Abstract

A compact Si-nanowire-based reflective arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) for dense wavelength-division multiplexing is proposed. At the end of each waveguide in the array, there is an individual photonic crystal (PhC) reflector, which makes the AWG layout design very flexible. All the PhC reflectors are with the same design. With such a design, the total size of the AWG (de)multiplexer is reduced by more than a half. The reflection efficiency of the used PhC reflectors is enhanced by optimizing the taper between the arrayed waveguides and the PhC reflector. A 200GHz AWG (de)multiplexer is designed and fabricated as an example. The total size is only about 193μm×168μm.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2017–2019 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Dai and S. He, “Ultra-small overlapped arrayed-waveguide grating based on Si nanowire waveguides for dense wavelength division demultiplexing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1301–1305 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. Dai and S. He, “Novel ultracompact Si-nanowire-based arrayed-waveguide grating with microbends,” Opt. Express 14, 5260–5265 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Proposal for an ultracompact polarization-beam splitter based on a photonic-crystal-assisted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 825–827 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  19. D. Dai, L. Liu, and S. He, “Three-dimensional hybrid method for efficient and accurate simulation of AWG demultiplexers,” Opt. Commun. 270, 195–202 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304(2003).
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  24. W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, and P. Dumon, “Silicon-on-insulator spectral filters fabricated with CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33–44 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  25. D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, and P. Dumon, “Silicon-on-insulator spectral filters fabricated with CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, “Comparative study of the integration density for passive linear planar lightwave circuits based on three different kinds of nanophotonic waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1126–1131 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Proposal for an ultracompact polarization-beam splitter based on a photonic-crystal-assisted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 825–827 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, L. Liu, and S. He, “Three-dimensional hybrid method for efficient and accurate simulation of AWG demultiplexers,” Opt. Commun. 270, 195–202 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (7)

D. Dai, S. He, and H. K. Tsang, “Bilevel mode converter between a silicon nanowire waveguide and a larger waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2428–2433 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Ultra-small overlapped arrayed-waveguide grating based on Si nanowire waveguides for dense wavelength division demultiplexing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1301–1305 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Novel ultracompact Si-nanowire-based arrayed-waveguide grating with microbends,” Opt. Express 14, 5260–5265 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, “Arrayed waveguide grating of 70×60μm2 size based on Si photonic wire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 41, 801–802 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304(2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1996 (2)

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “Phasar-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based arrayed-wave-guide grating circuit as optical splitter router,” Electron. Lett. 31, 726–727 (1995).
[Crossref]

Adesida, I.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Almeida, V. R.

Amersfoort, M. R.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Baba, T.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, “Arrayed waveguide grating of 70×60μm2 size based on Si photonic wire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 41, 801–802 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Baets, R. G.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bayer, C.

Beckx, S.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bernussi, A. A.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Mirror quality and the performance of reflective arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828–1832 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bienstman, P.

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, and P. Dumon, “Silicon-on-insulator spectral filters fabricated with CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Brouckaert, T.

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

Caneau, C.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. W.

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

Daele, P. V.

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dai, D.

D. Dai, L. Liu, and S. He, “Three-dimensional hybrid method for efficient and accurate simulation of AWG demultiplexers,” Opt. Commun. 270, 195–202 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Proposal for an ultracompact polarization-beam splitter based on a photonic-crystal-assisted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 825–827 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, “Comparative study of the integration density for passive linear planar lightwave circuits based on three different kinds of nanophotonic waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1126–1131 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Ultra-small overlapped arrayed-waveguide grating based on Si nanowire waveguides for dense wavelength division demultiplexing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1301–1305 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Novel ultracompact Si-nanowire-based arrayed-waveguide grating with microbends,” Opt. Express 14, 5260–5265 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai, S. He, and H. K. Tsang, “Bilevel mode converter between a silicon nanowire waveguide and a larger waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2428–2433 (2006).
[Crossref]

de Peralta, L. Grave

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Mirror quality and the performance of reflective arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828–1832 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dragone, C.

C. Dragone, “Efficient reflective multiplexer arrangement,” U.S. patent 5,450,511 (12 September 1995).

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, and P. Dumon, “Silicon-on-insulator spectral filters fabricated with CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Z. C.

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

Frisbie, S.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Mirror quality and the performance of reflective arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828–1832 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gale, R.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Mirror quality and the performance of reflective arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828–1832 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gorbounov, V.

He, S.

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Proposal for an ultracompact polarization-beam splitter based on a photonic-crystal-assisted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 825–827 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, “Comparative study of the integration density for passive linear planar lightwave circuits based on three different kinds of nanophotonic waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1126–1131 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai, L. Liu, and S. He, “Three-dimensional hybrid method for efficient and accurate simulation of AWG demultiplexers,” Opt. Commun. 270, 195–202 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, S. He, and H. K. Tsang, “Bilevel mode converter between a silicon nanowire waveguide and a larger waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2428–2433 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Novel ultracompact Si-nanowire-based arrayed-waveguide grating with microbends,” Opt. Express 14, 5260–5265 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai and S. He, “Ultra-small overlapped arrayed-waveguide grating based on Si nanowire waveguides for dense wavelength division demultiplexing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1301–1305 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Himeno, A.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based arrayed-wave-guide grating circuit as optical splitter router,” Electron. Lett. 31, 726–727 (1995).
[Crossref]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based arrayed-wave-guide grating circuit as optical splitter router,” Electron. Lett. 31, 726–727 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jaenen, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

Kawachi, M.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based arrayed-wave-guide grating circuit as optical splitter router,” Electron. Lett. 31, 726–727 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.-J.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, G.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krauss, T. F.

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

LeBlanc, H. P.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-M.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Linn, J. A.

Lipson, M.

Liu, L.

D. Dai, L. Liu, and S. He, “Three-dimensional hybrid method for efficient and accurate simulation of AWG demultiplexers,” Opt. Commun. 270, 195–202 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mesel, K. D.

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moerman, I.

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moriwaki, K.

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based arrayed-wave-guide grating circuit as optical splitter router,” Electron. Lett. 31, 726–727 (1995).
[Crossref]

Motegi, A.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, “Arrayed waveguide grating of 70×60μm2 size based on Si photonic wire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 41, 801–802 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ohno, F.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, “Arrayed waveguide grating of 70×60μm2 size based on Si photonic wire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 41, 801–802 (2005).
[Crossref]

Panepucci, R. R.

Pyo, J.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rajhel, A.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, “Arrayed waveguide grating of 70×60μm2 size based on Si photonic wire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 41, 801–802 (2005).
[Crossref]

Selvaraja, S.

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, and P. Dumon, “Silicon-on-insulator spectral filters fabricated with CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Proposal for an ultracompact polarization-beam splitter based on a photonic-crystal-assisted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 825–827 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, Y. Shi, and S. He, “Comparative study of the integration density for passive linear planar lightwave circuits based on three different kinds of nanophotonic waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1126–1131 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “Phasar-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[Crossref]

Song, J. H.

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

Soole, J. B. D.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Straub, M.

Taillaert, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Temkin, H.

A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, V. Gorbounov, J. A. Linn, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Mirror quality and the performance of reflective arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1828–1832 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsang, H. K.

Van Dam, C.

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “Phasar-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verstuyft, S.

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Wiaux, V.

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wosinski, L.

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wouters, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, “Compact wavelength router based on a Silicon-on-insulator arrayed waveguide grating pigtailed to a fiber array,” Opt. Express 14, 664–669 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

Yan, Y.

Youtsey, C.

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. J.

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, J. Z.

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (4)

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, “Arrayed waveguide grating of 70×60μm2 size based on Si photonic wire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 41, 801–802 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, L. Liu, L. Wosinski, and S. He, “Design and fabrication of ultra-small overlapped AWG demultiplexer based on alpha-Si nanowire waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, C. Youtsey, and I. Adesida, “Compact polarisation independent InP reflective arrayed waveguide grating filter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1769–1770 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, A. Himeno, K. Moriwaki, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based arrayed-wave-guide grating circuit as optical splitter router,” Electron. Lett. 31, 726–727 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T. F. Krauss, P. V. Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. D. Mesel, and R. Baets, “An out-of-plane grating coupler for efficient butt-coupling between compact planar waveguides and single-mode fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 949–955 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. J. Yu, J. Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Z. C. Fan, and S. W. Chen, “Design, fabrication, and characterization of an ultracompact low-loss photonic crystal corner mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 876–883 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

D. Dai and S. He, “Ultra-small overlapped arrayed-waveguide grating based on Si nanowire waveguides for dense wavelength division demultiplexing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1301–1305 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, “Phasar-based WDM-devices: principles, design and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236–250 (1996).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, and R. G. Baets, “Compact wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1394–1401 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, and P. Dumon, “Silicon-on-insulator spectral filters fabricated with CMOS technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

D.-J. Kim, J.-M. Lee, J. H. Song, J. Pyo, and G. Kim, “Crosstalk reduction in a shallow-etched silicon nanowire AWG,”IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1615–1617 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, S. Frisbie, R. Gale, and H. Temkin, “Reflective arrayed waveguide grating multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1398–1340 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Shi, D. Dai, and S. He, “Proposal for an ultracompact polarization-beam splitter based on a photonic-crystal-assisted multimode interference coupler,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 825–827 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Brouckaert, W. Bogaerts, S. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, R. Baets, D. Van Thourhout, “Planar concave grating demultiplexer with high reflective Bragg reflector facets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 309–311 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Dai, L. Liu, and S. He, “Three-dimensional hybrid method for efficient and accurate simulation of AWG demultiplexers,” Opt. Commun. 270, 195–202 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

C. Dragone, “Efficient reflective multiplexer arrangement,” U.S. patent 5,450,511 (12 September 1995).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configurations: (a) present reflective AWG; (b) PhC reflector; (c) cross section of a Si nanowire.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

For the PhC reflectors with P x = 11 and P z = 9 : (a) the average reflection efficiency R av as the width and length of the taper vary; (b) the reflection efficiency in the window of [ 1500 , 1600 ] nm for the design with ( w tp , L tp ) = ( 1.25 , 4 ) μm , and ( 1.6 , 6 ) μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average reflection efficiency R av : (a) as the period number P x decreases; (b) as the period number P z decreases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflection efficiency in the window of [ 1450 , 1650 ] nm when w tp = 1.6 μm , L tp = 6 μm , P x = 4.5 , and P z = 6 .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Layout of the designed reflective AWG (de)multiplexer. (b) Calculated spectral response of all the output channels.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured coupling loss of a grating coupler. The insert is a picture of the fabricated grating coupler.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Picture of the fabricated 200 GHz Si- nanowire-based reflective AWG (de)multiplexer with photonic crystal reflectors. (b) Measured spectral response of the central channel. (c) Measured spectral responses of two adjacent channels.

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