We show, to the best of our knowledge, the first simulation result of the strong plasmonic field coupling and enhancement at the Ag/Si interface of a silver core/protruded silicon shell nanocylinder by using the finite-element method. The strong plasmon field, with a slow effective phase velocity accumulated at the Ag/Si interface, which results from the large effective index of the surface plasmon due to the nearly identical real parts with opposite signs of the permittivities of silver and silicon at , is analyzed. When the silicon shell has shallow protrusions of proper periodicity to meet the phase matching condition between the incident light and the surface plasmon wave at the Ag/Si interface, a higher scattered electric field and a higher sensitivity to the refractive index change of the surrounding medium can be achieved. Furthermore, a feasible implementation of the core–shell nanocylinder design concept is studied and discussed.
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