Abstract

We present a stable and switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser. In the ring cavity, an inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating serves as an ultranarrow dual-wavelength passband filter, a semiconductor optical amplifier biased in the low-gain regime reduces the gain competition of the two wavelengths, and a feedback fiber loop acts as a mode filter to guarantee a stable single-longitudinal-mode operation. Two lasing lines with a wavelength separation of approximately 0.1nm are obtained experimentally. A microwave signal at 12.51GHz is demonstrated by beating the dual wavelengths at a photodetector.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Pan and J. Yao, “A wavelength-switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser for switchable microwave generation,” Opt. Express 17, 5414–5419 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. X. He, X. Fang, C. Liao, D. N. Wang, and J. Sun, “A tunable and switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength fiber laser with a simple linear cavity,” Opt. Express 17, 21773–21781 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. Cheng, “Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 61–64(2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Liu, M. Jiang, D. Chen, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode polarization-maintaining fiber laser and its application in microwave generation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4455–4459 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “Microwave generation using an all-polarization-maintaining linear cavity dual-wavelength fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1611–1614 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Chen, J. Yao, and Z. Deng, “Ultranarrow dual-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter and its application in a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2068–2070 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Lin, H. Zhang, S. C. Tjin, D. Tang, J. Hao, C. M. Tay, and S. Liang, “Inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating for dual wavelength lasing,” Appl. Opt. 49, 1373–1377 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, N. Q. Ngo, Y. Song, S. Liang, L. Xia, and M. Jiang, “Analysis of inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4715–4722 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Z. Chen, S. Ma, and N. K. Dutta, “Multiwavelength fiber ring laser based on a semiconductor and fiber gain medium,” Opt. Express 17, 1234–1239 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Urquhart, “Compound optical-fiber-based resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 803–812 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277–1294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (6)

2008 (2)

S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. Cheng, “Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 61–64(2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Chen, D.

W. Liu, M. Jiang, D. Chen, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode polarization-maintaining fiber laser and its application in microwave generation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4455–4459 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, J. Yao, and Z. Deng, “Ultranarrow dual-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter and its application in a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2068–2070 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Cheng, T.

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. Cheng, “Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 61–64(2006).
[CrossRef]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, J. Yao, and Z. Deng, “Ultranarrow dual-transmission-band fiber Bragg grating filter and its application in a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2068–2070 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutta, N. K.

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

Feng, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, H.

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J.

He, S.

W. Liu, M. Jiang, D. Chen, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode polarization-maintaining fiber laser and its application in microwave generation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4455–4459 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, X.

Jian, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Liang, S.

Liao, C.

Lin, B.

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “Microwave generation using an all-polarization-maintaining linear cavity dual-wavelength fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1611–1614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “Microwave generation using an all-polarization-maintaining linear cavity dual-wavelength fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1611–1614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “Microwave generation using an all-polarization-maintaining linear cavity dual-wavelength fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1611–1614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, M. Jiang, D. Chen, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode polarization-maintaining fiber laser and its application in microwave generation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4455–4459 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lou, C.

Lu, S.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, S.

Ngo, N. Q.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, N. Q. Ngo, Y. Song, S. Liang, L. Xia, and M. Jiang, “Analysis of inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4715–4722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “Microwave generation using an all-polarization-maintaining linear cavity dual-wavelength fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1611–1614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ning, T.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. Cheng, “Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 61–64(2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

Sun, J.

Tang, D.

Tay, C. M.

Tjin, S. C.

Urquhart, P.

Wang, D. N.

Wei, Y.

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xia, L.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, N. Q. Ngo, Y. Song, S. Liang, L. Xia, and M. Jiang, “Analysis of inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4715–4722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. Cheng, “Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 61–64(2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, O.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Yao, Y.

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yue, C. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. Cheng, “Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 61–64(2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Chen, H. Fu, W. Liu, Y. Wei, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fibre laser based on fibre Bragg grating pair and its application in microwave signal generation,” Electron. Lett. 44, 459–461 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Yao, X. Chen, Y. Dai, and S. Xie, “Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187–189 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

W. Liu, M. Jiang, D. Chen, and S. He, “Dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode polarization-maintaining fiber laser and its application in microwave generation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4455–4459 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on one polarization-maintaining fiber Bragg grating incorporating saturable absorber and feedback fiber loop,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2165–2168 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “Microwave generation using an all-polarization-maintaining linear cavity dual-wavelength fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1611–1614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectra of an IGAFBG with a wavelength spacing of 0.1 nm : solid line, measured spectrum; dashed line, calculated spectrum. In simulations, n eff = 1.447 , L = 18 mm , Λ = 532.85 nm , and δ n eff ¯ = 2.3 × 10 4 . The reflection peak of a uniform FBG can be tuned at positions a, b, and c to achieve dual-wavelength switching.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the proposed fiber ring laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Lasing spectra taken at a 3 min interval with a dual wavelength at 1542.2 and 1542.3 nm . (b) Output power fluctuation at each lasing line within half an hour.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single-wavelength operation of the proposed fiber laser at (a) 1542.2 and (b) 1542.3 nm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electrical spectrum of the beat signal when the reflection peak of the uniform FBG is tuned to position b. (a) 20 GHz span with a resolution of 1 MHz (b) 10 MHz span with a resolution of 100 kHz .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Electrical spectrum of the beat signal when the reflection peak of the uniform FBG is tuned to position a.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Electrical spectrum of the beat signal when the reflection peak of the uniform FBG is tuned to position b, but the FFL is removed from the cavity.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Electrical spectrum of the beat signal when the reflection peak of the uniform FBG is tuned to position a, but the FFL is removed from the cavity.

Metrics