Abstract

Plasmonic nanoantennas can generate high-intensity electric fields in a very small area. However, being passive devices, they need to be excited by external laser sources. The excitation of nanoantennas by semiconductor lasers can be inefficient and a significant amount of light may return back to the laser source after being scattered by the nanoantenna. In this paper, it is shown that the amount of light being returned to the semiconductor laser can be reduced by using dielectric slot waveguides. These waveguides can transport the incident light to the nanoantennas, but the amount of nondirectional back-scattered light is reduced after propagation through the slot waveguide.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (2)

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
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W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5120–5124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (8)

2008 (2)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, “Analysis of optically pumped equilateral triangular microlasers with three mode-selective trenches,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2178–2185 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Boriskina, T. M. Benson, P. D. Sewell, and A. I. Nosich, “Directional emission, increased free spectral range, and mode Q-factors in 2-D wavelength-scale optical microcavity structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1175–1182(2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Leosson, T. Nikolajsen, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Long range surface plasmon polariton nanowire waveguides for device applications,” Opt. Express 14, 314–319(2006).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzales, A. L. Bouldrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alu, “Circuits elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, V. M. Schneider, R. M. Cazo, and C. L. Barbosa, “Analysis of strategies to improve the directionality of square lattice band-edge photonic crystal structures,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3069–3076 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic crystal nanocavity array laser,” Opt. Express 13, 8819–8828 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cazo, C. L. Barbosa, H. T. Hattori, and V. M. Schneider, “Steady-state analysis of a directional square lattice band-edge photonic crystal laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 210–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, and Q. M. Wang, “Analysis and numerical simulation of eigenmode characteristics for semiconductor lasers with an equilateral triangle micro-resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 100–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, L. J. Yu, and H. B. Lei, “Analysis of semiconductor microlasers with an equilateral triangle resonator by rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1259–1264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. E. Collin, Foundations for Microwave Engineering(Wiley, 2000).

1999 (2)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Ultra-small and ultra-low threshold microdisk injection lasers: design, fabrication, lasing characteristics, and spontaneous emission factor,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673–681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design (Wiley, 1998).

1997 (2)

T. Baba, “Photonic crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP/InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 808–830 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet lasers coupled by a rectangular optical waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L76–L78 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet laser with optical waveguides grown by selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L411–L413(1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Almeida, V. R.

Altug, H.

Alu, A.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alu, “Circuits elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ando, H.

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet lasers coupled by a rectangular optical waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L76–L78 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet laser with optical waveguides grown by selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L411–L413(1996).
[CrossRef]

Ando, S.

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet lasers coupled by a rectangular optical waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L76–L78 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet laser with optical waveguides grown by selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L411–L413(1996).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Ultra-small and ultra-low threshold microdisk injection lasers: design, fabrication, lasing characteristics, and spontaneous emission factor,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673–681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, “Photonic crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP/InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 808–830 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, C. L.

H. T. Hattori, V. M. Schneider, R. M. Cazo, and C. L. Barbosa, “Analysis of strategies to improve the directionality of square lattice band-edge photonic crystal structures,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3069–3076 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cazo, C. L. Barbosa, H. T. Hattori, and V. M. Schneider, “Steady-state analysis of a directional square lattice band-edge photonic crystal laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 210–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barclay, P. E.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, C. A.

Benson, T. M.

S. V. Boriskina, T. M. Benson, P. D. Sewell, and A. I. Nosich, “Directional emission, increased free spectral range, and mode Q-factors in 2-D wavelength-scale optical microcavity structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1175–1182(2006).
[CrossRef]

Bharadwaj, P.

Boltasseva, A.

Boriskina, S. V.

S. V. Boriskina, T. M. Benson, P. D. Sewell, and A. I. Nosich, “Directional emission, increased free spectral range, and mode Q-factors in 2-D wavelength-scale optical microcavity structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1175–1182(2006).
[CrossRef]

Bouldrion, A. L.

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzales, A. L. Bouldrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Brongersma, M.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5120–5124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buda, M.

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5120–5124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cazo, R. M.

R. M. Cazo, C. L. Barbosa, H. T. Hattori, and V. M. Schneider, “Steady-state analysis of a directional square lattice band-edge photonic crystal laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 210–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, V. M. Schneider, R. M. Cazo, and C. L. Barbosa, “Analysis of strategies to improve the directionality of square lattice band-edge photonic crystal structures,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3069–3076 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Collin, R. E.

R. E. Collin, Foundations for Microwave Engineering(Wiley, 2000).

Corzine, S. W.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Dai, D.

Daldosso, N.

Dao, L.

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzales, A. L. Bouldrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deutsch, B.

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alu, “Circuits elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5120–5124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

R. Guider, N. Daldosso, A. Pitanti, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “NanoSi low loss horizontal slot waveguides coupled to high Q ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17, 20762–20770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Single-mode operation of a large optically pumped triangular laser with lateral air trenches,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1417–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Ultra-small and ultra-low threshold microdisk injection lasers: design, fabrication, lasing characteristics, and spontaneous emission factor,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673–681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gareso, P. L.

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gonzales, M. U.

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzales, A. L. Bouldrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guider, R.

Guo, W. H.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Mode quality factor based on far-field emission for square resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 479–481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, L. J. Yu, and H. B. Lei, “Analysis of semiconductor microlasers with an equilateral triangle resonator by rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1259–1264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, and Q. M. Wang, “Analysis and numerical simulation of eigenmode characteristics for semiconductor lasers with an equilateral triangle micro-resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 100–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hannaford, P.

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, H. T.

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, Z. Li, D. Liu, I. D. Rukhlenko, and M. Premaratne, “Coupling of light from microdisk lasers into plasmonic nano-antennas,” Opt. Express 17, 20878–20884(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Single-mode operation of a large optically pumped triangular laser with lateral air trenches,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1417–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 359–361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, “Analysis of optically pumped equilateral triangular microlasers with three mode-selective trenches,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2178–2185 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, V. M. Schneider, R. M. Cazo, and C. L. Barbosa, “Analysis of strategies to improve the directionality of square lattice band-edge photonic crystal structures,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3069–3076 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cazo, C. L. Barbosa, H. T. Hattori, and V. M. Schneider, “Steady-state analysis of a directional square lattice band-edge photonic crystal laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 210–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Heitzmann, M.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollinger, G.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. Z.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Mode quality factor based on far-field emission for square resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 479–481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, L. J. Yu, and H. B. Lei, “Analysis of semiconductor microlasers with an equilateral triangle resonator by rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1259–1264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, and Q. M. Wang, “Analysis and numerical simulation of eigenmode characteristics for semiconductor lasers with an equilateral triangle micro-resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 100–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huh, J.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J. K.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imada, M.

Jagadish, C.

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 359–361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Single-mode operation of a large optically pumped triangular laser with lateral air trenches,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1417–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Jalaguier, E.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jordana, E.

Kim, J. S.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, N.

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet lasers coupled by a rectangular optical waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L76–L78 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet laser with optical waveguides grown by selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L411–L413(1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lei, H. B.

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, L. J. Yu, and H. B. Lei, “Analysis of semiconductor microlasers with an equilateral triangle resonator by rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1259–1264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

Letartre, X.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Lipson, M.

Liu, D.

Liu, D. Y.

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 359–361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Single-mode operation of a large optically pumped triangular laser with lateral air trenches,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1417–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q. Y.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Mode quality factor based on far-field emission for square resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 479–481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McKerracher, I.

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mollard, L.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

Noda, S.

Nosich, A. I.

S. V. Boriskina, T. M. Benson, P. D. Sewell, and A. I. Nosich, “Directional emission, increased free spectral range, and mode Q-factors in 2-D wavelength-scale optical microcavity structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1175–1182(2006).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohnishi, D.

Okano, T.

Painter, O.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. G.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

Peschel, U.

Pitanti, A.

Premaratne, M.

Preston, K.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, S.

Rukhlenko, I. D.

Ryu, H. Y.

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Ultra-small and ultra-low threshold microdisk injection lasers: design, fabrication, lasing characteristics, and spontaneous emission factor,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673–681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alu, “Circuits elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scherrer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, V. M.

R. M. Cazo, C. L. Barbosa, H. T. Hattori, and V. M. Schneider, “Steady-state analysis of a directional square lattice band-edge photonic crystal laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 210–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, V. M. Schneider, R. M. Cazo, and C. L. Barbosa, “Analysis of strategies to improve the directionality of square lattice band-edge photonic crystal structures,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3069–3076 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sewell, P. D.

S. V. Boriskina, T. M. Benson, P. D. Sewell, and A. I. Nosich, “Directional emission, increased free spectral range, and mode Q-factors in 2-D wavelength-scale optical microcavity structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1175–1182(2006).
[CrossRef]

Shin, W.

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5120–5124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, K.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stutzman, W. L.

W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design (Wiley, 1998).

Tan, H. H.

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Single-mode operation of a large optically pumped triangular laser with lateral air trenches,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1417–1422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 359–361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Thiele, G. A.

W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design (Wiley, 1998).

Touraille, E.

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

Wang, Q. M.

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, and Q. M. Wang, “Analysis and numerical simulation of eigenmode characteristics for semiconductor lasers with an equilateral triangle micro-resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 100–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Weeber, J. C.

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzales, A. L. Bouldrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J.

Wen, L. V.

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Wosinski, L.

Xu, Q.

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, L. J.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Mode quality factor based on far-field emission for square resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 479–481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, L. J. Yu, and H. B. Lei, “Analysis of semiconductor microlasers with an equilateral triangle resonator by rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1259–1264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N.

Adv. Mater. (1)

W. Cai, W. Shin, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Elements for plasmonic nanocircuits with three-dimensional slot waveguides,” Adv. Mater. 22, 5120–5124 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, “Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915–1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Weeber, M. U. Gonzales, A. L. Bouldrion, and A. Dereux, “Surface plasmon routing along right angle bent metal stripes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 221101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, and Q. M. Wang, “Analysis and numerical simulation of eigenmode characteristics for semiconductor lasers with an equilateral triangle micro-resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 100–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, L. J. Yu, and H. B. Lei, “Analysis of semiconductor microlasers with an equilateral triangle resonator by rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1259–1264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353–1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and R. M. De La Rue, “In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

T. Baba, “Photonic crystals and microdisk cavities based on GaInAsP/InP system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 808–830 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujita, A. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Ultra-small and ultra-low threshold microdisk injection lasers: design, fabrication, lasing characteristics, and spontaneous emission factor,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 673–681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Boriskina, T. M. Benson, P. D. Sewell, and A. I. Nosich, “Directional emission, increased free spectral range, and mode Q-factors in 2-D wavelength-scale optical microcavity structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1175–1182(2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

H. T. Hattori, E. Touraille, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, M. Heitzmann, L. Mollard, E. Jalaguier, and J. M. Fedeli, “Heterogenous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223–225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Mode quality factor based on far-field emission for square resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 479–481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 359–361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Y. Liu, H. T. Hattori, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Increasing the coupling efficiency of a microdisk laser to waveguides by using well designed spiral structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 107, 043105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet laser with optical waveguides grown by selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, L411–L413(1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Ando, N. Kobayashi, and H. Ando, “Triangular-facet lasers coupled by a rectangular optical waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L76–L78 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. M. Cazo, C. L. Barbosa, H. T. Hattori, and V. M. Schneider, “Steady-state analysis of a directional square lattice band-edge photonic crystal laser,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 210–214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alu, “Circuits elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherrer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Two-dimensional photonic bandgap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

P. L. Gareso, M. Buda, L. Fu, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, L. Dao, L. V. Wen, and P. Hannaford, “Proton irradiation-induced intermixing in InxGa1−xAs/InP quantum wells—the effect of composition,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1441–1446(2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Fullwave 4.0 RSOFT design group, 1999, http://www.rsoftdesign.com.

R. E. Collin, Foundations for Microwave Engineering(Wiley, 2000).

W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design (Wiley, 1998).

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

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