Abstract

We report a high-performance 25km Brillouin-loss-based distributed fiber sensor through optimizing system parameters. First, the Brillouin spectrum distortion and measurement error induced by the excess amplification on probe pulse are investigated, and the results indicate that a low continuous-wave pump power is essential to decrease the measurement error. Then an optimal pulse pair is determined through the differential Brillouin gain evolution along the entire sensing fiber in a differential pulse-width pair Brillouin optical time domain analysis. Using dispersion-shifted fiber to allow a high-power probe pulse, we realize a 25km sensing range with a spatial resolution of 30cm and a strain accuracy of ±20με, which we believe is the best performance in such a length, to the best of our knowledge.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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