Abstract

We show how the phase modulation depth in twisted nematic liquid crystal displays (TNLCDs) can be increased dramatically by selecting a polarization configuration with a reduced mean intensity transmission. This phenomenon, which we have validated with various devices, is shown here for a device that presents a phase-only modulation only slightly over π radians in our classical rotated eigenvector configuration, but it is capable of producing close to a 2π phase depth for a configuration with 5% mean intensity transmission. A quantitative explanation is presented by means of a phasor analysis of the TNLCD eigenvector projections over input and output polarization states. The proposed technique can be a very useful solution in modern TNLCDs that have a very thin liquid crystal layer and a reduced maximum achievable phase modulation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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