Abstract

The actuator pattern of an adaptive mirror determines the amplitudes and the fidelities of the mirror deformations that can be achieved. In this study, we analyze and compare different electrode patterns of piezoelectric unimorph deformable mirrors using a numerical finite element model. The analysis allows us to determine the optimum actuator pattern, and it is also applicable to bimorph mirrors. The model is verified by comparing its predictions with experimental results of our prototype of a novel unimorph deformable mirror.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. S. Long, P. W. Loveday, and A. Forbes, “Development of a piezoelectric adaptive mirror for laser beam control,” in Proceedings of ACTUATOR 2008, 11th International Conference on New Actuators (HVG Hanseatische Veranstaltungs GmbH, 2008), pp. 584–587.
  5. P. Welp, H.-M. Heuck, and U. Wittrock, “Intracavity adaptive optics optimization of an end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, C.Dainty, ed. (Imperial College Press2008), pp. 413–418.
  6. J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Porter, A. Guirao, I. Cox, and D. Williams, “Monochromatic aberrations of the human eye in a large population,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1793–1803 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. E. J. Fernández and P. Artal, “Membrane deformable mirror for adaptive optics: performance limits in visual optics,” Opt. Express 11, 1056–1069 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Piefort, “Finite element modeling of piezoelectric active structures,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2001).
  12. E. M. Ellis, “Low-cost bimorph mirrors in adaptive optics,” Ph.D. dissertation (Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine—University of London, 1999).
  13. Y. Ning, W. Jiang, N. Ling, and C. Rao, “Response function calculation and sensitivity comparison analysis of various bimorph deformable mirrors,” Opt. Express 15, 12030–12038 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Schwartz, E. Ribak, and S. G. Lipson, “Bimorph adaptive mirrors and curvature sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 895–902 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Kudryashov and V. Shmalhausen, “Semipassive bimorph flexible mirrors for atmospheric adaptive optics applications,” Opt. Eng. 35, 3064–3073 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. C. Wyant and K. Creath, “Basic wavefront aberration theory for optical metrology,” in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R.R.Shannon and J.C.Wyant, eds. (1992), pp. 1–53.
  17. S. Bonora and L. Poletto, “Push-pull membrane mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 14, 11935–11944 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Vdovin, O. Soloviev, A. Samokhin, and M. Loktev,” Correction of low order aberrations using continuous deformable mirrors,” Opt. Express 16, 2859–2866 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Roddier, “Adaptive optics in astronomy,” 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

2009 (1)

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

C. S. Long, P. W. Loveday, and A. Forbes, “Development of a piezoelectric adaptive mirror for laser beam control,” in Proceedings of ACTUATOR 2008, 11th International Conference on New Actuators (HVG Hanseatische Veranstaltungs GmbH, 2008), pp. 584–587.

P. Welp, H.-M. Heuck, and U. Wittrock, “Intracavity adaptive optics optimization of an end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, C.Dainty, ed. (Imperial College Press2008), pp. 413–418.

G. Vdovin, O. Soloviev, A. Samokhin, and M. Loktev,” Correction of low order aberrations using continuous deformable mirrors,” Opt. Express 16, 2859–2866 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

E. Dalimier and C. Dainty, “Comparative analysis of deformable mirrors for ocular adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 13, 4275–4285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

J. Porter, A. Guirao, I. Cox, and D. Williams, “Monochromatic aberrations of the human eye in a large population,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1793–1803 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Piefort, “Finite element modeling of piezoelectric active structures,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2001).

2000 (1)

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

E. M. Ellis, “Low-cost bimorph mirrors in adaptive optics,” Ph.D. dissertation (Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine—University of London, 1999).

F. Roddier, “Adaptive optics in astronomy,” 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

1996 (1)

A. Kudryashov and V. Shmalhausen, “Semipassive bimorph flexible mirrors for atmospheric adaptive optics applications,” Opt. Eng. 35, 3064–3073 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

J. C. Wyant and K. Creath, “Basic wavefront aberration theory for optical metrology,” in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R.R.Shannon and J.C.Wyant, eds. (1992), pp. 1–53.

1979 (1)

Artal, P.

Bastaits, R.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biereichel, P.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

Chun, M.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cox, I.

Creath, K.

J. C. Wyant and K. Creath, “Basic wavefront aberration theory for optical metrology,” in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R.R.Shannon and J.C.Wyant, eds. (1992), pp. 1–53.

Dainty, C.

Dalimier, E.

Delabre, B.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Donaldson, R.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, E. M.

E. M. Ellis, “Low-cost bimorph mirrors in adaptive optics,” Ph.D. dissertation (Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine—University of London, 1999).

Fedrigo, E.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, E. J.

Forbes, A.

C. S. Long, P. W. Loveday, and A. Forbes, “Development of a piezoelectric adaptive mirror for laser beam control,” in Proceedings of ACTUATOR 2008, 11th International Conference on New Actuators (HVG Hanseatische Veranstaltungs GmbH, 2008), pp. 584–587.

Franza, F.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gebhardt, S.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gigan, P.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gojak, D.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Graves, J.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guirao, A.

Heuck, H.-M.

P. Welp, H.-M. Heuck, and U. Wittrock, “Intracavity adaptive optics optimization of an end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, C.Dainty, ed. (Imperial College Press2008), pp. 413–418.

Horsley, D. A.

D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hubin, N.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

Kasper, M.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Käufl, U.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kudryashov, A.

A. Kudryashov and V. Shmalhausen, “Semipassive bimorph flexible mirrors for atmospheric adaptive optics applications,” Opt. Eng. 35, 3064–3073 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laut, S. P.

D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ling, N.

Lipson, S. G.

Lizon, J.-L.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loktev, M.

Long, C. S.

C. S. Long, P. W. Loveday, and A. Forbes, “Development of a piezoelectric adaptive mirror for laser beam control,” in Proceedings of ACTUATOR 2008, 11th International Conference on New Actuators (HVG Hanseatische Veranstaltungs GmbH, 2008), pp. 584–587.

Loveday, P. W.

C. S. Long, P. W. Loveday, and A. Forbes, “Development of a piezoelectric adaptive mirror for laser beam control,” in Proceedings of ACTUATOR 2008, 11th International Conference on New Actuators (HVG Hanseatische Veranstaltungs GmbH, 2008), pp. 584–587.

Ning, Y.

Northcott, M.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O’Connor, D.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oberti, S.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. K.

D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paufique, J.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piefort, V.

V. Piefort, “Finite element modeling of piezoelectric active structures,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2001).

Pirard, J.-F.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

Porter, J.

Potter, D.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pozna, E.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Preumont, A.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rao, C.

Ribak, E.

Rigaut, F.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roddier, C.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roddier, F.

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Roddier, “Adaptive optics in astronomy,” 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

Rodrigues, G.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roose, S.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Samokhin, A.

Santos, J.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schönecker, A.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, C.

Shmalhausen, V.

A. Kudryashov and V. Shmalhausen, “Semipassive bimorph flexible mirrors for atmospheric adaptive optics applications,” Opt. Eng. 35, 3064–3073 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soloviev, O.

Steinhaus, E.

Stockman, Y.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stroebele, S.

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

Villon, P.

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Welp, P.

P. Welp, H.-M. Heuck, and U. Wittrock, “Intracavity adaptive optics optimization of an end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, C.Dainty, ed. (Imperial College Press2008), pp. 413–418.

Werner, J. S.

D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

Wittrock, U.

P. Welp, H.-M. Heuck, and U. Wittrock, “Intracavity adaptive optics optimization of an end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, C.Dainty, ed. (Imperial College Press2008), pp. 413–418.

Wyant, J. C.

J. C. Wyant and K. Creath, “Basic wavefront aberration theory for optical metrology,” in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R.R.Shannon and J.C.Wyant, eds. (1992), pp. 1–53.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Eng. (2)

G. Rodrigues, R. Bastaits, S. Roose, Y. Stockman, S. Gebhardt, A. Schönecker, P. Villon, and A. Preumont, “Modular bimorph mirrors for adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 48, 034001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kudryashov and V. Shmalhausen, “Semipassive bimorph flexible mirrors for atmospheric adaptive optics applications,” Opt. Eng. 35, 3064–3073 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Proc. SPIE (3)

J. Graves, M. Northcott, F. Roddier, C. Roddier, D. Potter, D. O’Connor, F. Rigaut, and M. Chun, “First light for Hokupa’a 36 on Gemini North,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 26–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Paufique, P. Biereichel, R. Donaldson, B. Delabre, E. Fedrigo, F. Franza, P. Gigan, D. Gojak, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, U. Käufl, J.-L. Lizon, S. Oberti, J.-F. Pirard, E. Pozna, J. Santos, and S. Stroebele, “MACAO-CRIRES: a step towards high resolution in infrared,” Proc. SPIE 5490, 216–227 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Horsley, H. K. Park, S. P. Laut, and J. S. Werner, “Characterization for vision science applications of a bimorph deformable mirror using phase-shifting interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 5688, 133–144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

C. S. Long, P. W. Loveday, and A. Forbes, “Development of a piezoelectric adaptive mirror for laser beam control,” in Proceedings of ACTUATOR 2008, 11th International Conference on New Actuators (HVG Hanseatische Veranstaltungs GmbH, 2008), pp. 584–587.

P. Welp, H.-M. Heuck, and U. Wittrock, “Intracavity adaptive optics optimization of an end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, C.Dainty, ed. (Imperial College Press2008), pp. 413–418.

J. C. Wyant and K. Creath, “Basic wavefront aberration theory for optical metrology,” in Applied Optics and Optical Engineering, R.R.Shannon and J.C.Wyant, eds. (1992), pp. 1–53.

F. Roddier, “Adaptive optics in astronomy,” 1st ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

V. Piefort, “Finite element modeling of piezoelectric active structures,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2001).

E. M. Ellis, “Low-cost bimorph mirrors in adaptive optics,” Ph.D. dissertation (Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine—University of London, 1999).

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