Abstract

The airglow continuum in the immediate vicinity of the strong line emissions of the airglow is measured by introducing a second rotating polarizer to the birefringent filter. The results are compared with those obtained by other workers using different techniques. It is shown that the method would be useful for the study of the continuum in the immediate vicinity of the airglow.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Aurora and the Airglow (Academic Press Inc., London, 1961).
  2. V. I. Krasovskiy, N. N. Shefov, V. I. Yarin, Planetary Space Sci. 9, 883 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. E. Blackwell, M. F. Ingham, H. Rundle, Astrophys. J. 131, 15 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 1, 25 (1959).
  5. N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 57 (1960).
  6. N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 39 (1961).
  7. O. G. Taranova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 8, 21 (1962).
  8. V. I. Yarin, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 35 (1961).
  9. F. E. Roach, H. B. Pettit, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 325 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. J. O’Brien, G. Harpe, J. Sci. Instr. 37, 54 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. B. Dunn, E. R. Manring, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 572 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. Koomen, D. M. Packer, R. Tousey, in The Air-glow aud the Aurorae, A. Dalgarno, E. B. Armstrong, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Ltd., London, 1956).
  13. Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. R. Manring, Airglow Calibration Symposium, G. J. Hernandez, A. L. Carrigan, Eds., AFCRL Special Report No. 22 (1964).
  15. B. S. Dandekar, J. C. Pomalaza, W. F. Bellew, Appl. Opt. 4, 295 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. M. Silverman, F. Ward, R. Shapiro, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 2255 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 18 (1961).
  18. N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 6, 21 (1961).
  19. H. W. Babcock, J. J. Johnson, Astrophys. J. 94, 271 (1942).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Dufay, Bull. Obs. Lyon. 10, 1 (1928).
  21. V. M. Morozov, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser. (1962), p. 375.
  22. Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 1 (1963).
  23. Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 8 (1963).
  24. L. M. Fishkova, G. V. Markova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 49 (1960).
  25. F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, Astrophys. J. 133, 228 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  26. F. E. Roach, L. L. Smith, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) Tech. Note No. 214 (1964).

1965 (1)

1963 (2)

Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 1 (1963).

Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 8 (1963).

1962 (4)

V. M. Morozov, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser. (1962), p. 375.

S. M. Silverman, F. Ward, R. Shapiro, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 2255 (1962).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Krasovskiy, N. N. Shefov, V. I. Yarin, Planetary Space Sci. 9, 883 (1962).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Taranova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 8, 21 (1962).

1961 (5)

V. I. Yarin, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 35 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 39 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 18 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 6, 21 (1961).

F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, Astrophys. J. 133, 228 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1960 (4)

L. M. Fishkova, G. V. Markova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 49 (1960).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 57 (1960).

D. E. Blackwell, M. F. Ingham, H. Rundle, Astrophys. J. 131, 15 (1960).
[CrossRef]

B. J. O’Brien, G. Harpe, J. Sci. Instr. 37, 54 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 1, 25 (1959).

1958 (1)

Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

1951 (1)

F. E. Roach, H. B. Pettit, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 325 (1951).
[CrossRef]

1942 (1)

H. W. Babcock, J. J. Johnson, Astrophys. J. 94, 271 (1942).
[CrossRef]

1928 (1)

J. Dufay, Bull. Obs. Lyon. 10, 1 (1928).

Babcock, H. W.

H. W. Babcock, J. J. Johnson, Astrophys. J. 94, 271 (1942).
[CrossRef]

Bellew, W. F.

Blackwell, D. E.

D. E. Blackwell, M. F. Ingham, H. Rundle, Astrophys. J. 131, 15 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Chamberlain, J. W.

J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Aurora and the Airglow (Academic Press Inc., London, 1961).

Dandekar, B. S.

Dufay, J.

J. Dufay, Bull. Obs. Lyon. 10, 1 (1928).

Dunn, R. B.

Fishkova, L. M.

L. M. Fishkova, G. V. Markova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 49 (1960).

Harpe, G.

B. J. O’Brien, G. Harpe, J. Sci. Instr. 37, 54 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Ingham, M. F.

D. E. Blackwell, M. F. Ingham, H. Rundle, Astrophys. J. 131, 15 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. J.

H. W. Babcock, J. J. Johnson, Astrophys. J. 94, 271 (1942).
[CrossRef]

Koomen, M. J.

M. J. Koomen, D. M. Packer, R. Tousey, in The Air-glow aud the Aurorae, A. Dalgarno, E. B. Armstrong, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Ltd., London, 1956).

Krasovskiy, V. I.

V. I. Krasovskiy, N. N. Shefov, V. I. Yarin, Planetary Space Sci. 9, 883 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Manring, E. R.

R. B. Dunn, E. R. Manring, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 572 (1956).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Manring, Airglow Calibration Symposium, G. J. Hernandez, A. L. Carrigan, Eds., AFCRL Special Report No. 22 (1964).

Markova, G. V.

L. M. Fishkova, G. V. Markova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 49 (1960).

Marovich, E.

Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Megill, L. R.

F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, Astrophys. J. 133, 228 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Morozov, V. M.

V. M. Morozov, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser. (1962), p. 375.

O’Brien, B. J.

B. J. O’Brien, G. Harpe, J. Sci. Instr. 37, 54 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Packer, D. M.

M. J. Koomen, D. M. Packer, R. Tousey, in The Air-glow aud the Aurorae, A. Dalgarno, E. B. Armstrong, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Ltd., London, 1956).

Pettit, H. B.

F. E. Roach, H. B. Pettit, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 325 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Pomalaza, J. C.

Rees, M. H.

Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Roach, F. E.

F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, Astrophys. J. 133, 228 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Roach, H. B. Pettit, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 325 (1951).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Roach, L. L. Smith, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) Tech. Note No. 214 (1964).

Rundle, H.

D. E. Blackwell, M. F. Ingham, H. Rundle, Astrophys. J. 131, 15 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, R.

S. M. Silverman, F. Ward, R. Shapiro, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 2255 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Shefov, N. N.

V. I. Krasovskiy, N. N. Shefov, V. I. Yarin, Planetary Space Sci. 9, 883 (1962).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 39 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 18 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 6, 21 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 57 (1960).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 1, 25 (1959).

Silverman, S. M.

S. M. Silverman, F. Ward, R. Shapiro, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 2255 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. L.

F. E. Roach, L. L. Smith, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) Tech. Note No. 214 (1964).

Taranova, O. G.

O. G. Taranova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 8, 21 (1962).

Tousey, R.

M. J. Koomen, D. M. Packer, R. Tousey, in The Air-glow aud the Aurorae, A. Dalgarno, E. B. Armstrong, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Ltd., London, 1956).

Truttse, Y. L.

Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 1 (1963).

Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 8 (1963).

Ward, F.

S. M. Silverman, F. Ward, R. Shapiro, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 2255 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Yarin, V. I.

V. I. Krasovskiy, N. N. Shefov, V. I. Yarin, Planetary Space Sci. 9, 883 (1962).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Yarin, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 35 (1961).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astrophys. J. (3)

D. E. Blackwell, M. F. Ingham, H. Rundle, Astrophys. J. 131, 15 (1960).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Babcock, J. J. Johnson, Astrophys. J. 94, 271 (1942).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, Astrophys. J. 133, 228 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser. (1)

V. M. Morozov, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser. (1962), p. 375.

Bull. Obs. Lyon. (1)

J. Dufay, Bull. Obs. Lyon. 10, 1 (1928).

J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. (1)

Compare, for example, F. E. Roach, L. R. Megill, M. H. Rees, E. Marovich, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 12, 171 (1958); E. R. Manring, H. B. Pettit., J. Geophys. Res. 64, 149 (1959).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

S. M. Silverman, F. Ward, R. Shapiro, J. Geophys. Res. 67, 2255 (1962).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Roach, H. B. Pettit, J. Geophys. Res. 56, 325 (1951).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Sci. Instr. (1)

B. J. O’Brien, G. Harpe, J. Sci. Instr. 37, 54 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Planetary Space Sci. (1)

V. I. Krasovskiy, N. N. Shefov, V. I. Yarin, Planetary Space Sci. 9, 883 (1962).
[CrossRef]

USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow (10)

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 1, 25 (1959).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 57 (1960).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 39 (1961).

O. G. Taranova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 8, 21 (1962).

V. I. Yarin, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 35 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 5, 18 (1961).

N. N. Shefov, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 6, 21 (1961).

Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 1 (1963).

Y. L. Truttse, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 10, 8 (1963).

L. M. Fishkova, G. V. Markova, USSR I.G.Y. Results Aurorae and Airglow 2–3, 49 (1960).

Other (4)

F. E. Roach, L. L. Smith, Natl. Bur. Std. (U.S.) Tech. Note No. 214 (1964).

M. J. Koomen, D. M. Packer, R. Tousey, in The Air-glow aud the Aurorae, A. Dalgarno, E. B. Armstrong, Eds. (Pergamon Press, Ltd., London, 1956).

E. R. Manring, Airglow Calibration Symposium, G. J. Hernandez, A. L. Carrigan, Eds., AFCRL Special Report No. 22 (1964).

J. W. Chamberlain, Physics of the Aurora and the Airglow (Academic Press Inc., London, 1961).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical trace of the airglow observations obtained by using the second rotating polarizer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plot of the airglow continuum measured through the yellow filter against that measured through the green filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of the airglow continuum measured through the red filter against that measured through the green filter.

Tables (1)

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Table I Summary of Observations

Equations (1)

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e 0 ( t ) = K [ cos 2 β t { L ( t ) + C ( t ) } + L ( t ) ] ,

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