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Four-view parallax images’ normalized luminance of the prototypes based on (a) two parallax barriers and (b) one parallax barrier along the horizontal direction at the nonoptimal viewing distance y = 1500 mm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross talk of the prototypes based on (a) two parallax barriers and (b) one parallax barrier along the horizontal direction at the nonoptimal viewing distance y = 1500 mm .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specification of the Autostereoscopic 3D Displays

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W S = E · W P E W P ,
W B = ( K 1 ) W S ,
D = W P · ( L + d ) E W P ,
w b = w s = d · E L + d ,
2 W s E = D + d L .
c = B B ,

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