Abstract

We have studied the random laser action in Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) ethylene glycol solution with Al nanoparticles. The experiment results are obtained by pumping with a nanosecond (7ns) laser pulse, which demonstrated the existence of effective random laser emission. It is found that the threshold of the random laser depends on the concentration of the Rh6G and the concentration of Al nanoparticles. The concentration and diameter of Al nanoparticles have effects on the optical path; a higher concentration or a larger diameter results in a shorter optical path length. Also multimode survival and mode competition have been observed at a relatively high concentration (0.08M) of Rh6G, where the concentration of Al nanoparticles is 0.0015M.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2010

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kitur, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the random laser behavior on the concentrations of dye and scatterers,” J. Opt. 12, 024009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

X. Wu and H. Cao, “Statistical studies of random-lasing modes and amplified spontaneous-emission spikes in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013832 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16, 12251–12263 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nature Phys. 4, 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. De Matos, C. M. B. Cordeiro, E. M. dos Santos, J. S. Ong, A. Bozolan, and C. H. Brito Cruz, “Liquid-core, liquid-cladding photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 11207–11212(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, “Random lasing in human tissues,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289–1291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84(2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. K. Thareja and A. Mitra, “Random laser action in ZnO,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 181–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, “Coherent backscattering in a disordered optical medium in the presence of saturation absorption,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 11139–11142(1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, M. A. I. Talukder, M. Matsumoto, and M. Tomita, “Excitation-power-dependent spectral shift in photoluminescence in dye molecules in strongly scattering optical media,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 50–53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1968

V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840 (1968).

Al-Saleh, M.

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Al-Saleh1, M.

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

Aramburu, I.

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, A. A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bahoura, M.

J. Kitur, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the random laser behavior on the concentrations of dye and scatterers,” J. Opt. 12, 024009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balachandran, R. M.

Balda, R.

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16, 12251–12263 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Botten, L. C.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bouvy, C.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozolan, A.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Brito-Silva, A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

X. Wu and H. Cao, “Statistical studies of random-lasing modes and amplified spontaneous-emission spikes in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013832 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chabanov, A. A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chelnokov, E.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cui, H.

Davidov, D.

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Matos, C. J.

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

dos Santos, E. M.

Fan, S.

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, W.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16, 12251–12263 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Ramiro, B.

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Ramiro, B.

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16, 12251–12263 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

Gomes, A. S. L.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, K. M.

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84(2001).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Illarramendi, M. A.

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. García-Revilla, J. Fernández, M. A. Illarramendi, B. García-Ramiro, R. Balda, H. Cui, M. Zayat, and D. Levy, “Ultrafast random laser emission in a dye-doped silica gel powder,” Opt. Express 16, 12251–12263 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

Kitur, J.

J. Kitur, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the random laser behavior on the concentrations of dye and scatterers,” J. Opt. 12, 024009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

Lan, R.

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

Letokhov, V.

V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840 (1968).

Levy, D.

Li, Q.

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84(2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marine, W.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez Gámez, M. A.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martinez Gámez, M. A.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, M.

K. Totsuka, M. A. I. Talukder, M. Matsumoto, and M. Tomita, “Excitation-power-dependent spectral shift in photoluminescence in dye molecules in strongly scattering optical media,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 50–53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Menezes, L. de S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhail,

Noginov and Mikhail, Solid-State Random Lasers, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2005), p. 105.

Mitra, A.

R. K. Thareja and A. Mitra, “Random laser action in ZnO,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 181–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mosk, A. P.

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Noginov,

Noginov and Mikhail, Solid-State Random Lasers, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2005), p. 105.

Noginov, M. A.

J. Kitur, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the random laser behavior on the concentrations of dye and scatterers,” J. Opt. 12, 024009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N. E.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ong, J. S.

Pacheco, D. P.

Polson, R.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, “Random lasing in human tissues,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289–1291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Popov, O.

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sebbah, P.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84(2001).
[CrossRef]

Sporken, R.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, B.-L.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talukder, M. A. I.

K. Totsuka, M. A. I. Talukder, M. Matsumoto, and M. Tomita, “Excitation-power-dependent spectral shift in photoluminescence in dye molecules in strongly scattering optical media,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 50–53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thareja, R. K.

R. K. Thareja and A. Mitra, “Random laser action in ZnO,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 181–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, M.

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, “Coherent backscattering in a disordered optical medium in the presence of saturation absorption,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 11139–11142(1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, M. A. I. Talukder, M. Matsumoto, and M. Tomita, “Excitation-power-dependent spectral shift in photoluminescence in dye molecules in strongly scattering optical media,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 50–53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Totsuka, K.

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, M. A. I. Talukder, M. Matsumoto, and M. Tomita, “Excitation-power-dependent spectral shift in photoluminescence in dye molecules in strongly scattering optical media,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 50–53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, “Coherent backscattering in a disordered optical medium in the presence of saturation absorption,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 11139–11142(1999).
[CrossRef]

van der Molen, K. L.

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van Soest, G.

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

Vanneste, C.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vardeny, Z.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, “Random lasing in human tissues,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289–1291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Venkateswarlu, P.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nature Phys. 4, 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

X. Wu and H. Cao, “Statistical studies of random-lasing modes and amplified spontaneous-emission spikes in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013832 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamilov, A.

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zayat, M.

Zhai, T.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. Z.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, R.

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

J. Kitur, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the random laser behavior on the concentrations of dye and scatterers,” J. Opt. 12, 024009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zilbershtein, A.

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

R. K. Thareja and A. Mitra, “Random laser action in ZnO,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 181–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Polson and Z. Vardeny, “Random lasing in human tissues,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289–1291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, “Random lasing from dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced gain at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

B. García-Ramiro, I. Aramburu, M. A. Illarramendi, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Study of lasing threshold and efficiency in laser crystal powders,” Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 195–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

K. Totsuka, G. van Soest, T. Ito, A. Lagendijk, and M. Tomita, “Amplification and diffusion of spontaneous emission in strongly scattering medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 7623–7628(2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt.

J. Kitur, G. Zhu, M. Bahoura, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the random laser behavior on the concentrations of dye and scatterers,” J. Opt. 12, 024009 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh1, “Transport mean free path in K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 laser crystal powders,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 036206(2007).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, B. Garcia-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al-Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

C. Bouvy, E. Chelnokov, R. Zhao, W. Marine, R. Sporken, and B.-L. Su, “Random laser action of ZnO@mesoporous silicas,” Nanotechnology 19, 105710 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Phys.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nature Phys. 4, 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Photonics News

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random laser action in the core of a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Photonics News 19(12), 27 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

X. Wu and H. Cao, “Statistical studies of random-lasing modes and amplified spontaneous-emission spikes in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013832 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, A. P. Mosk, and A. Lagendijk, “Relaxation oscillations in long-pulsed random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 055803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhai, Y. Zhou, S. Chen, Z. Wang, J. Shi, D. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Pulse-duration-dependent and temperature-tunable random lasing in a weakly scattering structure formed by speckles,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023824 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, W. Fang, A. Yamilov, A. A. Chabanov, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, and H. Cao, “Random lasing in weakly scattering systems,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, “Coherent backscattering in a disordered optical medium in the presence of saturation absorption,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 11139–11142(1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, M. A. I. Talukder, M. Matsumoto, and M. Tomita, “Excitation-power-dependent spectral shift in photoluminescence in dye molecules in strongly scattering optical media,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 50–53 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, “Lasing with resonant feedback in weakly scattering random systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. de S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153903(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, D. Z. Zhang, S. H. Chang, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5584–5587 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Physica B

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84(2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

S. Fan, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, and R. Lan, “Comparison of various emissions from the laser dye solution under picosecond laser pulse pumping,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 738235–738237 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP

V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840 (1968).

Waves Random Media

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13, R1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

Noginov and Mikhail, Solid-State Random Lasers, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2005), p. 105.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The spectra of Rhodamine 6G with Al nanoparticles as a function of the pumping energy. The concentration of the Rh6G and the Al nanaoarticles are 0.02 and 0.0015 M , respectively. (b) Spectra linewidth (triangles) and the peak intensity (squares) as a function of pumping energy. (c) Spectra of Rhodamine 6G without Al nanoparticles as a function of the pumping energy. The concentration of the Rh6G is 0.02 M .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The FWHM of the spectra is a function of the pumping energy from the solutions with different Rh6G concentrations, where the Al nanoparticles concentration is kept at 0.0015 M .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The FWHM of the spectra as a function of pump energy. (b) The emission peak maximum as a function of pump energy from the solutions with different Al nanoparticles concentration, where the Rh6G concentration is kept at 0.05 M .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The FWHM of the spectra (a) and the maximum of the emission peak (b) is a function of the pump energy in the solutions with different Al nanoparticles diameters, where the concentration of Rh6G and Al nanoparticles is 0.05 and 0.006 M , respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The spectra of Rh6G with Al nanoparticles are a function of the pump energy, where the concentration of the Rh6G and the Al nanaoarticles are 0.08 and 0.0015 M , respectively.

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