Abstract

Regionally specific vicarious calibration coefficients for ocean color sensors have been computed for the visible bands using the normalized water leaving radiance Lwn collected at sites in the northern Adriatic Sea and Baltic Proper. These coefficients are consistent with those found in oligotrophic waters for the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) . The extension of the vicarious calibration process to the near-infrared is investigated by taking advantage of the field data of aerosol optical thickness coincident with Lwn. Results further confirm the importance of accurately modeling and identifying the aerosol components in atmospheric correction schemes.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  60. D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, “A statistical method for generating cross-mission consistent normalized water-leaving radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 4075–4093 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, “Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS aerosol products with globally distributed AERONET data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 230–250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary prod ucts at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

M. Clerici, F. Mélin, “Aerosol direct radiative forcing in the Po Valley region derived from AERONET measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 4925–4946 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Bailey, S. B. Hooker, D. Antoine, B. A. Franz, P. J. Werdell, “Sources and assumptions for the vicarious calibration of ocean color satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2035–2045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, “A statistical method for generating cross-mission consistent normalized water-leaving radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 4075–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Development and validation of a technique for merging satellite derived aerosol optical depth from SeaWiFS and MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 108, 436–450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “An optically-based technique for producing merged spectra of water leaving radiances from ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3856–3869 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Werdell, S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, A. Morel, C. R. McClain, “On-orbit vicarious calibration of ocean color sensors using an ocean surface reflectance model,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5649–5666 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, C. R. McClain, “Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5068–5082 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “A statistical index of bio-optical sea-water types,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2644–2651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, “A multi-sensor approach for the on-orbit validation of ocean color satellite data products,” Remote Sens. Environ. 102, 12–23 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, N. Strömbeck, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Tower based radiometric observations at a coastal site in the Baltic Proper,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69, 649–654 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. Bulgarelli, “Aerosol variability in the Adriatic Sea from automated optical field measurements and SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D22201, (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Comparison of SeaWiFS, MODIS and MERIS radiometric products at a coastal site,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L06617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (6)

N. Martiny, R. Frouin, R. Santer, “Radiometric calibration of SeaWiFS in the near infrared,” Appl. Opt. 44, 7828–7844 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wang, “A refinement for the Rayleigh radiance computation with variation of the atmospheric pressure,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 5651–5663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Kowalczuk, J. Olszewski, M. Darecki, S. Kaczmarek, “Empirical relationships between colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption and apparent optical properties in Baltic Sea waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 345–370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Carlund, B. Hakånsson, P. Land, “Aerosol optical depth over the Baltic Sea derived from AERONET and SeaWiFS measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 233–245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “Aerosol variability in the Po Valley analyzed from automated optical measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L03810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Berthon, G. Zibordi, “Bio-optical relationships for the northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 1527–1532 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, B. N. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 401–415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

M. Wang, H. R. Gordon, “Calibration of ocean color scanners: how much error is acceptable in the near infrared?,” Remote Sens. Environ. 82, 497–504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, D. Antoine, B. Gentili, “Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: accounting for Raman emission and varying particle scattering phase function,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6289–6306 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sturm, G. Zibordi, “SeaWiFS atmospheric correction by an approximate model and vicarious calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 489–501 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohde, B. Sturm, H. Siegel, “Derivation of SeaWiFS vicarious calibration coefficients using in situ measurements in Case 2 water of the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 80, 248–255 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

C. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andréfouët, K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction of LANDSAT-7/ATM+ imagery over aquatic environments: a multiplatform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Eplee, W. D. Robinson, S. W. Bailey, D. K. Clark, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. A. Barnes, C. R. McClain, “Calibration of SeaWiFS. II. Vicarious techniques,” Appl. Opt. 40, 6701–6718 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, R. A. Barnes, C. R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near- surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40, 343–348 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (7)

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, “Comparing the ocean color measurements between MOS and SeaWiFS: a vicarious intercalibration approach for MOS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 184–197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, “The calibration and validation of SeaWiFS data,” Prog. Oceanogr. 45, 427–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, O. Dubovik, I. Slutsker, “Cloud-screening and quality control algorithms for the AERONET database,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 337–349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Siegel, M. Wang, S. Maritorena, W. Robinson, “Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery: the black pixel assumption,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3582–3591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuśmierczyk-Michulec, R. Marks, “The influence of sea-salt aerosols on the atmospheric extinction over the Baltic and the North Seas,” J. Aerosol Sci. 31, 1299–1316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, “In-orbit calibration strategy for ocean color sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 63, 265–278 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1989 (1)

V. V. Salomonson, W. L. Barnes, P. W. Maymon, H. E. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–152 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

H. R. Gordon, “Calibration requirements and methodology for remote sensors viewing the ocean in the visible,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 103–126 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, D. J. Castaño, “Coastal Zone Color Scanner atmospheric correction algorithm: multiple scattering effects,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2111–2122 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

Al Mandoos, A.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andréfouët, S.

C. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andréfouët, K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction of LANDSAT-7/ATM+ imagery over aquatic environments: a multiplatform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, D.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Bailey, S. B. Hooker, D. Antoine, B. A. Franz, P. J. Werdell, “Sources and assumptions for the vicarious calibration of ocean color satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2035–2045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Morel, D. Antoine, B. Gentili, “Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: accounting for Raman emission and varying particle scattering phase function,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6289–6306 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnone, R. A.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially coupled ocean-atmosphere model or retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892 (NASA, 2003), Vol. 22, Chap. 9, pp. 51–59.

Bailey, S. W.

Baith, K. S.

G. Fu, K. S. Baith, C. R. McClain, “SeaDAS: The SeaWiFS data analysis system,” in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Ocean Remote Sensing Conference (Beijing Fortune Quick Printing Corporation, 1998), pp. 73–79.

Barnes, R. A.

Barnes, W. L.

V. V. Salomonson, W. L. Barnes, P. W. Maymon, H. E. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–152 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bécu, G.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berthon, J.-F.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary prod ucts at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “A statistical index of bio-optical sea-water types,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2644–2651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Comparison of SeaWiFS, MODIS and MERIS radiometric products at a coastal site,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L06617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, N. Strömbeck, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Tower based radiometric observations at a coastal site in the Baltic Proper,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69, 649–654 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Berthon, G. Zibordi, “Bio-optical relationships for the northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 1527–1532 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Broenkow, W.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Brown, S. W.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Buis, J. P.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bulgarelli, B.

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. Bulgarelli, “Aerosol variability in the Adriatic Sea from automated optical field measurements and SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D22201, (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

C. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andréfouët, K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction of LANDSAT-7/ATM+ imagery over aquatic environments: a multiplatform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carlund, T.

T. Carlund, B. Hakånsson, P. Land, “Aerosol optical depth over the Baltic Sea derived from AERONET and SeaWiFS measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 233–245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Castaño, D. J.

Clark, D. K.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Eplee, W. D. Robinson, S. W. Bailey, D. K. Clark, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. A. Barnes, C. R. McClain, “Calibration of SeaWiFS. II. Vicarious techniques,” Appl. Opt. 40, 6701–6718 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, “Clear water radiances for atmospheric correction of coastal zone color scanner imagery,” Appl. Opt. 20, 4175–4180 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Clerici, M.

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, “Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS aerosol products with globally distributed AERONET data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 230–250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Clerici, F. Mélin, “Aerosol direct radiative forcing in the Po Valley region derived from AERONET measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 4925–4946 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. Bulgarelli, “Aerosol variability in the Adriatic Sea from automated optical field measurements and SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D22201, (2006).
[CrossRef]

D’Alimonte, D.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary prod ucts at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, “A statistical method for generating cross-mission consistent normalized water-leaving radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 4075–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “A statistical index of bio-optical sea-water types,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2644–2651 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Ortenzio, F.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Darecki, M.

P. Kowalczuk, J. Olszewski, M. Darecki, S. Kaczmarek, “Empirical relationships between colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption and apparent optical properties in Baltic Sea waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 345–370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Djavidnia, S.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Development and validation of a technique for merging satellite derived aerosol optical depth from SeaWiFS and MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 108, 436–450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, O. Dubovik, I. Slutsker, “Cloud-screening and quality control algorithms for the AERONET database,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 337–349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, O. Dubovik, I. Slutsker, “Cloud-screening and quality control algorithms for the AERONET database,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 337–349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eplee, R. E.

Esaias, W. E.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, C. R. McClain, “An overview of SeaWiFS and ocean color,” SeaWiFS Prelaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 1992-104566 (NASA, 1992), Vol. 1, 1–24.

Fabbri, B. E.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feinholz, M.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Feldman, G. C.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, C. R. McClain, “An overview of SeaWiFS and ocean color,” SeaWiFS Prelaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 1992-104566 (NASA, 1992), Vol. 1, 1–24.

Feng, H.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fenn, R. W.

E. P. Shettle, R. W. Fenn, “Models for the aerosols of the lower atmosphere and the effects of humidity variations on their optical properties,” Environmental research papers676, AFGL-TR-79-0214 (U.S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, 1979).

Flora, S.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Foujols, T.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franz, B. A.

Frouin, R.

Fu, G.

G. Fu, K. S. Baith, C. R. McClain, “SeaDAS: The SeaWiFS data analysis system,” in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Ocean Remote Sensing Conference (Beijing Fortune Quick Printing Corporation, 1998), pp. 73–79.

Fukushima, H.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Y.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gentili, B.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, D. Antoine, B. Gentili, “Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: accounting for Raman emission and varying particle scattering phase function,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6289–6306 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giles, D.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gillotay, D.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

M. Wang, H. R. Gordon, “Calibration of ocean color scanners: how much error is acceptable in the near infrared?,” Remote Sens. Environ. 82, 497–504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, “In-orbit calibration strategy for ocean color sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 63, 265–278 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, M. Wang, “Retrieval of water-leaving radiance and aerosol optical thickness over the oceans with SeaWiFS: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 33, 443–452 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Gordon, “Calibration requirements and methodology for remote sensors viewing the ocean in the visible,” Remote Sens. Environ. 22, 103–126 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, D. J. Castaño, “Coastal Zone Color Scanner atmospheric correction algorithm: multiple scattering effects,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2111–2122 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, “Clear water radiances for atmospheric correction of coastal zone color scanner imagery,” Appl. Opt. 20, 4175–4180 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gould, R. W.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially coupled ocean-atmosphere model or retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892 (NASA, 2003), Vol. 22, Chap. 9, pp. 51–59.

Gregg, W. W.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, C. R. McClain, “An overview of SeaWiFS and ocean color,” SeaWiFS Prelaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 1992-104566 (NASA, 1992), Vol. 1, 1–24.

Hakånsson, B.

T. Carlund, B. Hakånsson, P. Land, “Aerosol optical depth over the Baltic Sea derived from AERONET and SeaWiFS measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 233–245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hersé, M.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, “Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS aerosol products with globally distributed AERONET data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 230–250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, B. N. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 401–415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, O. Dubovik, I. Slutsker, “Cloud-screening and quality control algorithms for the AERONET database,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 337–349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. B.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Bailey, S. B. Hooker, D. Antoine, B. A. Franz, P. J. Werdell, “Sources and assumptions for the vicarious calibration of ocean color satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2035–2045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, B. N. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 401–415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, “The calibration and validation of SeaWiFS data,” Prog. Oceanogr. 45, 427–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, C. R. McClain, “An overview of SeaWiFS and ocean color,” SeaWiFS Prelaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 1992-104566 (NASA, 1992), Vol. 1, 1–24.

Hori, M.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

C. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andréfouët, K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction of LANDSAT-7/ATM+ imagery over aquatic environments: a multiplatform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jankowiak, I.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. C.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Kaczmarek, S.

P. Kowalczuk, J. Olszewski, M. Darecki, S. Kaczmarek, “Empirical relationships between colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption and apparent optical properties in Baltic Sea waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 345–370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaitala, S.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary prod ucts at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, Y. J.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. S.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik, M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kinne, S.

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kowalczuk, P.

P. Kowalczuk, J. Olszewski, M. Darecki, S. Kaczmarek, “Empirical relationships between colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption and apparent optical properties in Baltic Sea waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 345–370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kusmierczyk-Michulec, J.

J. Kuśmierczyk-Michulec, R. Marks, “The influence of sea-salt aerosols on the atmospheric extinction over the Baltic and the North Seas,” J. Aerosol Sci. 31, 1299–1316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Labs, D.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Land, P.

T. Carlund, B. Hakånsson, P. Land, “Aerosol optical depth over the Baltic Sea derived from AERONET and SeaWiFS measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 233–245 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lavenu, F.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, H.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maritorena, S.

Marks, R.

J. Kuśmierczyk-Michulec, R. Marks, “The influence of sea-salt aerosols on the atmospheric extinction over the Baltic and the North Seas,” J. Aerosol Sci. 31, 1299–1316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martinolich, P. M.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially coupled ocean-atmosphere model or retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892 (NASA, 2003), Vol. 22, Chap. 9, pp. 51–59.

Martiny, N.

Maymon, P. W.

V. V. Salomonson, W. L. Barnes, P. W. Maymon, H. E. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–152 (1989).
[CrossRef]

McClain, C. R.

P. J. Werdell, S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, A. Morel, C. R. McClain, “On-orbit vicarious calibration of ocean color sensors using an ocean surface reflectance model,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5649–5666 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, C. R. McClain, “Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5068–5082 (2007).
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R. E. Eplee, W. D. Robinson, S. W. Bailey, D. K. Clark, P. J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. A. Barnes, C. R. McClain, “Calibration of SeaWiFS. II. Vicarious techniques,” Appl. Opt. 40, 6701–6718 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, B. A. Franz, R. A. Barnes, C. R. McClain, “Effects of spectral bandpass on SeaWiFS-retrieved near- surface optical properties of the ocean,” Appl. Opt. 40, 343–348 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Hooker, C. R. McClain, “The calibration and validation of SeaWiFS data,” Prog. Oceanogr. 45, 427–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Fu, K. S. Baith, C. R. McClain, “SeaDAS: The SeaWiFS data analysis system,” in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Ocean Remote Sensing Conference (Beijing Fortune Quick Printing Corporation, 1998), pp. 73–79.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, C. R. McClain, “An overview of SeaWiFS and ocean color,” SeaWiFS Prelaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 1992-104566 (NASA, 1992), Vol. 1, 1–24.

Mélin, F.

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, “Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS aerosol products with globally distributed AERONET data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 230–250 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary prod ucts at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Clerici, F. Mélin, “Aerosol direct radiative forcing in the Po Valley region derived from AERONET measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 4925–4946 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, “A statistical method for generating cross-mission consistent normalized water-leaving radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 4075–4093 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Development and validation of a technique for merging satellite derived aerosol optical depth from SeaWiFS and MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 108, 436–450 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “An optically-based technique for producing merged spectra of water leaving radiances from ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3856–3869 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. Bulgarelli, “Aerosol variability in the Adriatic Sea from automated optical field measurements and SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D22201, (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Comparison of SeaWiFS, MODIS and MERIS radiometric products at a coastal site,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L06617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, N. Strömbeck, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Tower based radiometric observations at a coastal site in the Baltic Proper,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69, 649–654 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “Aerosol variability in the Po Valley analyzed from automated optical measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L03810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, B. N. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 401–415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mitomi, Y.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, H. E.

V. V. Salomonson, W. L. Barnes, P. W. Maymon, H. E. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–152 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Morel, A.

Mueller, J. L.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Muller-Karger, F. E.

C. Hu, F. E. Muller-Karger, S. Andréfouët, K. L. Carder, “Atmospheric correction of LANDSAT-7/ATM+ imagery over aquatic environments: a multiplatform approach using SeaWiFS/MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 78, 99–107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, H.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, N. T.

N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohde, T.

T. Ohde, B. Sturm, H. Siegel, “Derivation of SeaWiFS vicarious calibration coefficients using in situ measurements in Case 2 water of the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 80, 248–255 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Olszewski, J.

P. Kowalczuk, J. Olszewski, M. Darecki, S. Kaczmarek, “Empirical relationships between colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption and apparent optical properties in Baltic Sea waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 345–370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ostrow, H.

V. V. Salomonson, W. L. Barnes, P. W. Maymon, H. E. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–152 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ransibrahmanakul, V.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially coupled ocean-atmosphere model or retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892 (NASA, 2003), Vol. 22, Chap. 9, pp. 51–59.

Reagan, J. A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reid, J. S.

T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, W.

Robinson, W. D.

Royer, A.

N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rutledge, K.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salomonson, V. V.

V. V. Salomonson, W. L. Barnes, P. W. Maymon, H. E. Montgomery, H. Ostrow, “MODIS: advanced facility instrument for studies of the Earth as a system,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 145–152 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Santer, R.

Schafer, J.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuster, G.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scott, A. J.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seppälä, J.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Setzer, A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
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Shettle, E. P.

E. P. Shettle, R. W. Fenn, “Models for the aerosols of the lower atmosphere and the effects of humidity variations on their optical properties,” Environmental research papers676, AFGL-TR-79-0214 (U.S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, 1979).

Siegel, D. A.

Siegel, H.

T. Ohde, B. Sturm, H. Siegel, “Derivation of SeaWiFS vicarious calibration coefficients using in situ measurements in Case 2 water of the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 80, 248–255 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simon, P. C.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sinyuk, A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slutker, I.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, O. Dubovik, I. Slutsker, “Cloud-screening and quality control algorithms for the AERONET database,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 337–349 (2000).
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O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
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T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
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B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, “Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS aerosol products with globally distributed AERONET data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 230–250 (2010).
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N. T. O’Neill, T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, A. Royer, “Bimodal size distribution influences on the variation of Ångström derivatives in spectral and optical depth space,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9787–9806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, O. Dubovik, I. Slutsker, “Cloud-screening and quality control algorithms for the AERONET database,” Remote Sens. Environ. 73, 337–349 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
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T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
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B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
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B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, O. Dubovik, “AERONET’s version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strömbeck, N.

G. Zibordi, N. Strömbeck, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Tower based radiometric observations at a coastal site in the Baltic Proper,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69, 649–654 (2006).
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Stumpf, R. P.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially coupled ocean-atmosphere model or retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892 (NASA, 2003), Vol. 22, Chap. 9, pp. 51–59.

Sturm, B.

B. Sturm, G. Zibordi, “SeaWiFS atmospheric correction by an approximate model and vicarious calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 489–501 (2002).
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T. Ohde, B. Sturm, H. Siegel, “Derivation of SeaWiFS vicarious calibration coefficients using in situ measurements in Case 2 water of the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 80, 248–255 (2002).
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Tailliez, D.

D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanré, D.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
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Targa, C.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thome, K. J.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
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Thuillier, G.

G. Thuillier, M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, T. Foujols, “The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the ATLAS 1-2-3 and EURECA missions,” Sol. Phys. 214, 1–22 (2003).
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Trees, C.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
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van der Linde, D.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
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Vandemark, D.

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
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G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
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Vermote, E.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, A. Smirnov, “AERONET—A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998).
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Voss, K. J.

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
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Wang, M.

Werdell, P. J.

Yarbrough, M. A.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Yoshida, M.

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
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Yuen, M.

D. K. Clark, M. A. Yarbrough, M. Feinholz, S. Flora, W. Broenkow, Y. S. Kim, B. C. Johnson, S. W. Brown, M. Yuen, J. L. Mueller, “MOBy, a radiometric buoy for performance monitoring and vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors: measurement and adta analysis protocols,” in Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume VI, J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion, and C. R. McClain, eds., NASA Tech. Memo. 2003-211621 (NASA, 2003), Chap. 2, pp. 3–34.

Zibordi, G.

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, “Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS aerosol products with globally distributed AERONET data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114, 230–250 (2010).
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G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
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G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary prod ucts at optically complex coastal sites: northern Adriatic Sea, northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 2574–2591 (2009).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
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D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, “A statistical method for generating cross-mission consistent normalized water-leaving radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 4075–4093 (2008).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Development and validation of a technique for merging satellite derived aerosol optical depth from SeaWiFS and MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 108, 436–450 (2007).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “An optically-based technique for producing merged spectra of water leaving radiances from ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3856–3869 (2007).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110, 192–215 (2007).
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D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “A statistical index of bio-optical sea-water types,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2644–2651 (2007).
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F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. Bulgarelli, “Aerosol variability in the Adriatic Sea from automated optical field measurements and SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D22201, (2006).
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G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Comparison of SeaWiFS, MODIS and MERIS radiometric products at a coastal site,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L06617 (2006).
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G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, N. Strömbeck, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Tower based radiometric observations at a coastal site in the Baltic Proper,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69, 649–654 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “Aerosol variability in the Po Valley analyzed from automated optical measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L03810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Berthon, G. Zibordi, “Bio-optical relationships for the northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 1527–1532 (2004).
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G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, B. N. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 401–415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
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B. Sturm, G. Zibordi, “SeaWiFS atmospheric correction by an approximate model and vicarious calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 489–501 (2002).
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Adv. Space Res. (1)

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, S. Djavidnia, “Merged series of normalized water leaving radiances obtained from multiple satellite missions for the Mediterranean Sea,” Adv. Space Res. 43, 423–437 (2009).
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B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, C. R. McClain, “Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5068–5082 (2007).
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M. Clerici, F. Mélin, “Aerosol direct radiative forcing in the Po Valley region derived from AERONET measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 4925–4946 (2008).
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EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union (1)

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, S. B. Hooker, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, K. Rutledge, G. Schuster, A. Al Mandoos, “A network for standardized ocean color validation measurements,” EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 87(30), 293, 297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. (1)

G. Zibordi, N. Strömbeck, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Tower based radiometric observations at a coastal site in the Baltic Proper,” Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69, 649–654 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, “Comparison of SeaWiFS, MODIS and MERIS radiometric products at a coastal site,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L06617 (2006).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, “Aerosol variability in the Po Valley analyzed from automated optical measurements,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L03810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “A statistical index of bio-optical sea-water types,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 45, 2644–2651 (2007).
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IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (6)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, B. N. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 42, 401–415 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, H. Murakami, Y. Mitomi, M. Hori, K. J. Thome, D. K. Clark, H. Fukushima, “Vicarious calibration of GLI by ground observation data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43, 2167–2176 (2005).
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F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of SeaWiFS atmospheric and marine products for the Northern Adriatic Sea,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 41, 548–558 (2003).
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D. D’Alimonte, G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, “A statistical method for generating cross-mission consistent normalized water-leaving radiances,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46, 4075–4093 (2008).
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Int. J. Remote Sens. (2)

M. Wang, “A refinement for the Rayleigh radiance computation with variation of the atmospheric pressure,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 5651–5663 (2005).
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B. Sturm, G. Zibordi, “SeaWiFS atmospheric correction by an approximate model and vicarious calibration,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 23, 489–501 (2002).
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Int. J. Remote Sens. (3)

J.-F. Berthon, G. Zibordi, “Bio-optical relationships for the northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 1527–1532 (2004).
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P. Kowalczuk, J. Olszewski, M. Darecki, S. Kaczmarek, “Empirical relationships between colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption and apparent optical properties in Baltic Sea waters,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 345–370 (2005).
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T. Carlund, B. Hakånsson, P. Land, “Aerosol optical depth over the Baltic Sea derived from AERONET and SeaWiFS measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 26, 233–245 (2005).
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Int. J. Remote Sensing (1)

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, B. Bulgarelli, D. D’Alimonte, D. van der Linde, F. Mélin, C. Targa, “Ocean color validation activities at the Acqua Alta Oceanographic Tower in the Northern Adriatic Sea,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 25, 1533–1537 (2004).
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J. Aerosol Sci. (1)

J. Kuśmierczyk-Michulec, R. Marks, “The influence of sea-salt aerosols on the atmospheric extinction over the Baltic and the North Seas,” J. Aerosol Sci. 31, 1299–1316 (2000).
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J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

G. Zibordi, B. N. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, F. Mélin, J.-F. Berthon, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, G. Schuster, B. E. Fabbri, S. Kaitala, J. Seppälä, “AERONET-OC: anetwork for the validation of ocean color primary radiometric products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26, 1634–1651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (7)

F. Mélin, M. Clerici, G. Zibordi, B. Bulgarelli, “Aerosol variability in the Adriatic Sea from automated optical field measurements and SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, D22201, (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Clark, H. R. Gordon, K. J. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17209–17217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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T. F. Eck, B. N. Holben, J. S. Reid, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, N. T. O’Neill, I. Slutsker, S. Kinne, “The wavelength dependence of the optical depth of biomass burning, urban and desert dust aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31333–31350 (1999).
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O. Dubovik, M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 20673–20696 (2000).
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O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791–9806 (2000).
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D. Antoine, F. D’Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, A. J. Scott, “Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project),” J. Geophys. Res. 113, C07013, (2008).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectra of SeaPRISM L w n used for the calculation of vicarious calibration coefficients for (a) SeaWiFS at AAOT, (b) MODIS (Aqua) at AAOT, and (c) MODIS (Aqua) at GDLT. The gray lines represent the individual spectra, the black line show the average spectrum, and the dotted lines show the average spectrum ± 1 standard deviation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vicarious calibration coefficients for the standard configuration and computed with the VIS approach for (a) SeaWiFS and (b) MODIS (Aqua). The standard NASA coefficients are shown by the dotted line. Filled circles indicate coefficients calculated at AAOT, with the associated vertical bars showing the ± 1 s . d . . The gray envelop is obtained by increasing and decreasing SeaPRISM field L w n values by ± 5 % for wavelengths shorter than the red, and ± 10 % in the red. Circles indicate coefficients obtained at GDLT. For clarity, some symbols are shifted along the abscissa by ± 3 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Validation statistics obtained at AAOT for SeaWiFS with the standard, VIS, and VISNIR vicarious calibration coefficients, in terms of ψ (a), (c) and | ψ | (b), (d) for τ a (a), (b) and L w n (c), (d). Lines indicate the results obtained with all matchups found for validation, whereas symbols are associated with the vicarious calibration subsets.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Same as Fig. 3 for MODIS.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Vicarious Calibration Coefficients for SeaWiFS at AAOT ( N = 99 )

Tables Icon

Table 2 Vicarious Calibration Coefficients for MODIS at AAOT ( N = 124 ) and GDLT ( N = 50 )

Equations (5)

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L t ( λ ) = [ L r ( λ ) + L a ( λ ) + t d v ( λ ) L f ( λ ) + t d v ( λ ) L w ( λ ) ] t g v ( λ ) t g s ( λ ) f p ( λ ) ,
ρ ( λ ) = π L ( λ ) F s ( λ ) μ s ,
L w n ( λ ) = L w ( λ ) / ( μ s f s t d s ( λ ) f b ( λ ) f λ ( λ ) ) .
ρ a s ( λ ) = ω a ( λ ) p a ( λ ) τ a ( λ ) 4 μ s μ v ,
g ( λ ) = L t t ( λ ) / L t ( λ )

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