Abstract

We have demonstrated the output characteristics of optical parametric amplification (OPA) seeded by a supercontinuum (SC) generated in deionized water excited by 1064nm. The SC spectrum (from 426 to 943nm) overlaps well with the tuning range of a 355nm pumped OPA for both the signal and idler. The tunable range covers from 430 to 2035nm, with a maximum overall energy conversion efficiency of 32% in the OPA stage. A FWHM bandwidth of 54nm near the degeneracy point from 658 to 760nm can be generated by using a collinear OPA. Chirping of the SC pulses is also investigated with the OPA technique. The time delay between the 430nm component and the 567nm component of the generated SC due to chirp is measured to be 10.72ps, increasing almost linearly with the wavelength.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

L. De Boni, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernández, “Pump polarization-state preservation of picosecond generated white-light supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 16, 957–964 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6μmfrom an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 741–743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

D. V. Khakhulin, A. B. Savel’ev, and R. V. Volkov, “Efficient broadband optical parametric amplification of supercontinuum in the visible by narrowband pump,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 345–349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Ziane, S. Zaiba, and N. Melikechi, “Continuum generation in water and carbon tetrachloride using a picosecond Nd-YAG laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 273, 200–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2396–2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

D. X. Zhang, Y. F. Kong, and J. Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491(2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, and N. Bloembergen, “Superbroadening in H2O and D2O by self-focused picosecond pulses from a YAlG:Nd laser,” Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396–2403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aguergaray, C.

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. V.

Bisht, P. B.

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, and N. Bloembergen, “Superbroadening in H2O and D2O by self-focused picosecond pulses from a YAlG:Nd laser,” Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396–2403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

Brida, D.

Bruchmann, C.

Carey, D. M.

D. M. Carey and G. M. Korenowski, “Measurement of the Raman spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 2669–2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chen, C.

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

Chu, S. W.

Chui, H. C.

Cirmi, G.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184(2006).
[CrossRef]

Cormier, E.

De Boni, L.

De Silvestri, S.

Descamps, D.

Du, S. F.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184(2006).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B. H.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184(2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, X. F.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, F. E.

Hönniger, I. M.

Huang, C. H.

Huang, J. Y.

J. Y. Zhang, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Huang, and C. L. Pan, “Sub femto-joule sensitive single-shot OPA-XFROG and its application in study of white-light supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 12, 574–581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Khakhulin, D. V.

D. V. Khakhulin, A. B. Savel’ev, and R. V. Volkov, “Efficient broadband optical parametric amplification of supercontinuum in the visible by narrowband pump,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 345–349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kimmel, M.

Knight, J. C.

Kobayashi, T.

Kong, Y. F.

D. X. Zhang, Y. F. Kong, and J. Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491(2000).
[CrossRef]

Korenowski, G. M.

D. M. Carey and G. M. Korenowski, “Measurement of the Raman spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 2669–2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. K.

Li, Q. N.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lin, Y. Y.

Liu, H. L.

Liu, J. M.

Liu, P.

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, and N. Bloembergen, “Superbroadening in H2O and D2O by self-focused picosecond pulses from a YAlG:Nd laser,” Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396–2403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

Melikechi, N.

O. Ziane, S. Zaiba, and N. Melikechi, “Continuum generation in water and carbon tetrachloride using a picosecond Nd-YAG laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 273, 200–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Montant, S.

Nautiyal, A.

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Negus, D. K.

Pan, C. L.

Petit, S.

Piel, J.

Reed, M. K.

Riedle, E.

Sakane, I.

Salin, F.

Savel’ev, A. B.

D. V. Khakhulin, A. B. Savel’ev, and R. V. Volkov, “Efficient broadband optical parametric amplification of supercontinuum in the visible by narrowband pump,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 345–349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y. X.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Shreenath, A. P.

Siddiqui, A. M.

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, and N. Bloembergen, “Superbroadening in H2O and D2O by self-focused picosecond pulses from a YAlG:Nd laser,” Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396–2403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Steiner-Shepard, M. K.

Stone, J. M.

Toro, C.

Trebino, R.

Tünnermann, A.

Tzeng, Y. W.

Villoresi, P.

Volkov, R. V.

D. V. Khakhulin, A. B. Savel’ev, and R. V. Volkov, “Efficient broadband optical parametric amplification of supercontinuum in the visible by narrowband pump,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 345–349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. M.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weng, Y. X.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, T.

Wu, B.

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zaiba, S.

O. Ziane, S. Zaiba, and N. Melikechi, “Continuum generation in water and carbon tetrachloride using a picosecond Nd-YAG laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 273, 200–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

Zhang, D. X.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. X. Zhang, Y. F. Kong, and J. Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491(2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Characterization of ultra-weak fluorescence using picosecond non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1884–1887 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, S. M. Wang, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Detection of scattered light pulses at femto-Joule level by using a picosecond BBO optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 2638–2643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Du, D. X. Zhang, Y. X. Shi, Q. N. Li, B. H. Feng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification of stimulated Raman as high peak-power source and ultra-sensitive preamplifier,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5014–5018 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, “Ultrasensitive femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy for relaxation processes by using parametric amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633–1638 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Zhang, C. K. Lee, J. Y. Huang, and C. L. Pan, “Sub femto-joule sensitive single-shot OPA-XFROG and its application in study of white-light supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 12, 574–581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Zhang, A. P. Shreenath, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of attojoule femtosecond light pulses using optical-parametric-amplification cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Express 11, 601–609 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. X. Zhang, Y. F. Kong, and J. Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491(2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ziane, O.

O. Ziane, S. Zaiba, and N. Melikechi, “Continuum generation in water and carbon tetrachloride using a picosecond Nd-YAG laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 273, 200–206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, and Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961–1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. M. Carey and G. M. Korenowski, “Measurement of the Raman spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 2669–2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

D. V. Khakhulin, A. B. Savel’ev, and R. V. Volkov, “Efficient broadband optical parametric amplification of supercontinuum in the visible by narrowband pump,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 345–349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (6)

A. Nautiyal and P. B. Bisht, “Sum and difference frequency generation of white light continuum with the ps pulses of Nd+3:YAG laser in a thick BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 278, 175–179 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental arrangement: TS1, TS2, telescopes; M1, M2, mirrors (highly reflective at 1064 nm ); M3, silver mirror; QSC, quartz sample cell containing deionized water; L1, lens; M4–M8, mirrors (highly reflective at 355 nm ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum profile of the SC pulses generated in deionized water under 1064 nm excitation. Inset shows the photograph of the obtained SC beam. The excitation beam energy is 11.4 mJ .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Generated SC energy as a function of the excited energy at 1064 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Photograph of the optical parametric superfluorescence, the amplified signal at 479 nm , and the corresponding amplified idler at 1371 nm . (b) Photograph of the corresponding optical parametric superfluorescence without seeding in the OPA when the excitation source for SC generation at 1064 nm is blocked. They are recorded by a common CCD camera.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spectral profile of the parametric superfluorescence and the amplified signal pulses at 430 nm . (b) Tuning curves of the 355 nm pumped type I phased-matched BBO-OPA. Inset shows the retracing details at short wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Amplified SC spectrum at degeneracy. (b) Amplified SC spectral for several fixed phase-matching angles close to degeneracy. The pump beam energy of 355 nm is 2.6 mJ and the excitation beam energy for SC is 11.4 mJ .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output energy of the amplified signal and the corresponding idler pulses versus wavelength.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Difference in the time delay between the SC components in (a) the 430 569 nm and (b) the 756 943 nm spectral range.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Autocorrelation trace of the amplified SC component at 803 nm . (b) Spectral profile of the amplified idler pulses at 803 nm and the corresponding signal pulses at 636 nm .

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