We present a single-cell gap-transflective liquid crystal display (LCD) characterized by a π cell having bulk-type liquid crystal (LC) bistability and an optical film configuration. The π cell has two stable states, which are a twisted and a nontwisted LC state. We used the twisted LC state for the reflective part connected with nonpatterned electrodes, producing a vertical field in the proposed transflective LCD. Also the nontwisted LC state was for the transmissive part with interdigitated patterned electrodes driving an in-plane field in the device. The simulated and experimental results show good electro-optical characteristics in both the reflective and transmissive parts.
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