Abstract

By using the power flow equation, we have examined the state of mode coupling in strained and unstrained step-index glass optical fibers. Strained fibers show stronger mode coupling than their unstrained counterparts of the same type. As a result, the coupling length where equilibrium mode distribution is achieved and the length of fiber required for achieving the steady-state mode distribution are shorter for strained than for unstrained fibers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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