Abstract

Single-mode second-order distributed feedback (DFB) lasers with low threshold, based on polystyrene films doped with 30  wt.% of the hole-transporting organic molecule N,N-bis (3-methylphenyl)-N,N- diphenylbenzidine (TPD) are reported. The laser emission wavelength was tuned between 415 and 427nm by film thickness variation. The effectiveness of the DFB grating in improving the laser performance is evidenced by the observation of linewidths and laser thresholds lower than those of the amplified spontaneous emission characteristics shown by films without gratings. The use of holographic lithography as the technique for grating recording has allowed us to prepare large samples in a fast, versatile, and simple manner.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

I. Silvestre, P. W. B. Marques, M. Valadares, and L. A. Cury, “Gain coefficient method for amplified spontaneous emission in thin waveguided film of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163307 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (7)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1272-1295 (2007) and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. E. Town, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Fluidic fibre dye laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3962-3967 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Bando, T. Nakamura, and Y. Masumoto, “Origin of the amplified spontaneous emission from thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer single crystals: towards co-oligomers lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 013518-013521 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Lattante, M. De Giorgi, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, “Interplay between stimulated emission and singlet-singlet annihilation in oligothiophene dioxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023530 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Synth. Met. 140, 117-120 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (8)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based polymer gain media for solid-state laser emission across the full visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599-3601 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535(2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Blue, surface-emitting distributed feedback polyfluorene lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2118-2121 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristic of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313-315(2003).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heilotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron. 4, 165-177 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

M. A. Díaz-García, S. Fernández De Avila, and M. G. Kuzyk. “Dye-doped polymers for blue organic diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4486-4488 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (4)

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Travelling-wave lasing of TPD solutions and neat films,” Synth. Met. 113, 281-287 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting (conjugated) polymers as materials for solid-state lasers,” Adv. Mater. 12, 1655-1668 (2000) and references therein.
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

N. Tessler, “Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials,” Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999) and references therein.
[Crossref]

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (5)

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Laser emission from solutions and films containing semiconducting polymers and titanium dioxide nanocrystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 256, 424-430 (1996).
[Crossref]

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[Crossref]

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, “Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities,” Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Couple-wave theory of distributed feedback lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327-2335 (1972).
[Crossref]

Andersson, A.

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Andersson, M.

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[Crossref]

Andrew, P.

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristic of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313-315(2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Anni, M.

S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bando, K.

K. Bando, T. Nakamura, and Y. Masumoto, “Origin of the amplified spontaneous emission from thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer single crystals: towards co-oligomers lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 013518-013521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barbarella, G.

S. Lattante, M. De Giorgi, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, “Interplay between stimulated emission and singlet-singlet annihilation in oligothiophene dioxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023530 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

Barcena, H. S.

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristic of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313-315(2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bauer, C.

C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bauer, J.

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Benstem, T.

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Blyth, R. I. R.

J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boj, P. G.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
[Crossref]

Bradley, D. D. C.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Synth. Met. 140, 117-120 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Blue, surface-emitting distributed feedback polyfluorene lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2118-2121 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heilotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron. 4, 165-177 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based polymer gain media for solid-state laser emission across the full visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599-3601 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bröms, P.

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Burn, P. L.

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cacialli, F.

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

Calzado, E. M.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cingolani, R.

S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley1995).

Corzine, S. W.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley1995).

Costela, A.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[Crossref]

Crespo, J.

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cury, L. A.

I. Silvestre, P. W. B. Marques, M. Valadares, and L. A. Cury, “Gain coefficient method for amplified spontaneous emission in thin waveguided film of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163307 (2008).
[Crossref]

De Avila, S. Fernández

M. A. Díaz-García, S. Fernández De Avila, and M. G. Kuzyk. “Dye-doped polymers for blue organic diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4486-4488 (2002).
[Crossref]

De Giorgi, M.

S. Lattante, M. De Giorgi, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, “Interplay between stimulated emission and singlet-singlet annihilation in oligothiophene dioxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023530 (2006).
[Crossref]

Denis, C.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
[Crossref]

Denton, G. J.

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, “Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities,” Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[Crossref]

Destri, S.

S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
[Crossref]

Diaz-Garcia, M. A.

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[Crossref]

Díaz-García, M. A.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, S. Fernández De Avila, and M. G. Kuzyk. “Dye-doped polymers for blue organic diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4486-4488 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
[Crossref]

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Laser emission from solutions and films containing semiconducting polymers and titanium dioxide nanocrystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 256, 424-430 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
[Crossref]

Dumarcher, V.

T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
[Crossref]

Favaretto, L.

S. Lattante, M. De Giorgi, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, “Interplay between stimulated emission and singlet-singlet annihilation in oligothiophene dioxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023530 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

Feldmann, J.

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Fiorini, C.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
[Crossref]

Frère, P.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[Crossref]

Friend, R. H.

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, “Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities,” Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[Crossref]

García-Moreno, I.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[Crossref]

Geffroy, B.

T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Giacalone, F.

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gigli, G.

S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gindre, D.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gombert, A.

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Gómez, R.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

Gupta, R.

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[Crossref]

Heeger, A. J.

M. D. McGehee and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting (conjugated) polymers as materials for solid-state lasers,” Adv. Mater. 12, 1655-1668 (2000) and references therein.
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
[Crossref]

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[Crossref]

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Laser emission from solutions and films containing semiconducting polymers and titanium dioxide nanocrystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 256, 424-430 (1996).
[Crossref]

Heilotis, G.

R. Xia, G. Heilotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron. 4, 165-177 (2003).
[Crossref]

Heliotis, G.

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Synth. Met. 140, 117-120 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based polymer gain media for solid-state laser emission across the full visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599-3601 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Blue, surface-emitting distributed feedback polyfluorene lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2118-2121 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hide, F.

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
[Crossref]

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[Crossref]

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Laser emission from solutions and films containing semiconducting polymers and titanium dioxide nanocrystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 256, 424-430 (1996).
[Crossref]

Holzer, W.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Travelling-wave lasing of TPD solutions and neat films,” Synth. Met. 113, 281-287 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hörhold, H.-H.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Travelling-wave lasing of TPD solutions and neat films,” Synth. Met. 113, 281-287 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hou, Y.

R. Xia, G. Heilotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron. 4, 165-177 (2003).
[Crossref]

Johansson, N.

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jory, M. J.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Juarros, A.

V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
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N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535(2003).
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C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
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H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Couple-wave theory of distributed feedback lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327-2335 (1972).
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S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Krauss, T. F.

A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
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M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
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J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
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T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
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W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
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W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
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W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
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C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
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T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
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I. Silvestre, P. W. B. Marques, M. Valadares, and L. A. Cury, “Gain coefficient method for amplified spontaneous emission in thin waveguided film of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163307 (2008).
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M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
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X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
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M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
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A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
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M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
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V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
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X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
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T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
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S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
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F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
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W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Travelling-wave lasing of TPD solutions and neat films,” Synth. Met. 113, 281-287 (2000).
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J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
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S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
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E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
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E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
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E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
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E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
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M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
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J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
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J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
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V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
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V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
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V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
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J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
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J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
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S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

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T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
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A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
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Sahraoui, B.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
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N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535(2003).
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S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
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Samuel, I. D. W.

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
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I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1272-1295 (2007) and references therein.
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A. E. Vasdekis, G. E. Town, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Fluidic fibre dye laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3962-3967 (2007).
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G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
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G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
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G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristic of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313-315(2003).
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G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
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Santos, C.

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
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C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Schmitt, C.

C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schnabel, B.

C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
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Schwartz, B. J.

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
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E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

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H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Couple-wave theory of distributed feedback lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327-2335 (1972).
[Crossref]

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W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Silvestre, I.

I. Silvestre, P. W. B. Marques, M. Valadares, and L. A. Cury, “Gain coefficient method for amplified spontaneous emission in thin waveguided film of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163307 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sobel, F.

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
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N. Tessler, “Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials,” Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999) and references therein.
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J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Town, G. E.

Trabadelo, V.

V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
[Crossref]

Tsiminis, G.

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535(2003).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1272-1295 (2007) and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. E. Town, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Fluidic fibre dye laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3962-3967 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristic of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313-315(2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Valadares, M.

I. Silvestre, P. W. B. Marques, M. Valadares, and L. A. Cury, “Gain coefficient method for amplified spontaneous emission in thin waveguided film of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163307 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vallés-Abarca, J. A.

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vasdekis, A. E.

A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. E. Town, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Fluidic fibre dye laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3962-3967 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veenstra, S.

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[Crossref]

Villalvilla, J. M.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
[Crossref]

Weissörtel, F.

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wittwer, V.

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Xia, R.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Synth. Met. 140, 117-120 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Blue, surface-emitting distributed feedback polyfluorene lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2118-2121 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heilotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron. 4, 165-177 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based polymer gain media for solid-state laser emission across the full visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599-3601 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xie, W.

W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Emission characteristics and performance comparison of polyfluorene lasers with one- and two-dimensional distributed feedback,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 91-97 (2004).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (6)

C. Bauer, H. Giessen, B. Schnabel, E. B. Kley, C. Schmitt, U. Scherf, and R. F. Mahrt, “A surface-emitting circular grating polymer laser,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1161-1164 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting (conjugated) polymers as materials for solid-state lasers,” Adv. Mater. 12, 1655-1668 (2000) and references therein.
[Crossref]

N. Tessler, “Lasers based on semiconducting organic materials,” Adv. Mater. 11, 363-370 (1999) and references therein.
[Crossref]

N. Johansson, J. Salbeck, J. Bauer, F. Weissörtel, P. Bröms, A. Andersson, and W. R. Salaneck, “Solid-state amplified spontaneous emission in some spiro-type molecules: A new concept for the design of solid-state lasing molecules,” Adv. Mater. 10, 1137 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Maillou, J. Le Moigne, V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, B. Geffroy, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Oligo (phenyl-ethynylene) as high photoluminescence quantum yield materials and its distributed feedback (DFB) laser emission properties in thin films,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1297-1301 (2002).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, D. Gindre, N. Mercier, P. Frère, and J.-M. Nunzi, “Amplified stimulated emission from a needle-like single crystal of an end-capped fluorene/phenylene co-oligomer,” Adv. Mater. 15, 906-909 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, T. Benstem, W. Kowalsky, U. Scherf, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Laser modes in organic solid-state distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. B. 71, 897-900 (2000).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based polymer gain media for solid-state laser emission across the full visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599-3601 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Silvestre, P. W. B. Marques, M. Valadares, and L. A. Cury, “Gain coefficient method for amplified spontaneous emission in thin waveguided film of a conjugated polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163307 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Semiconducting polyfluorenes as materials for solid-state polymer lasers across the visible spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535(2003).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Blue, surface-emitting distributed feedback polyfluorene lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2118-2121 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536-1538(1998).
[Crossref]

G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, L. Favaretto, F. Cacialli, and R. Cingolani, “High-efficiency oligothiopene-based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 439-441 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. E. Vasdekis, S. A. Moore, A. Ruseckas, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Silicon based organic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051124 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. A. Díaz-García, S. Fernández De Avila, and M. G. Kuzyk. “Dye-doped polymers for blue organic diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4486-4488 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristic of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313-315(2003).
[Crossref]

W. Xie, Y. Li, F. Li, F. Shen, and Y. Ma, “Amplified spontaneous emission from cyano-substituted oligo (p-phenylene vinylene) single crystal with very high photoluminescence efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 141110 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. C. Ribierre, G. Tsiminis, S. Richardson, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, H. S. Barcena, and P. L. Burn, “Amplified spontaneous emission and lasing properties of bisfluorene-cored dendrimers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Hide, B. J. Schwartz, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Laser emission from solutions and films containing semiconducting polymers and titanium dioxide nanocrystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 256, 424-430 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1272-1295 (2007) and references therein.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, F. Giacalone, J. L. Segura, and N. Martín, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in two oligo-(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 063522(2005).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 093103 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Bando, T. Nakamura, and Y. Masumoto, “Origin of the amplified spontaneous emission from thiophene/phenylene co-oligomer single crystals: towards co-oligomers lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 013518-013521 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Lattante, M. De Giorgi, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, “Interplay between stimulated emission and singlet-singlet annihilation in oligothiophene dioxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 023530 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Couple-wave theory of distributed feedback lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327-2335 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

M. A. Díaz-García, E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. G. Kuzyk, “TPD-based blue organic lasers,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 13, 621 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

V. Dumarcher, L. Rocha, C. Denis, C. Fiorini, J.-M. Nunzi, F. Sobel, B. Sahraoui, and D. Gindre, “Polymer thin-film distributed feedback tunable lasers,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 279-283 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Effect of structural modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylenediimide derivatives,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13595(2007).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, M. G. Ramírez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography,” Microelectron. Eng. , doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.142 (in press).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, “Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities,” Nature 382, 695-697 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, M. Pasini, S. Destri, and W. Porzio, “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films,” Opt. Mater. 28, 1072-1075 (2006).
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Org. Electron. (2)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Concentration dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in organic-based waveguides,” Org. Electron. 7, 319 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heilotis, Y. Hou, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Fluorene-based conjugated polymer optical gain media,” Org. Electron. 4, 165-177 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, “Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
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Phys. Rev. B (3)

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, “Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristic of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

F. Hide, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-state laser materials,” Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
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Synth. Met. (3)

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Travelling-wave lasing of TPD solutions and neat films,” Synth. Met. 113, 281-287 (2000).
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J. Thomson, M. Anni, S. Lattante, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, G. Gigli, and R. Cingolani, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the near infrared from a dye-doped polymer thin film,” Synth. Met. 143, 305-307 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Synth. Met. 140, 117-120 (2004).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (2)

J. A. Quintana, P. G. Boj, J. Crespo, J. A. Vallés-Abarca, and J. M. Villalvilla, “Diffraction gratings in dry developed dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 343-346 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. M. Villalvilla, J. Crespo, J. A. Quintana, C. Santos, and J. A. Vallés-Abarca, “Oxygen ECR stream etching of dichromated gelatin films,” Thin Solid Films 317, 340-342 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley1995).

F. J. Duarte and L. W. Hillman, eds., Dye Laser Principles with Applications (Academic, 1990).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structure of N, N -bis (3-methylphenyl)-N, N - diphenylbenzidine (TPD).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for holographic recording of gratings over DCG: 1, argon laser; 2, shutter; 3, microscope objective; 4, pinhole; 5, collimator; 6, mirror; 7, DCG film over glass.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photographs of the relief gratings recorded in (a) a DCG film and (b) in glass after the transfer by RIBE, obtained by SEM and AFM, FMrespectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission spectra of a TPD-doped PS film deposited on glass (a) with and (b) without DFB grating, at low ( 1 μJ / pulse , dashed curve) and high ( 20 μJ / pulse , solid curve) pump intensity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output intensity at λ DFB = 418 nm and at λ ASE = 417 nm as a function of pump intensity for a TPD-doped PS film deposited over a glass substrate with (solid squares) and without (open squares) a second-order DFB grating, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Emission spectrum of a second-order DFB laser based on a TPD-doped PS film working at λ DFB = 427 nm .

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the ASE Performance of Various Semiconducting Organic Materials Emitting in the Blue Region of the Optical Spectrum

Tables Icon

Table 2 Laser and ASE Performance of 30 wt . % TPD-Doped Polystyrene Films of Various Thicknesses Deposited over Glass with and without a Second-Order Distributed Feedback Grating

Equations (1)

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m λ Bragg = 2 n eff Λ ,

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