Abstract

An application of a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM-PCF) for torsion sensing is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The response of the sensor is theoretically validated using the Jones matrix. High normalized sensitivity of 0.014/° was measured within a linear twist angle range from 30° to 70°. The sensor response was observed to be highly repeatable over a 90° twist in both the clockwise and counterclockwise directions. The proposed sensor exhibits reduced temperature sensitivity due to the low thermal coefficient of PM-PCF, making it an ideal candidate for torsion sensing.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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