Abstract

The thermal lens (TL) effect induced by femtosecond laser pulses in chromium film is reported. A Fresnel diffraction theory is used to explain the TL effect. The intensity profile of the TL calculated by the theoretical model is in agreement with the experimental results. The contrast ratio of the TL is defined to describe the TL effect, and we find that the maximum contrast ratio of the TL effect is obtained when the probe beam is recorded at a characteristic distance. The dependence of the contrast ratio of the TL on different pump laser power levels and delay times is also investigated. Numerical simulations are also consistent with the experimental results.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2010 (6)

2009 (6)

2008 (3)

2007 (4)

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

1997 (1)

B.-C. Li, S.-Y. Zhang, J.-W. Fang, and X.-J. Shui, “Pulsed laser induced mode-mismatched crossed-beam thermal lens measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2741–2749 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Franko and C. D. Tran, “Analytical thermal lens instrumentation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1–18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1990 (1)

1982 (1)

1965 (1)

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Allogho, G.-G.

Andika, M.

Andrade, A. A.

Astrath, F. B. G.

Astrath, N. G. C.

Avallone, E. A.

E. A. Avallone and T. Baumeister, Marks’ Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 10th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

Baesso, M. L.

Baumeister, T.

E. A. Avallone and T. Baumeister, Marks’ Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 10th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

Bourgoin, J.-P.

Brunette, I.

Cabrera, H.

Catunda, T.

Chen, G. C. K.

Clark, J.

Cruz, R. A.

Dai, E.

T. Wu, C. Zhou, E. Dai, and J. Xie, “Experimental study of the time-resolved reflectivity of chromium film,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 653–655 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Xie, C. Zhou, E. Dai, and Z. Han, “Invertible dark-center diffraction of the metal film induced by femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5396–5399 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Han, C. Zhou, and E. Dai, “Microripple structures induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 715–718(2007).

E. Dai, C. Zhou, and G. Li, “Dammann SHG-FROG for characterization of the ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Express 13, 6145–6152 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, E.-W.

Deveaux, M.

Doiron, S.

Fairbridge, C.

Fan, Z.

Fan, Z.-X.

Fang, J.-W.

B.-C. Li, S.-Y. Zhang, J.-W. Fang, and X.-J. Shui, “Pulsed laser induced mode-mismatched crossed-beam thermal lens measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2741–2749 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Franko, M.

M. Franko and C. D. Tran, “Analytical thermal lens instrumentation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1–18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gerdova, I.

Giguère, D.

Girard, G.

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Grigoropoulos, C. P.

D. J. Hwang, H. Jeon, C. P. Grigoropoulos, J. Yoo, and R. E. Russo, “Femtosecond laser ablation induced plasma characteristics from submicron craters in thin metal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guerra, M.

Haché, A.

Han, Z.

J. Xie, C. Zhou, E. Dai, and Z. Han, “Invertible dark-center diffraction of the metal film induced by femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5396–5399 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Han, C. Zhou, and E. Dai, “Microripple structures induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 715–718(2007).

Hao, H.

He, H.-B.

Hirao, K.

Hofmeister, W.

Hwang, D. J.

D. J. Hwang, H. Jeon, C. P. Grigoropoulos, J. Yoo, and R. E. Russo, “Femtosecond laser ablation induced plasma characteristics from submicron craters in thin metal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacinto, C.

Jeon, H.

D. J. Hwang, H. Jeon, C. P. Grigoropoulos, J. Yoo, and R. E. Russo, “Femtosecond laser ablation induced plasma characteristics from submicron craters in thin metal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W.

Jiang, X.-W.

Kieffer, J.-C.

Knight, L. V.

Lanzani, G.

Leite, R. C. C.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Li, B.

Li, B.-C.

B.-C. Li, S.-Y. Zhang, J.-W. Fang, and X.-J. Shui, “Pulsed laser induced mode-mismatched crossed-beam thermal lens measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2741–2749 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.-W.

Li, G.

Li, S.-H.

Liu, S.

Loriette, V.

Lu, P.

Ma, Y.

Malacarne, L. C.

Marcano, A.

Medina, A. N.

Messias, D. N.

Michaelian, K. H.

Miura, K.

Moore, R. S.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, J.

Nada, O.

Niu, G.

Olivié, G.

Osellame, R.

Ozaki, T.

Parrish, M.

Pedreira, P. R. B.

Porto, S. P. S.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Power, J. F.

Qiu, J.-R.

Ramponi, R.

Ristau, D.

Russo, R. E.

D. J. Hwang, H. Jeon, C. P. Grigoropoulos, J. Yoo, and R. E. Russo, “Femtosecond laser ablation induced plasma characteristics from submicron craters in thin metal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakakura, M.

Shan, Y.-G.

Sheldon, S. J.

Shen, J.

Shimotsuma, Y.

Shui, X.-J.

B.-C. Li, S.-Y. Zhang, J.-W. Fang, and X.-J. Shui, “Pulsed laser induced mode-mismatched crossed-beam thermal lens measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2741–2749 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Terazima, M.

Terekhov, A.

Thorne, J. M.

Toetsch, S.

Tran, C. D.

M. Franko and C. D. Tran, “Analytical thermal lens instrumentation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1–18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vasudevan, S.

Vidal, F.

Virgili, T.

Vishnubhatla, K. C.

Wang, D. N.

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

Welsch, E.

Whinnery, J. R.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T.

Xie, J.

Yang, M.

Yoo, J.

D. J. Hwang, H. Jeon, C. P. Grigoropoulos, J. Yoo, and R. E. Russo, “Femtosecond laser ablation induced plasma characteristics from submicron craters in thin metal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zalloum, O. H. Y.

Zhang, S.-Y.

B.-C. Li, S.-Y. Zhang, J.-W. Fang, and X.-J. Shui, “Pulsed laser induced mode-mismatched crossed-beam thermal lens measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2741–2749 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, Q.-Z.

Zhao, Y.-A.

Zhou, C.

Zhou, C.-H.

Zhou, J.

Zhu, C.-S.

Zhu, L.

Appl. Opt. (10)

S. J. Sheldon, L. V. Knight, and J. M. Thorne, “Laser-induced thermal lens effect: a new theoretical model,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1663–1669 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Power, “Pulsed mode thermal lens effect detection in the near field via thermally induced probe beam spatial phase modulation: a theory,” Appl. Opt. 29, 52–63 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Welsch and D. Ristau, “Photothermal measurements on optical thin films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7239–7253 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Doiron and A. Haché, “Time evolution of reflective thermal lenses and measurement of thermal diffusivity in bulk solids,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4250–4253 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hao and B. Li, “Photothermal detuning for absorption measurement of optical coatings,” Appl. Opt. 47, 188–194(2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Bourgoin, S. Doiron, M. Deveaux, and A. Haché, “Single laser beam measurement of thermal diffusivity,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6530–6534 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Vishnubhatla, J. Clark, G. Lanzani, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and T. Virgili, “Femtosecond laser fabrication of microfluidic channels for organic photonic devices,” Appl. Opt. 48, G114–G118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Li, H.-B. He, Y.-G. Shan, D.-W. Li, Y.-A. Zhao, and Z.-X. Fan, “Enhanced surface thermal lensing for absorption evaluation and defect identification of optical films,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2417–2421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhu, C. Zhou, T. Wu, W. Jia, Z. Fan, Y. Ma, and G. Niu, “Femtosecond off-axis digital holography for monitoring dynamic surface deformation,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2510–2518(2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Bourgoin, G.-G. Allogho, and A. Haché, “Thermal measurement on subnanoliter sample volumes,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2547–2551 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. J. Hwang, H. Jeon, C. P. Grigoropoulos, J. Yoo, and R. E. Russo, “Femtosecond laser ablation induced plasma characteristics from submicron craters in thin metal film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 251118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

Z. Han, C. Zhou, and E. Dai, “Microripple structures induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 715–718(2007).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. P. Gordon, R. C. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. S. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Xie, C. Zhou, E. Dai, and Z. Han, “Invertible dark-center diffraction of the metal film induced by femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5396–5399 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

M. Franko and C. D. Tran, “Analytical thermal lens instrumentation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1–18 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B.-C. Li, S.-Y. Zhang, J.-W. Fang, and X.-J. Shui, “Pulsed laser induced mode-mismatched crossed-beam thermal lens measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2741–2749 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. A. Avallone and T. Baumeister, Marks’ Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 10th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

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