Abstract

Leakage radiation microscopy (LRM) is used to directly image surface-plasmon-coupled emission (SPCE). When compared with the prism-based setup commonly used in SPCE research, LRM has the advantages of directly giving out the emitting direction without angle scanning, and the image generated of surface plasmon polariton (SPPs) propagation, which helps to understand the optical process of SPCE. LRM also can give a clearer SPCE image than that obtained by a prism-based setup. Based on the LRM, we find that the SPCE pattern and propagation of SPPs can be modified by the shape of PMMA films containing fluorescence molecules.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 3. Surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 153–169 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76, 2168–2173 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. S. Smith, Y. Kostov, G. Rao, “Signal enhancement of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission by a conical mirror,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5229–5234 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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2009 (2)

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Sathish, Y. Kostov, G. Rao, “Spectral resolution of molecular ensembles under ambient conditions using surface plasmon coupled fluorescence emission,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5348–5353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Smith, Y. Kostov, G. Rao, “Signal enhancement of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission by a conical mirror,” Appl. Opt. 47, 5229–5234 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Hiep, M. Fujii, S. Hayashi, “Effects of molecular orientation on surface-plasmon-coupled emission patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, G. P. Wiederrecht, “Excitation of broadband surface plasmon polaritons: plasmonic continuum spectros copy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 195406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 3. Surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 153–169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76, 2168–2173 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baida, F. I.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, G. P. Wiederrecht, “Excitation of broadband surface plasmon polaritons: plasmonic continuum spectros copy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 195406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Calander, N.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76, 2168–2173 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colas des Francs, G.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enderlein, J.

K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

H. M. Hiep, M. Fujii, S. Hayashi, “Effects of molecular orientation on surface-plasmon-coupled emission patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Galler, N.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goldys, E. M.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

González, M. U.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gonzàlez, M. U.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

Grandidier, J.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Güntherodt, H.-J.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

H. M. Hiep, M. Fujii, S. Hayashi, “Effects of molecular orientation on surface-plasmon-coupled emission patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hiep, H. M.

H. M. Hiep, M. Fujii, S. Hayashi, “Effects of molecular orientation on surface-plasmon-coupled emission patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huser, Th.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kostov, Y.

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakowicz, J. R.

K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 3. Surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 153–169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malicka, J.

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Markey, L.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Massenot, S.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ming, H.

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Pohl, D. W.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Rao, G.

Ray, K.

K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renger, J.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sathish, R. S.

Smith, D. S.

Steinberger, B.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. L.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohenau, J. R. Krenn, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, “Dielectric optical elements for surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 30, 893–895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szmacinski, H.

K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamaru, H.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Van Labeke, D.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J.-C.

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. Bouhelier, G. P. Wiederrecht, “Excitation of broadband surface plasmon polaritons: plasmonic continuum spectros copy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 195406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, G. H.

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.-C.

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. G.

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem. (2)

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 4. Experimental studies of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, “Radiative decay engineering 3. Surface plasmon-coupled directional emission,” Anal. Biochem. 324, 153–169 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

N. Calander, “Theory and simulation of surface plasmon-coupled directional emission from fluorophores at planar structures,” Anal. Chem. 76, 2168–2173 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K. Ray, H. Szmacinski, J. Enderlein, J. R. Lakowicz, “Distance dependence of surface plasmon-coupled emission observed using Langmuir–Blodgett films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 251116 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Hiep, M. Fujii, S. Hayashi, “Effects of molecular orientation on surface-plasmon-coupled emission patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quidant, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, A. L. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, N. Galler, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “How to erase surface plasmon fringes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Zhang, X.-C. Yuan, A. Bouhelier, G. H. Yuan, P. Wang, H. Ming, “Active control of surface plasmon polaritons by optical isomerization of an azobenzene polymer film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1)

J. R. Lakowicz, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional surface plasmon-coupled emission: a new method for high sensitivity detection,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 307, 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, Z. Gryczynski, J. R. Lakowicz, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission with gold films,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12568–12574 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Grandidier, S. Massenot, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bouhelier, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. González, R. Quidant, “Dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides: figures of merit and mode characterization by image and Fourier plane leakage microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 245419 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, G. P. Wiederrecht, “Excitation of broadband surface plasmon polaritons: plasmonic continuum spectros copy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 195406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, J. R. Lakowicz, E. M. Goldys, N. Calander, Z. Gryczynski, “Directional two-photon induced surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Thin Solid Films 491, 173–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the experimental setup. BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Boundary between RhB-molecule-doped PMMA film and air on silver film. The polarization of the pump beam is vertical to the boundary line (dashed line), the normal line of the boundary plane is along the X axis. (a) Bright-field transmission image; the dashed-line circle represents the irradiated place. (b) Direct-space florescence image. (c) and (d) Fourier plane fluorescence image with exciting beam focused on the boundary and PMMA part. The white dashed line represents the boundary between air and PMMA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SPR curves with PMMA film thickness d = 0 nm and d = 80 nm for two SPPs waves generated on air/Ag/glass interface and air/PMMA/Ag/glass systems.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RhB-molecule-doped PMMA stripe on silver film. (a) Bright-field transmission image of PMMA stripe; the dashed-line circle represents the irradiated place. (b) Direct-space fluorescence image. (c) Fourier plane fluorescence image.

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