Abstract

A compact, lightweight, and efficient fiber laser lidar system has been developed to measure water vapor profiles in the lower atmosphere of Earth or Mars. The line narrowed laser consist of a Tm:germanate fiber pumped by two 792 nm diode arrays. The fiber laser transmits ~0.5 mJ Q- switched pulses at 5 Hz and can be tuned to water vapor lines near 1.94 μm with linewidth of ~20 pm. A lightweight lidar receiver telescope was constructed of carbon epoxy fiber with a 30 cm Fresnel lens and an advanced HgCdTe APD detector. This system has made preliminary atmospheric measurements.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Weitkamp, ed., LIDAR Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere (Springer, 2005).
  2. B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).
  4. The hitran database, http://www.hitran.com.
  5. G. M. Williams, M. A. Compton, and A. S. Huntington, “High-speed photon counting with linear-mode APD receivers,” Proc. SPIE 7320, 732012 (2009).
  6. M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

2009 (1)

G. M. Williams, M. A. Compton, and A. S. Huntington, “High-speed photon counting with linear-mode APD receivers,” Proc. SPIE 7320, 732012 (2009).

2007 (1)

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

2006 (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Compton, M. A.

G. M. Williams, M. A. Compton, and A. S. Huntington, “High-speed photon counting with linear-mode APD receivers,” Proc. SPIE 7320, 732012 (2009).

DeYoung, R. J.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

Gustavsen, K. A.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Huntington, A. S.

G. M. Williams, M. A. Compton, and A. S. Huntington, “High-speed photon counting with linear-mode APD receivers,” Proc. SPIE 7320, 732012 (2009).

Jiang, S.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lamarre, P. A.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Marciniec, J. W.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Mullarkey, J. D.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Parodos, T.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Reichle, D. J.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reine, M. B.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Tobin, S. P.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Walsh, B. M.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. M.

G. M. Williams, M. A. Compton, and A. S. Huntington, “High-speed photon counting with linear-mode APD receivers,” Proc. SPIE 7320, 732012 (2009).

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Wong, K. K.

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, and S. Jiang, “Tm:germanate fiber laser: tuning and Q-switching,” Appl. Phys. B 89299-304 (2007).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, D. J. Reichle, and S. Jiang, “Optical properties of Tm3+ ions in alkali germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 5344-5352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. M. Williams, M. A. Compton, and A. S. Huntington, “High-speed photon counting with linear-mode APD receivers,” Proc. SPIE 7320, 732012 (2009).

Other (3)

M. B. Reine, J. W. Marciniec, K. K. Wong, T. Parodos, J. D. Mullarkey, P. A. Lamarre, S. P. Tobin, K. A. Gustavsen, and G. M. Williams, “HgCdTe MWIR back-illuminated electron-initiated avalanche photodiode arrays,” SPIE Optics and Photonics Meeting, San Diego, California, 13-17 August, 2006.

C. Weitkamp, ed., LIDAR Range-Resolved Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere (Springer, 2005).

The hitran database, http://www.hitran.com.

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