Abstract

In this paper, the results of the thermo-elastic analysis performed on the stereo channel of the imaging system Integrated Observatory System for the BepiColombo European Space Agency mission to Mercury are presented. The aim of the work is to determine the effects of ambient parameter variations on the equipment performance; the optical performance is changing during the mission lifetime primarily because of the optics misalignments and deformations induced by temperature variations. The camera optics and their mountings are modeled and processed by a thermo-mechanical finite element model (FEM) program, which reproduces the expected optics and structure thermo-elastic deformations in the instrument foreseen operative temperature range, i.e., between 20°C and 30°C. The FEM outputs are elaborated using a MATLAB optimization routine: an algorithm based on nonlinear least square data fitting is adopted to determine the surface equation (plane, spherical, nth polynomial) which best fits the deformed optical surfaces. The obtained surfaces are then directly imported into a ZEMAX code for sequential ray-tracing analysis. Variations of the optical spot diagrams, modulation transfer function curves, and ensquared energy are then computed. The overall analysis shows that the preferred solution for mounting the optical elements is adopting the kinematic constraints instead of using the classical glue solution.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (3)

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Cremonese, and L. Calamai, “Optical design of the single-detector planetary stereo camera for the BepiColombo European Space Agency mission to Mercury,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2910–2919 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

2008 (1)

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

2007 (1)

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. Kanzow, N. Yamashita, and M. Fukushima, “Levenberg-Marquardt methods for constrained nonlinear equations with strong local convergence properties,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 172, 375–397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

1985 (1)

M. Al-Baali and R. Fletcher, “Variational methods for non-linear least-squares,” J. Opl. Res. Soc. 36, 405–421 (1985).

Al-Baali, M.

M. Al-Baali and R. Fletcher, “Variational methods for non-linear least-squares,” J. Opl. Res. Soc. 36, 405–421 (1985).

Angrilli, F.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Barbieri, C.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Benkhoff, J.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bertini, I.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Bettanini, C.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Bianchini, G. A.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Borin, P.

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Brunello, P.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Calamai, L.

V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Cremonese, and L. Calamai, “Optical design of the single-detector planetary stereo camera for the BepiColombo European Space Agency mission to Mercury,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2910–2919 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capaccioni, F.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caporali, A.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capria, M. T.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Carli, C.

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Colangeli, L.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Cosi, M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Cremonese, G.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Cremonese, and L. Calamai, “Optical design of the single-detector planetary stereo camera for the BepiColombo European Space Agency mission to Mercury,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2910–2919 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Da Deppo, V.

V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Cremonese, and L. Calamai, “Optical design of the single-detector planetary stereo camera for the BepiColombo European Space Agency mission to Mercury,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2910–2919 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Dami, M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Cecco, Mario

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

De Sanctis, C.

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Debei, S.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

DeSanctis, M. C.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Doressoundiram, A.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eng, P.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Epifani, E. M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Erard, S.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fantinel, D.

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Federico, C.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, P.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

FicaiVeltroni, J.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Filacchione, G.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Flamini, E.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, R.

M. Al-Baali and R. Fletcher, “Variational methods for non-linear least-squares,” J. Opl. Res. Soc. 36, 405–421 (1985).

Forlani, G.

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Fornasier, S.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Forni, O.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, M.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, M.

C. Kanzow, N. Yamashita, and M. Fukushima, “Levenberg-Marquardt methods for constrained nonlinear equations with strong local convergence properties,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 172, 375–397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Giacomini, L.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Giro, E.

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Guizzo, G.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Hajime, F.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hayakawa, H.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hello, Y.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Josset, J. L.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanzow, C.

C. Kanzow, N. Yamashita, and M. Fukushima, “Levenberg-Marquardt methods for constrained nonlinear equations with strong local convergence properties,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 172, 375–397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laakso, H.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Langevin, Y.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lazzarin, M.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Marinangeli, L.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Marra, G.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Martellato, E.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marzari, F.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Massironi, M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Middleton, H. R.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Naletto, G.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Cremonese, and L. Calamai, “Optical design of the single-detector planetary stereo camera for the BepiColombo European Space Agency mission to Mercury,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2910–2919 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Nicolosi, Giorgio

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Novara, M.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Palumbo, P.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Parzianello, G.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Peron, F.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Pompilio, L.

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poulet, F.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ragazzoni, R.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Ramazzi, F.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Ramous, P.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Roig, J. F.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saggin, B.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Sgavetti, M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Simioni, E.

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Tommasi, L.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tondello, Giuseppe

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

van Casteren, J.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Verani, S.

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Yamashita, N.

C. Kanzow, N. Yamashita, and M. Fukushima, “Levenberg-Marquardt methods for constrained nonlinear equations with strong local convergence properties,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 172, 375–397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoder, P. R.

P. R. Yoder Jr., Opto-Mechanical Systems Design (SPIE, 2006).

P. R. Yoder Jr., Mounting Optics in Optical Instrument (SPIE, 2008).
[CrossRef]

Zaccariotto, M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Ziethe, R.

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zusi, M.

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Adv. Geosci. (1)

G. Cremonese, D. Fantinel, E. Giro, M. T. Capria, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, G. Forlani, M. Massironi, L. Giacomini, M. Sgavetti, E. Simioni, C. Bettanini, S. Debei, M. Zaccariotto, P. Borin, L. Marinangeli, and E. Flamini, “The stereo camera on the BepiColombo ESA/JAXA mission: a novel approach,” Adv. Geosci. 15, 305–322 (2009).

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Comput. Appl. Math. (1)

C. Kanzow, N. Yamashita, and M. Fukushima, “Levenberg-Marquardt methods for constrained nonlinear equations with strong local convergence properties,” J. Comput. Appl. Math. 172, 375–397 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opl. Res. Soc. (1)

M. Al-Baali and R. Fletcher, “Variational methods for non-linear least-squares,” J. Opl. Res. Soc. 36, 405–421 (1985).

Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. (1)

C. Barbieri, S. Fornasier, S. Verani, I. Bertini, M. Lazzarin, F. Ramazzi, G. Cremonese, R. Ragazzoni, F. Marzari, F. Angrilli, G. A. Bianchini, S. Debei, Mario De Cecco, G. Guizzo, G. Parzianello, P. Ramous, B. Saggin, M. Zaccariotto, V. Da Deppo, G. Naletto, Giorgio Nicolosi, Giuseppe Tondello, P. Brunello, and F. Peron, “The wide angle camera of the ROSETTA Mission,” Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 74, 434–435 (2003).

Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana (1)

G. Marra, L. Colangeli, E. M. Epifani, P. Palumbo, M. Zusi, S. Debei, E. Flamini, M. Cosi, and the SIMBIOSYS International Team, “The optical design of the high resolution imaging channel for the SIMBIO-SYS experiment on the BepiColombo Mission to Mercury,” Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana 12, 77–82 (2008).

Planet. Space Sci. (3)

J. Benkhoff, J. van Casteren, H. Hayakawa, F. Hajime, M. Fujimoto, H. Laakso, M. Novara, P. Ferri, H. R. Middleton, and R. Ziethe, “BepiColombo—comprehensive exploration of Mercury: mission overview and science goals,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 2–20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Flamini, F. Capaccioni, L. Colangeli, G. Cremonese, A. Doressoundiram, J. L. Josset, Y. Langevin, S. Debei, M. T. Capria, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Marinangeli, M. Massironi, E. M. Epifani, G. Naletto, P. Palumbo, P. Eng, J. F. Roig, A. Caporali, V. Da Deppo, S. Erard, C. Federico, O. Forni, M. Sgavetti, G. Filacchione, L. Giacomini, G. Marra, E. Martellato, M. Zusi, M. Cosi, C. Bettanini, L. Calamai, M. Zaccariotto, L. Tommasi, M. Dami, J. FicaiVeltroni, F. Poulet, Y. Hello, and The SIMBIO-SYS Team, “SIMBIO-SYS: the spectrometer and imagers integrated observatory system for the BepiColombo planetary orbiter,” Planet. Space Sci. 58, 125–143 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sgavetti, L. Pompilio, C. Carli, C. De Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, G. Cremonese, and E. Flamini, “Mineral and rock composition of the Mercury and moon surfaces: expected knowledge advances from BepiColombo SIMBIO-SYS data,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1596–1613 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

Simbio-Sys Team, BC-EST-RS-2523SIMBIO-SYS experiment interface document part B (2009).

P. R. Yoder Jr., Opto-Mechanical Systems Design (SPIE, 2006).

P. R. Yoder Jr., Mounting Optics in Optical Instrument (SPIE, 2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

STC concept. In the upper part, a scheme of the imaging concept with the two subchannel viewing areas is shown. In the lower part, the global optical parameters and FoVs are depicted; each subchannel filter configuration is highlighted.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

STC stereo image pair acquisition concept. (a) The forward channel is acquiring the selected region on the Mercury surface. (b) After the S/C is moved on the orbit, the backward channel is acquiring the same region.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

STC overall optical design layout. The whole STC optical design is shown. In the upper part of the image, the configuration is viewed in the plane defined by the along-track and nadir directions; in the lower part, the projection in the orthogonal plane, the one including the across-track and nadir directions, is given. In the inset, an enlarged view of the focal plane region helps to better follow the rays that are focalized on the active pixel sensor detector.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spot diagrams for one the panchromatic filters of the STC. The square boxes overlapped to the spots correspond to the size of the detector pixels.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Ray-tracing results for the STC panchromatic filter: (a) DEE and (b) MTF curves.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic representation of the STC optical elements. On the left, there is a global view of both internal and external optical elements; on the right, an insight of the internal optics is given.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

STC mechanical design.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Example of kinematic constraints applied to the housing systems of (a) the lenses and (b) prisms of the STC.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Scheme of the method proposed to determine the variations of the optical performance of space instrument due to thermal loads.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Results of thermo-elastic deformation analysis starting from integration temperature T i = 20 ° C to final temperature T f = 20 ° C . Node translations in meters.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Example of surface interpolation using NLS algorithm applied to the shape of mirror M1 of the STC (a) surface interpolation and (b) residuals.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Spot diagrams of the STC at T = 20 ° C for the case of bond constraints. Spot sizes are in micrometers and the spot positions in millimeters.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(a) DEE and (b) MTF curves of the STC at T = 20 ° C for the case of bond constraints.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Spot diagrams of the STC at T = 20 ° C in the case of bond constraints applied only to the prisms.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Spot diagrams of the STC at T = 20 ° C in the case of kinematic constraints.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

(a) DEE and (b) MTF curves of the STC at T = 20 ° C in the case of kinematic constraints.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Spot diagrams of the STC at T = 20 ° C in the case of kinematic constraints applied only to the prisms.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Requirements and Characteristics of the STC

Equations (2)

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S = i = 1 m r i 2 ,
r i = z i f ( x i , y i , β ) ,

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