Abstract

The Durham adaptive optics (AO) real-time controller was initially a proof of concept design for a generic AO control system. It has since been developed into a modern and powerful central-processing-unit-based real-time control system, capable of using hardware acceleration (including field programmable gate arrays and graphical processing units), based primarily around commercial off-the-shelf hardware. It is powerful enough to be used as the real-time controller for all currently planned 8m class telescope AO systems. Here we give details of this controller and the concepts behind it, and report on performance, including latency and jitter, which is less than 10μs for small AO systems.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).
  5. V. I. Tatarski, Wavefront Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover, 1961).
  6. F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. ANSI VITA, “Serial front panel data port,” Tech. Rep. ANSIVITA 17.1-2003, VITA (2003).
  14. S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?formal/00 10-33.pdf, “The common object request broker: architecture and specification” (2000).

2008

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adkins, S.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez, C.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Angione, J. R.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arcidiacono, C.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bacon, R.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barrado y Navascués, D.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baruffolo, A.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Basden, A. G.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beuzit, J.-L.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

Boccaletti, A.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

Bouchez, A. H.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brack, G.

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brast, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. G.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burruss, R. S.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, R. D.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, F.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. C. Y.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Collin, C.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Combes, M.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Conan, J.

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contos, A. R.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conzelmann, R.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coustenis, A.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cromer, J. L.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Danforth, P. M.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dekany, R. G.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delabre, B.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diolaiti, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dipper, N.

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dipper, N. A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donaldson, R.

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drossart, P.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Farinato, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fedrigo, E.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, M.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

Frank, C.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fusco, T.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gendron, E.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Geng, D.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goodsell, S.

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goodsell, S. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greenaway, A. H.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guiwits, S. R.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guzman, C. D.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, M. A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hartman, S. K.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Henning, T.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirtzig, M.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hubert, Z.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hubin, N.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hubin, N. N.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, E. M.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kellerer, A.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kolb, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kulcsar, C.

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lacombe, F.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lafon, R. E.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lagrange, A. M.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

Lagrange, A.-M.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Louarn, M.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Mignant, D.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Roux, B.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, H.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lizon, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Longmore, A. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marchetti, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marteaud, M.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Masciadri, E.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Max, C. E.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Michau, V.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morris, T. J.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mouillet, D.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moutou, C.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

Mundt, R.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Myers, R.

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Myers, R. M.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oberti, S.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oppenheimer, B. R.

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, D.

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pau, S.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D. M.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petit, C.

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quiros-Pacheco, F.

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rabou, P.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ragazzoni, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raynaud, H.

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reiss, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. E.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roddier, F.

F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[CrossRef]

Rouan, D.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rousset, G.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saisse, M.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

Santos, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saunter, C.

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, J. C.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soenke, C.

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stomski, P. J.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ströbele, S.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stuik, R.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Summers, D. M.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tatarski, V. I.

V. I. Tatarski, Wavefront Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover, 1961).

Thomas, S. J.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tordo, S.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Troy, M.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Truong, T. N.

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

van Dam, M. A.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vernet-Viard, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, F.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, J. K.

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wizinowich, P. L.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Young, L. K.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Younger, E.

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zins, G.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, “VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,” Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21–L24 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, “A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,” Astrophys. J. 625, 1004–1018 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.

S. J. Thomas, S. Adkins, D. Gavel, T. Fusco, and V. Michau, “Study of optimal wavefront sensing with elongated laser guide stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 173–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New Astron. Rev.

R. Stuik, R. Bacon, R. Conzelmann, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, N. Hubin, M. Le Louarn, and S. Ströbele, “GALACSI: the ground layer adaptive optics system for MUSE,” New Astron. Rev. 49, 618–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

R. M. Myers, Z. Hubert, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, N. A. Dipper, A. Kellerer, S. J. Goodsell, G. Rousset, E. Younger, M. Marteaud, A. G. Basden, F. Chemla, C. D. Guzman, T. Fusco, D. Geng, B. Le Roux, M. A. Harrison, A. J. Longmore, L. K. Young, F. Vidal, and A. H. Greenaway, “CANARY: the on-sky NGS/LGS MOAO demonstrator for EAGLE,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70150E (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, R. Myers, S. Goodsell, D. Geng, C. Saunter, and N. Dipper, “SPARTA: the ESO standard platform for adaptive optics real time applications,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, “MAD status report,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 236–247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Petit, F. Quiros-Pacheco, J. Conan, C. Kulcsar, H. Raynaud, T. Fusco, and G. Rousset, “Kalman-filter-based control for adaptive optics,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 1414–1425 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dekany, J. K. Wallace, G. Brack, B. R. Oppenheimer, and D. Palmer, “Initial test results from the Palomar 200 in. adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 3126, 269–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Truong, A. H. Bouchez, R. G. Dekany, J. C. Shelton, M. Troy, J. R. Angione, R. S. Burruss, J. L. Cromer, S. R. Guiwits, and J. E. Roberts, “Real-time wavefront control for the PALM-3000 high order adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 70153I (2008).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

P. L. Wizinowich, D. Le Mignant, A. H. Bouchez, R. D. Campbell, J. C. Y. Chin, A. R. Contos, M. A. van Dam, S. K. Hartman, E. M. Johansson, R. E. Lafon, H. Lewis, P. J. Stomski, D. M. Summers, C. G. Brown, P. M. Danforth, C. E. Max, and D. M. Pennington, “The W. M. Keck Observatory, laser guide star adaptive optics system: overview,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 297–309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?formal/00 10-33.pdf, “The common object request broker: architecture and specification” (2000).

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, “High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/planet-finder,” Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 321, 39–46 (2004).

V. I. Tatarski, Wavefront Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (Dover, 1961).

F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
[CrossRef]

ANSI VITA, “Serial front panel data port,” Tech. Rep. ANSIVITA 17.1-2003, VITA (2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overview of the DARC system showing the key components and interactions between them: solid lines, control flow; dashed lines, data (telemetry) flow.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Demonstration of the horizontal and vertical processing strategies. With a horizontal strategy, all the threads perform the same operations, allowing the processing load to be balanced between available processors. With a vertical strategy, the work performed by threads is unequal, load balancing becomes harder, and greater latency is introduced by the need to communicate between each stage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of a typical configuration for an open-loop AO system used with a figure sensor. Solid black arrows with unfilled arrow heads, optical paths; dashed gray arrows with filled arrow heads, electrical paths. The open-loop RTCP receives wavefront data from open-loop WFSs. The mirror demands (an ideal mirror is assumed) are passed to the figure sensing RTCP, which combines these with the measured shape of the mirror (obtained using the figure sensor WFS), to set the mirror to the desired shape.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic timing diagram for an AO system with a frame transfer CCD. Jitter in signals is shown by the gray areas (where time of transition may vary), which is introduced by the nondeterministic processes of RTCP processing and DM control.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Actuator response to an applied perturbation as a function of time. The plot shows the command applied to the DM actuator, after a step change of 10,000 DAC values was inserted at iteration 50. (b) Schematic timing diagram demonstrating the expected number of iterations before the perturbation has been corrected, for a gain of 0.35, with readout and processing taking two-thirds of the exposure time.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Frame iteration time generated by the real-time control pipeline over 1000 iterations. (b) Histogram of the frame computation time (10,000 iterations). Camera frequency is 100 Hz ( 10 ms frame time).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Picture of the technology demonstrator test bench at the WHT, with the AO system components clearly visible.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Sample open-loop WFS measurements. (b) Sample truth sensor measurements. (c) Uncorrected H-band image. (d) MOAO corrected H-band image.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Frame Computation Time for Different AO System Configurations

Metrics