Abstract

Neodymium doped YVO4 is becoming an increasingly popular material for solid state lasers. Among the advantages of vanadates over more traditional materials are that the absorption cross section at 808nm is significantly larger, the emission cross sections are higher, leading to lower lasing thresholds, and the bandwidth for pump absorption is higher. We report new measurements of the refractive index and thermo-optic coefficient of this material that will aid in the design of laser cavities and other nonlinear optical elements.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Villafana and A. V. Kir'yanov, ”Comparative analysis of cw-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with LIF:F2 and YAG:Cr4 crystals,”Opt. Commun. 242, 241-252 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

E. Villafana and A. V. Kir'yanov, ”Comparative analysis of cw-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with LIF:F2 and YAG:Cr4 crystals,”Opt. Commun. 242, 241-252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

D. E. Zelmon, E. A. Hanning, and P. G. Schunemann, “Refractive index measurements and Sellmeier coefficients for zinc germanium phosphide from 2 to 9 microns with implications for phase matching in optical frequency conversion devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1307-1310 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, and H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of the principal refractive indices and the thermal refractive index coefficients of yttrium vanadate,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85-88(2001).

1996 (1)

P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1978 (2)

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, "Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

Bettinelli, M.

Birnbaum, M.

M. Birnbaum and L. G. DeShazer, “Low threshold CW NC laser oscillator at 1060 nm,” Final Technical Report, NASA Contract 5-22387, 1976.

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980).

Bucchave, P.

P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

Cheng, X.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, "Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

M. Birnbaum and L. G. DeShazer, “Low threshold CW NC laser oscillator at 1060 nm,” Final Technical Report, NASA Contract 5-22387, 1976.

Dodge, M. J.

A. Feldman, D. Horowitz, R. M. Waxler, and M. J. Dodge, “Optical materials characterization,” NBS Technical Note 993 (U.S. GPO, 1978).

Dong, H. D.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Douglas, J. L.

Du, C. L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, A.

A. Feldman, D. Horowitz, R. M. Waxler, and M. J. Dodge, “Optical materials characterization,” NBS Technical Note 993 (U.S. GPO, 1978).

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hanning, E. A.

Hansen, P. L.

P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, D.

A. Feldman, D. Horowitz, R. M. Waxler, and M. J. Dodge, “Optical materials characterization,” NBS Technical Note 993 (U.S. GPO, 1978).

Hu, X.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.-B.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, F. Y.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Kir'yanov, A. V.

E. Villafana and A. V. Kir'yanov, ”Comparative analysis of cw-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with LIF:F2 and YAG:Cr4 crystals,”Opt. Commun. 242, 241-252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kong, H.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lomheim, T. S.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, "Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Maldonado, E. P.

Malitson, I. H.

Maunier, C.

Meng, X. L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

Pedersen, C.

P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Popov, P. A.

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L. J.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Shao, Z. S.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H. Y.

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, and H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of the principal refractive indices and the thermal refractive index coefficients of yttrium vanadate,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85-88(2001).

Shi, H. S.

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, and H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of the principal refractive indices and the thermal refractive index coefficients of yttrium vanadate,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85-88(2001).

Skettrup, T.

P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

Studeniken, P. A.

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Teng, B.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Viera, N. D.

Villafana, E.

E. Villafana and A. V. Kir'yanov, ”Comparative analysis of cw-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with LIF:F2 and YAG:Cr4 crystals,”Opt. Commun. 242, 241-252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.-Y.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. Q.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waxler, R. M.

A. Feldman, D. Horowitz, R. M. Waxler, and M. J. Dodge, “Optical materials characterization,” NBS Technical Note 993 (U.S. GPO, 1978).

Wetter, N. U.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980).

Xia, H.-R.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B. C.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. Z.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zavarsev, Yu D.

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zelmon, D. E.

Zhang, C.-Q.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, and H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of the principal refractive indices and the thermal refractive index coefficients of yttrium vanadate,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85-88(2001).

Zhang, H.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.-J.

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Kong, X. Cheng, J. Liu, J. Li, Y. Lin, X. Hu, X. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26, 319-325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 273-278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, "Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Synth. Cryst. (1)

H. S. Shi, G. Zhang, and H. Y. Shen, “Measurement of the principal refractive indices and the thermal refractive index coefficients of yttrium vanadate,” J. Synth. Cryst. 30, 85-88(2001).

Opt. Commun. (3)

E. Villafana and A. V. Kir'yanov, ”Comparative analysis of cw-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with LIF:F2 and YAG:Cr4 crystals,”Opt. Commun. 242, 241-252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Hansen, C. Pedersen, P. Bucchave, and T. Skettrup, “Frequency tuning and stability of Nd:YVO4 in a dual coupled cavity,” Opt. Commun. 127, 353-362 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Dong, H.-J. Zhang, J.-Y. Wang, H.-R. Xia, X.-B. Hu, B. Teng, and C.-Q. Zhang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd : GdVO4 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 198, 447-452 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Studeniken, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu D. Zavarsev, P. A. Popov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid state laser: some optical and thermal properties of crystal doped with Nd3, Tm3 and Er3 ion,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162-1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980).

CASIX, www.casix.com.

M. Birnbaum and L. G. DeShazer, “Low threshold CW NC laser oscillator at 1060 nm,” Final Technical Report, NASA Contract 5-22387, 1976.

A. Feldman, D. Horowitz, R. M. Waxler, and M. J. Dodge, “Optical materials characterization,” NBS Technical Note 993 (U.S. GPO, 1978).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive indices of Nd : YVO 4 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Ordinary refractive index versus temperature, visible spectrum; (b) ordinary refractive index versus temperature, near infrared spectrum; (c) extraordinary refractive index versus temperature, visible spectrum; (d) extraordinary refractive index versus temperature, NIR spectrum.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Sellmeier Coefficients 0.5% Nd : YVO 4

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Table 2 Parameters for Determining Thermo-Optic Coefficients 0.5% Nd Doped YVO 4

Equations (5)

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Δ n = 0 .5 * sin ( ε min / 2 ) sin 2 ( α / 2 ) Δ α + 0 .5 * cos ( ( ε min + α ) / 2 ) sin ( α / 2 ) Δ ε ,
n 2 = A + B λ 2 λ 2 C + D λ 2 λ 2 E .
n = n ( 23 ) + A ( T 23 ) + B ( T 23 ) 2
d n / d T = A + 2 B ( T 23 ) .
f = π K c ω p 2 P p h ( d n d T ) ( 1 1 exp ( α l ) ) ,

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