Abstract

In this paper, we model and experimentally observe the far-field radiation produced by interfering beams propagating in two-dimensional (2D) slab waveguides. Using a transmission-line analogy, we compare the 2D propagation with standard three-dimensional (3D) far-field representations and derive the 2D conditions for using standard far-field approximations. Then we test our theoretical results by experimentally observing the 2D far-field pattern produced by a 1×3 multimode interference (MMI) coupler on a silicon nanomembrane. The MMI outputs are connected to a slab silicon waveguide, and the far field is observed at the edge of the silicon slab. This represents the observation of 2D far-field pattern produced by an array of on-chip radiators.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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