Abstract

New optical phasing sensor technologies have been studied with a test bench experiment, called Active Phasing Experiment, on-sky at the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope. One of the sensors was of the Shack–Hartmann type using cylindrical lenslets across the segment borders for the measurement of the phasing errors. With bright stars, the precision of the measurement of piston steps at a single border was better than 9 nm wavefront RMS, and the precision of the closed-loop correction of the piston errors of the segments across the whole mirror was better than 10 nm wavefront RMS. With dimmer stars of magnitude up to 14.5, precisions of the order of 22 nm wavefront RMS were obtained.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders , “Status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio , “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. A. Chanan , M. Troy , F. Dekens , M. Scott , J. Nelson , T. Mast , and D. Kirkmann , “Phasing the mirror segments of the Keck telescopes: the broadband phasing algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 37, 140–155 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. A. Chanan , C. Ohara , and M. Troy , “Phasing the mirror segments of the Keck telescopes the broadband phasing algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 37, 140–155 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Gonté , C. Dupuy , B. Luong , C. Frank , R. Brast , and S. Babak , “Active hexagonally segmented mirror to investigate new optical phasing technologies for segmented telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6392–6399 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Wilhelm , B. Luong , A. Courteville , S. Estival , F. Gonte , and N. Schuhler , “Dual-wavelength low-coherence instantaneous phase-shifting interferometer to measure the shape of a segmented mirror with subnanometer precision,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5473–5491 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Noethe and H.-M. Adorf , “Optical measurements of phase steps in segmented mirrors-fundamental precision limits,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 3–31 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. S. Bessel , “UBVRI photometry. II. The Cousins VRI system, its temperature and absolute flux calibration, and relevance for two-dimensional photometry,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 91, 589–607 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

R. Wilhelm , B. Luong , A. Courteville , S. Estival , F. Gonte , and N. Schuhler , “Dual-wavelength low-coherence instantaneous phase-shifting interferometer to measure the shape of a segmented mirror with subnanometer precision,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5473–5491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders , “Status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio , “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

L. Noethe and H.-M. Adorf , “Optical measurements of phase steps in segmented mirrors-fundamental precision limits,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 3–31 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1998

1979

M. S. Bessel , “UBVRI photometry. II. The Cousins VRI system, its temperature and absolute flux calibration, and relevance for two-dimensional photometry,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 91, 589–607 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Adorf, H.-M.

L. Noethe and H.-M. Adorf , “Optical measurements of phase steps in segmented mirrors-fundamental precision limits,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 3–31 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Araujo, C.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Babak, S.

Bessel, M. S.

M. S. Bessel , “UBVRI photometry. II. The Cousins VRI system, its temperature and absolute flux calibration, and relevance for two-dimensional photometry,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 91, 589–607 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bourtembourg, R.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Brast, R.

F. Gonté , C. Dupuy , B. Luong , C. Frank , R. Brast , and S. Babak , “Active hexagonally segmented mirror to investigate new optical phasing technologies for segmented telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6392–6399 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chanan, G. A.

Checa, S.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Courteville, A.

Dekens, F.

Derie, F.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Duhoux, P.

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Dupuy, C.

F. Gonté , C. Dupuy , B. Luong , C. Frank , R. Brast , and S. Babak , “Active hexagonally segmented mirror to investigate new optical phasing technologies for segmented telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6392–6399 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Estival, S.

Frank, C.

F. Gonté , C. Dupuy , B. Luong , C. Frank , R. Brast , and S. Babak , “Active hexagonally segmented mirror to investigate new optical phasing technologies for segmented telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6392–6399 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gilmozzi, R.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio , “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gonte, F.

R. Wilhelm , B. Luong , A. Courteville , S. Estival , F. Gonte , and N. Schuhler , “Dual-wavelength low-coherence instantaneous phase-shifting interferometer to measure the shape of a segmented mirror with subnanometer precision,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5473–5491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gonté, F.

F. Gonté , C. Dupuy , B. Luong , C. Frank , R. Brast , and S. Babak , “Active hexagonally segmented mirror to investigate new optical phasing technologies for segmented telescopes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6392–6399 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Karban, R.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kirkmann, D.

Luong, B.

Mast, T.

Mazzoleni, R.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, J.

Noethe, L.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Noethe and H.-M. Adorf , “Optical measurements of phase steps in segmented mirrors-fundamental precision limits,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 3–31 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, C.

Pinna, E.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, G. H.

J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders , “Status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schuhler, N.

Scott, M.

Spyromilio, J.

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio , “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Surdej, I.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Troy, M.

Vigan, A.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Whilhlem, R.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, R.

Yaitskova, N.

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Mod. Opt.

L. Noethe and H.-M. Adorf , “Optical measurements of phase steps in segmented mirrors-fundamental precision limits,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 3–31 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Nelson and G. H. Sanders , “Status of the Thirty Meter Telescope project,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70121A (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonté , C. Araujo , R. Bourtembourg , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , R. Mazzoleni , L. Noethe , I. Surdej , N. Yaitskova , R. Whilhlem , B. Luong , E. Pinna , S. Checa , and A. Vigan , “Active phasing experiment: preliminary results,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70120Z(2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

R. Mazzoleni , F. Gonte , I. Surdej , C. Araujo , R. Brast , F. Derie , P. Duhoux , C. Dupuy , C. Frank , R. Karban , L. Noethe , and N. Yaitskova , “Design and performances of the Shack–Hartmann sensor within the Active Phasing Experiment,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 70123A (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Gilmozzi and J. Spyromilio , “The 42 m European ELT: status,” Proc. SPIE 7012, 701219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

M. S. Bessel , “UBVRI photometry. II. The Cousins VRI system, its temperature and absolute flux calibration, and relevance for two-dimensional photometry,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 91, 589–607 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics