Abstract

Inversion with two-dimensional (2-D) regularization is a new methodology that can be used for the retrieval of profiles of microphysical properties, e.g., effective radius and complex refractive index of atmospheric particles from complete (or sections) of profiles of optical particle properties. The optical profiles are acquired with multiwavelength Raman lidar. Previous simulations with synthetic data have shown advantages in terms of retrieval accuracy compared to our so-called classical one-dimensional (1-D) regularization, which is a method mostly used in the European Aerosol Research Lidar Network (EARLINET). The 1-D regularization suffers from flaws such as retrieval accuracy, speed, and ability for error analysis. In this contribution, we test for the first time the performance of the new 2-D regularization algorithm on the basis of experimental data. We measured with lidar an aged biomass-burning plume over West/Central Europe. For comparison, we use particle in situ data taken in the smoke plume during research aircraft flights upwind of the lidar. We find good agreement for effective radius and volume, surface-area, and number concentrations. The retrieved complex refractive index on average is lower than what we find from the in situ observations. Accordingly, the single-scattering albedo that we obtain from the inversion is higher than what we obtain from the aircraft data. In view of the difficult measurement situation, i.e., the large spatial and temporal distances between aircraft and lidar measurements, this test of our new inversion methodology is satisfactory.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009 (1)

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, K. Franke, and D. N. Whiteman, “Inversion of multiwavelength Raman lidar data for retrieval of bimodal aerosol size distribution,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1180–1195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, and D. Müller, “Unexpectedly high aerosol load in the free troposphere over central Europe in spring/summer 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

2001 (2)

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, and M. Fiebig, “Comprehensive particle characterization from three-wavelength Raman-lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4863–4869(2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: experiment,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1879–1892 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696(2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1998 (2)

A. Stohl, M. Hittenberger, and G. Wotawa, “Validation of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART against large scale tracer experiment data,” Atmos. Environ. 32, 4245–4264 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Althausen, D.

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, V. Jaenisch, U. Wandinger, D. Müller, Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, and I. B. Serikov, “Relative-humidity profiling in the troposphere with a Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6451–6462 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, and M. Fiebig, “Comprehensive particle characterization from three-wavelength Raman-lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4863–4869(2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Amodeo, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Amoiridi, V.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Ansmann, A.

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, and D. Müller, “Unexpectedly high aerosol load in the free troposphere over central Europe in spring/summer 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger and A. Ansmann, “Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 511–514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, V. Jaenisch, U. Wandinger, D. Müller, Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, and I. B. Serikov, “Relative-humidity profiling in the troposphere with a Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6451–6462 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: experiment,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1879–1892 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: simulation,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2358–2368 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: theory,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2346–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, M. Riebesell, C. Weitkamp, and W. Michaelis, “Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7113–7131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ansmann and D. Müller, “Lidar and atmospheric aerosol particles,” in “Lidar. Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere,” C.Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 105–141.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Antuna, J. C.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Apituley, A.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Arshinov, Y.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Arshinov, Y. F.

Baldasano, J. M.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Balin, I.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Balis, D.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Berthier, S.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Bobrovnikov, S. M.

Böckmann, C.

C. Böckmann, I. Miranova, D. Müller, L. Scheidenbach, and R. Nessler, “Microphysical aerosol parameters from multiwavelength lidar,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 518–528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Boselli, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Bösenberg, J.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Buras, R.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Carlson, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Chaikovsky, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Chourdakis, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Comerón, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Cook, A. L.

Cozic, J.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cribb, M.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Donovan, D.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696(2000).
[CrossRef]

Ehret, G.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Eixmann, R.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Eloranta, E.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Esselborn, M.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Ferrare, R. A.

Fiebig, M.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, and M. Fiebig, “Comprehensive particle characterization from three-wavelength Raman-lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4863–4869(2001).
[CrossRef]

Forster, C.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Franke, K.

Freudenthaler, V.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Gasteiger, J.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Giehl, H.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Griaznov, V.

Grigorov, I.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Hågård, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Hair, J. W.

Hardesty, M.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Harper, D. B.

Hendricks, J.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hittenberger, M.

A. Stohl, M. Hittenberger, and G. Wotawa, “Validation of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART against large scale tracer experiment data,” Atmos. Environ. 32, 4245–4264 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hoff, R.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Hostetler, C. A.

Hovis, F. E.

Huntrieser, H.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Iarlori, M.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Izquierdo, L. R.

Jaenisch, V.

Jäger, H.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

James, P.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, S. G.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. S.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, D.

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. J.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and D. Müller, “Seasonal characteristics of lidar ratios measured with a Raman lidar at Gwangju, Korea, in spring and autumn,” Atmos. Environ. 42, 2208–2224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696(2000).
[CrossRef]

Kinne, S.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Kirsche, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Kleefeld, C.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kolarov, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Kolgotin, A.

Komguem, L.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Kreipl, S.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Kumpf, W.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Lajas, D.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Larchevêque, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Lauer, A.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Law, K.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Linné, H.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Mack, T. L.

Matthey, R.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Matthias, V.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Mattis, I.

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, and D. Müller, “Unexpectedly high aerosol load in the free troposphere over central Europe in spring/summer 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, V. Jaenisch, U. Wandinger, D. Müller, Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, and I. B. Serikov, “Relative-humidity profiling in the troposphere with a Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6451–6462 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Mayer, B.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Michaelis, W.

Miranova, I.

Mona, L.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Müller, D.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and D. Müller, “Seasonal characteristics of lidar ratios measured with a Raman lidar at Gwangju, Korea, in spring and autumn,” Atmos. Environ. 42, 2208–2224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Kolgotin and D. Müller, “Theory of inversion with two-dimensional regularization: profiles of microphysical particle properties derived from multiwavelength lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4472–4490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Böckmann, I. Miranova, D. Müller, L. Scheidenbach, and R. Nessler, “Microphysical aerosol parameters from multiwavelength lidar,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 518–528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, and D. N. Whiteman, “Information content of multiwavelength lidar data with respect to microphysical particle properties derived from eigenvalue analysis,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5292–5303 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, K. Franke, and D. N. Whiteman, “Inversion of multiwavelength Raman lidar data for retrieval of bimodal aerosol size distribution,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1180–1195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, and D. Müller, “Unexpectedly high aerosol load in the free troposphere over central Europe in spring/summer 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, V. Jaenisch, U. Wandinger, D. Müller, Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, and I. B. Serikov, “Relative-humidity profiling in the troposphere with a Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6451–6462 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. N. Whiteman, “Inversion with regularization for the retrieval of tropospheric aerosol parameters from multiwavelength lidar sounding,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3685–3699 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, and M. Fiebig, “Comprehensive particle characterization from three-wavelength Raman-lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4863–4869(2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: experiment,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1879–1892 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: theory,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2346–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: simulation,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2358–2368 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann and D. Müller, “Lidar and atmospheric aerosol particles,” in “Lidar. Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere,” C.Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 105–141.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Murayama, T.

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Music, S.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Nessler, R.

Nickovic, S.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Noh, Y. M.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and D. Müller, “Seasonal characteristics of lidar ratios measured with a Raman lidar at Gwangju, Korea, in spring and autumn,” Atmos. Environ. 42, 2208–2224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O’Doherty, S.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pandolfi, M.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Papayannis, A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Pappalardo, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Pelon, J.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Pérez, C.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Perrone, R. M.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Persson, R.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Petzold, A.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Real, E.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Resendes, D. P.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Riebesell, M.

Ritter, C.

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

Rizi, V.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Rocadenbosch, R.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Rodriguez, J. A.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Roiger, A.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sauvage, L.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Scheidenbach, L.

Schlager, H.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schneidenbach, L.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Schneider, J.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schumacher, R.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Sekigushi, M.

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Serikov, I. B.

Shcherbakov, V.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Shimizu, A.

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. H.

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simeonov, V.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Simmonds, P.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sobolewsky, P.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Spinelli, N.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Stachlewska, I.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Stohl, A.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl and D. J. Thomson, “A density correction for Lagrangian particle dispersion models,” Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 90, 155–167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl, M. Hittenberger, and G. Wotawa, “Validation of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART against large scale tracer experiment data,” Atmos. Environ. 32, 4245–4264 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stoyanov, D.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Sugimoto, N.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Thomson, D. J.

A. Stohl and D. J. Thomson, “A density correction for Lagrangian particle dispersion models,” Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 90, 155–167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tomasi, F. D.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Trickl, T.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Tsaknakis, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Tsukamato, T.

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Zadelhoff, G.-J.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Vaughan, G.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Veselovskii, I.

Wada, K.

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wandinger, U.

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, and D. Müller, “Unexpectedly high aerosol load in the free troposphere over central Europe in spring/summer 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger and A. Ansmann, “Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 511–514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. N. Whiteman, “Inversion with regularization for the retrieval of tropospheric aerosol parameters from multiwavelength lidar sounding,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3685–3699 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, V. Jaenisch, U. Wandinger, D. Müller, Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, and I. B. Serikov, “Relative-humidity profiling in the troposphere with a Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6451–6462 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, and M. Fiebig, “Comprehensive particle characterization from three-wavelength Raman-lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4863–4869(2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: experiment,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1879–1892 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: simulation,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2358–2368 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: theory,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2346–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, M. Riebesell, C. Weitkamp, and W. Michaelis, “Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7113–7131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Wang, X.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Wehr, T.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Weingartner, E.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weinzierl, B.

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

B. Weinzierl, “Radiatively-driven processes in forest fire and desert dust plumes,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 2008).

Weiss, V.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weitkamp, C.

Welch, W.

Welton, J.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Wendisch, M.

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Whiteman, D.

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

Whiteman, D. N.

Wiegner, M.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Wotawa, G.

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Stohl, M. Hittenberger, and G. Wotawa, “Validation of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART against large scale tracer experiment data,” Atmos. Environ. 32, 4245–4264 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zavrtanik, M.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Zerefos, C.

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

Appl. Opt. (13)

A. Kolgotin and D. Müller, “Theory of inversion with two-dimensional regularization: profiles of microphysical particle properties derived from multiwavelength lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4472–4490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, I. Mattis, and A. Ansmann, “Retrieval of physical particle properties from lidar observations of extinction and backscatter at multiple wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2260–2263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: theory,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2346–2357 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: simulation,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2358–2368 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and A. Ansmann, “Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: experiment,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1879–1892 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, U. Wandinger, D. Althausen, and M. Fiebig, “Comprehensive particle characterization from three-wavelength Raman-lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4863–4869(2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, U. Wandinger, and D. N. Whiteman, “Inversion with regularization for the retrieval of tropospheric aerosol parameters from multiwavelength lidar sounding,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3685–3699 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, K. Franke, and D. N. Whiteman, “Inversion of multiwavelength Raman lidar data for retrieval of bimodal aerosol size distribution,” Appl. Opt. 43, 1180–1195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Veselovskii, A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, and D. N. Whiteman, “Information content of multiwavelength lidar data with respect to microphysical particle properties derived from eigenvalue analysis,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5292–5303 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Hair, C. A. Hostetler, A. L. Cook, D. B. Harper, R. A. Ferrare, T. L. Mack, W. Welch, L. R. Izquierdo, and F. E. Hovis, “Airborne high-spectral-resolution lidar for profiling aerosol optical profiles,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6734–6752 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Wandinger and A. Ansmann, “Experimental determination of the lidar overlap profile with Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 511–514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, V. Jaenisch, U. Wandinger, D. Müller, Y. F. Arshinov, S. M. Bobrovnikov, and I. B. Serikov, “Relative-humidity profiling in the troposphere with a Raman lidar,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6451–6462 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, M. Riebesell, C. Weitkamp, and W. Michaelis, “Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7113–7131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Petzold, B. Weinzierl, H. Huntrieser, A. Stohl, E. Real, J. Cozic, M. Fiebig, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer, K. Law, A. Roiger, H. Schlager, and E. Weingartner, “Perturbation of the European free troposphere aerosol by North American forest fire plumes during the ICARTT-ITOP experiment in summer 2004,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5105–5127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Environ. (3)

A. Stohl, M. Hittenberger, and G. Wotawa, “Validation of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART against large scale tracer experiment data,” Atmos. Environ. 32, 4245–4264 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and D. Müller, “Seasonal characteristics of lidar ratios measured with a Raman lidar at Gwangju, Korea, in spring and autumn,” Atmos. Environ. 42, 2208–2224 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Noh, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, H. Lee, J. S. Jung, K. H. Lee, M. Cribb, Z. Li, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical and microphysical properties of severe haze and smoke aerosol measured by integrated remote sensing techniques in Gwangju, Korea,” Atmos. Environ. 43, 879–888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boundary-Layer Meteorol. (1)

A. Stohl and D. J. Thomson, “A density correction for Lagrangian particle dispersion models,” Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 90, 155–167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (3)

I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, and D. Müller, “Unexpectedly high aerosol load in the free troposphere over central Europe in spring/summer 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Murayama, D. Müller, K. Wada, A. Shimizu, M. Sekigushi, and T. Tsukamato, “Characterization of Asian dust and Siberian smoke with multi-wavelength Raman lidar over Tokyo, Japan in spring 2003,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L23103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, C. Ritter, and D. Kaiser, “Multiwavelength Raman lidar observations of particle growth during long-range transport of forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L05803(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (4)

C. Forster, U. Wandinger, G. Wotawa, P. James, I. Mattis, D. Althausen, P. Simmonds, S. O’Doherty, S. G. Jennings, C. Kleefeld, J. Schneider, T. Trickl, S. Kreipl, H. Jäger, and A. Stohl, “Transport of boreal forest fire emissions from Canada to Europe,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 22887–22906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Müller, I. Mattis, U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, D. Althausen, and A. Stohl, “Raman lidar observations of aged Siberian and Canadian forest-fire smoke in the free troposphere over Germany in 2003: microphysical particle characterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D17201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, D. Müller, C. Böckmann, D. Althausen, V. Matthias, J. Bösenberg, V. Weiss, M. Fiebig, M. Wendisch, A. Stohl, and A. Ansmann, “Optical and microphysical characterization of biomass-burning and industrial-pollution aerosols from multiwavelength lidar and aircraft measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 107, 8125 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696(2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Other (8)

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles, C.F.Bohren and D.R.Huffman, eds. (Wiley, 1983).

B. Weinzierl, “Radiatively-driven processes in forest fire and desert dust plumes,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 2008).

J. Bösenberg, V. Matthias, A. Amodeo, V. Amoiridi, A. Ansmann, J. M. Baldasano, I. Balin, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Boselli, G. Carlson, A. Chaikovsky, G. Chourdakis, A. Comerón, F. D. Tomasi, R. Eixmann, V. Freudenthaler, H. Giehl, I. Grigorov, A. Hågård, M. Iarlori, A. Kirsche, G. Kolarov, L. Komguem, S. Kreipl, W. Kumpf, G. Larchevêque, H. Linné, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, L. Mona, D. Müller, S. Music, S. Nickovic, M. Pandolfi, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, J. Pelon, C. Pérez, R. M. Perrone, R. Persson, D. P. Resendes, V. Rizi, R. Rocadenbosch, J. A. Rodriguez, L. Sauvage, L. Schneidenbach, R. Schumacher, V. Shcherbakov, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewsky, N. Spinelli, I. Stachlewska, D. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, G. Tsaknakis, G. Vaughan, U. Wandinger, X. Wang, M. Wiegner, M. Zavrtanik, and C. Zerefos, “EARLINET: a European Aerosol Research Lidar Network to establish an aerosol climatology,” Tech. Rep. No. 348 (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2003).

J. Bösenberg, R. Hoff, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, J. C. Antuna, D. Whiteman, N. Sugimoto, A. Apituley, M. Hardesty, J. Welton, E. Eloranta, Y. Arshinov, S. Kinne, and V. Freudenthaler, “Plan for the implementation of the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observations Network GALION,,” Tech. Rep. No. 178, WMO/TD-No. 1443 (World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmospheric Watch, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008), http://www.wmo.ch/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw-reports.html.

A. Petzold, M. Esselborn, B. Weinzierl, G. Ehret, A. Ansmann, D. Müller, D. Donovan, G.-J. van Zadelhoff, S. Berthier, M. Wiegner, J. Gasteiger, R. Buras, B. Mayer, D. Lajas, and T. Wehr, “ICAROHS—inter-comparison of aerosol retrievals and observational requirements for multi-wavelength HSRL systems,” in Proceedings of the ESA Living Planet Symposium 2010 (European Space Agency, 2010), Special Publication SP-686 (CD-ROM).

Solutions of Ill-Posed Problems, A.N.Tikhonov and V.Y.Arsenin, eds. (Wiley, 1977).

Introduction to the Mathematics of Inversion in Remote Sensing and Indirect Measurements, S.Twomey, ed. (Elsevier, 1977).

A. Ansmann and D. Müller, “Lidar and atmospheric aerosol particles,” in “Lidar. Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere,” C.Weitkamp, ed. (Springer, 2005), pp. 105–141.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measurement at Leipzig on 22 July 2004 from 19:47–20:53 UTC. (a) Time–height plot of the range-corrected backscatter signal at 1064 nm . (b) Particle backscatter coefficient at 532 nm (smoothing length of 60 m ). Also shown is the profile of relative humidity. The profile was taken with a radiosonde launched approximately 40 km to the northwest of Leipzig. Error bars denote 1 standard deviation. (c) Results of “footprint” calculations with FLEXPART. Results are shown for the lidar observation (19:47–20:53 UTC) at Leipzig. The footprint is related to the plume at 4 5 km over Leipzig. The FLEXPART simulations are provided for the ICARTT campaign by A. Stohl (Norwegian Institute for Air Research, http://www.nilu.no).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement at Leipzig on 22 July 2004. Data were taken from 19:47–20:53 UTC. Shown are (a) the particle backscatter coefficients [355 (dark blue and light blue), 532 (dark green and light green), and 1064 nm (red and orange)], (b) the extinction coefficients at 355 and 532 nm , (c) the lidar ratios at 355 and 532 nm , (d) the Ångström exponents related to the extinction coefficients ( black = 355 / 532 nm wavelength pair) and the Ångström exponents related to the backscatter coefficients ( blue = 355 / 532 nm ; red = 532 / 1064 nm ). Error bars denote 1 standard deviation. In the case of the backscatter coefficients, we show the unsmoothed profiles (vertical resolution of 60 m ) and backscatter profiles (blue, light green, and red) that were smoothed with the same smoothing length like the profiles of the extinction coefficients; in that case, the vertical resolution is 300 m up to 2 km height, 660 m up to 3 km , and 1260 m above 3 km . These profiles were used for the data inversion. Results from inversion with 1-D regularization (open circles; gray bars denote 1 standard deviation) and 2-D regularization (bullets; error bars denote 1 standard deviation) present (e) effective radius, (f) number, (g) surface-area, and (h) volume concentrations, (i) the real and (j) the imaginary parts of the complex refractive, (k) single-scattering albedo at 532 nm , and (l) ratio of effective radius below 1 μm particle radius to effective radius of total size distribution. We also show the results for nine height layers in which we applied 1-D regularization in the traditional way (stars). The vertical error bars describe the height interval across which the optical input data were averaged. Red boxes show the results from the aircraft observations for three height levels. Measurements took place over Santiago (Spain) from 11:30–16:30 UTC on 22 July 2004. Fire plumes were encountered between 3 and 9 km altitude. The black horizontal line at 2430 m indicates the top of the planetary boundary layer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Examples of three PSDs derived with the inversion methodology (using 2-D regularization) and measured in situ. The PSDs were measured at three flight levels with aircraft (thin curve). The flight levels are (a)  3830 m , (b)  4800 5400 m , and (c)  5730 m . We obtained PSDs from the inversion method (thick curve) for each height level that is marked with a symbol in Fig. 2. The size distributions shown in this figure are the ones nearest to the flight levels, i.e., (a)  3810 m , (b)  5010 m , and (c)  5910 m .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Parameters That Describe PSDs in One Flight Level ( 3830 m for In Situ and 3810 m for Inversion) a

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