Abstract

We present results of research into the design and construction of membrane photon sieves as primaries for next-generation lightweight space telescopes. We have created prototypes in electroformed nickel as well as diazo and CP-1 polymer films. In two such cases, diffraction-limited imaging performance was demonstrated over a narrow bandwidth.

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References

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  1. L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Q. Cao and J. Jahns, “Focusing analysis of the pinhole photon sieve: individual far-field model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2387–2393 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Cao and J. Jahns, “Nonparaxial model for the focusing of high-numerical aperture photon sieves,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1005–1012 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Andersen, “Large optical photon sieve,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2976–2978 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Andersen and D. Tullson, “Broadband antihole photon sieve telescope,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3706–3708 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adelung, R.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, G.

Berndt, R.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Q.

Harm, S.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jahns, J.

Johnson, R. L.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kipp, L.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seemann, R.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skibowski, M.

L. Kipp, M. Skibowski, R. L. Johnson, R. Berndt, R. Adelung, S. Harm, and R. Seemann, “Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves,” Nature 414, 184–188 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tullson, D.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a, Central 20 mm diameter of the antihole photon sieve serving as the basis for all these experiments. b, Focal spot and c, image of a resolution test target produced by the electroformed nickel photon sieve. d, Interferogram of the focused wavefront from the same sieve.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photo of the diazo photon sieve a, mounted and b, magnified. c, Point spread function and d, image of a resolution test target produced by the photon sieve. Interferograms of the transmitted wavefronts from the membrane sieve: e, focused and f, transmitted.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, Image of the CP-1 sieve along with the b, focal spot; c, interferogram; and d, resolution test target produced.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r n 2 = 2 n f λ + n 2 λ 2 .
w = λ f 2 r n .
F d w J 1 ( π d 2 w ) ,
φ = r 2 + f 2 2 f h r 2 + f 2 + h h r 2 / 2 f 2 .
φ = t ( n 1 ) .
α < λ f / 20 r n 2 .

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