Abstract

We succeeded in developing a prototype three-dimensional (3-D) color television system by holography using three graphics processing units and three liquid-crystal display panels for displaying three primary colored images. A 3-D animation system featuring holography is said to have potential for ultimate 3-D television. Because of the technical complexity involved, however, the practical use of 3-D television is difficult. In our system, the image processing speed for holography is more than 300 times faster than that of today’s personal computers, and a 3-D image composed of 1000 points can be animated at virtually video rate, although the image size is as small as 5cm3. The system succeeded in producing realistic 3-D color animation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T.C.Poon, ed., Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display (Springer, 2006), Chap. 8, pp. 235–255.
  2. P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Hashimoto, S. Morokawa, and K. Kitamura, “Real-time holography using the high-resolution LCTV-SLM,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 291–302 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Lucente and T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1995 (ACM Press, 1995), pp. 387–394.
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Shiraki, N. Takada, M. Niwa, Y. Ichihashi, T. Shimobaba, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Simplified electroholographic color reconstruction system using graphics processing unit and liquid crystal display projector,” Opt. Express 17, 16038–16045(2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Sando, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Full-color computer-generated holograms using 3-D Fourier spectra,” Opt. Express 12, 6246–6251 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Ito and K. Okano, “Color electroholography by three colored reference lights simultaneously incident upon one hologram panel,” Opt. Express 12, 4320–4325 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “An electroholographic colour reconstruction by time division switching of reference lights,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 757–760(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (3)

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Ito and K. Okano, “Color electroholography by three colored reference lights simultaneously incident upon one hologram panel,” Opt. Express 12, 4320–4325 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sando, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Full-color computer-generated holograms using 3-D Fourier spectra,” Opt. Express 12, 6246–6251 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. Lucente and T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1995 (ACM Press, 1995), pp. 387–394.
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Sato, “Animated color 3D image display using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices,” J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261–1266 (1994) [in Japanese].
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

N. Hashimoto, S. Morokawa, and K. Kitamura, “Real-time holography using the high-resolution LCTV-SLM,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 291–302 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Ahrenberg, L.

Benton, S. A.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Blanche, P. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cameron, C. D.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coomber, S. D.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flores, D.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galyean, T. A.

M. Lucente and T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1995 (ACM Press, 1995), pp. 387–394.
[CrossRef]

Gu, T.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hashimoto, N.

N. Hashimoto, S. Morokawa, and K. Kitamura, “Real-time holography using the high-resolution LCTV-SLM,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 291–302 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hennelly, B. M.

Hilaire, P. S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Ichihashi, Y.

Ito, T.

Itoh, M.

Jepsen, M. L.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

Kitamura, K.

N. Hashimoto, S. Morokawa, and K. Kitamura, “Real-time holography using the high-resolution LCTV-SLM,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 291–302 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kollin, J.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, W.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lucente, M.

M. Lucente and T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1995 (ACM Press, 1995), pp. 387–394.
[CrossRef]

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, N.

McDonald, J. B.

Miller, R. J.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Missbach, R.

E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
[CrossRef]

Morokawa, S.

N. Hashimoto, S. Morokawa, and K. Kitamura, “Real-time holography using the high-resolution LCTV-SLM,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 291–302 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Naughton, T. J.

Niwa, M.

Norwood, R. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okano, K.

Onural, L.

Page, A. J.

Payne, D. A.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rokutanda, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sando, Y.

Sato, K.

K. Sato, “Animated color 3D image display using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices,” J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261–1266 (1994) [in Japanese].
[CrossRef]

Schwerdtner, A.

E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
[CrossRef]

Shimobaba, T.

A. Shiraki, N. Takada, M. Niwa, Y. Ichihashi, T. Shimobaba, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “Simplified electroholographic color reconstruction system using graphics processing unit and liquid crystal display projector,” Opt. Express 17, 16038–16045(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “An electroholographic colour reconstruction by time division switching of reference lights,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 757–760(2007).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, A.

Slinger, C. W.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. P.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. G.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, M.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolle, H.

E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugie, T.

Takada, N.

Tanaka, T.

Tay, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, J.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunc, A. V.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Underkoffler, J.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Voorakaranam, R.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watson, P. J.

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, M.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yaras, F.

Yatagai, T.

Yoshikawa, H.

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

Zschau, E.

E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. (1)

K. Sato, “Animated color 3D image display using kinoforms by liquid crystal devices,” J. Inst. Telev. Eng. Jpn. 48, 1261–1266 (1994) [in Japanese].
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

T. Shimobaba, A. Shiraki, N. Masuda, and T. Ito, “An electroholographic colour reconstruction by time division switching of reference lights,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, 757–760(2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. S. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Proc. SPIE (4)

P. S. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, H. Yoshikawa, and J. Underkoffler, “Electronic display system for computational holography,” Proc. SPIE 1212, 174–182(1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Hashimoto, S. Morokawa, and K. Kitamura, “Real-time holography using the high-resolution LCTV-SLM,” Proc. SPIE 1461, 291–302 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Slinger, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, A. P. Smith, M. G. Smith, M. Stanley, and P. J. Watson, “Recent developments in computer-generated holography: toward a practical electroholography system for interactive 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 5290, 27–41 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Zschau, R. Missbach, A. Schwerdtner, and H. Stolle“Generation, encoding, and presentation of content on holographic displays in real time,” Proc. SPIE 7690, 76900E(2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Lucente and T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1995 (ACM Press, 1995), pp. 387–394.
[CrossRef]

T.C.Poon, ed., Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display (Springer, 2006), Chap. 8, pp. 235–255.

Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: MOV (3868 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (3073 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (3894 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (3905 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Color electroholography system with multiple GPUs and multiple LCDs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reconstructed single-color images (red, green, and blue).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Colors by the additive color process: (a) object point data image and (b) reconstructed image (Media 1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Realistic color reconstructed image (Media 2).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reconstructed images made from full-color animations: (a) dancing “Degidori” on finger (Media 3) and (b) jumping “Nanami” (Media 4).

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I ( x α , y α ) = j = 1 N A j cos ( 2 π ( ( x α x j ) 2 + ( y α y j ) 2 2 λ z j ) ) ,

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