Abstract

The first rare-earth-doped fiber lasers were operated in the early sixties and produced a few milliwatts at a wavelength around 1 μm. For the next several decades, fiber lasers were little more than a low-power laboratory curiosity. Recently, however, fiber lasers are entering the realm of kilowatt powers in continuous as well as in pulse operation with diffraction-limited beam quality. In this article we review this power evolution.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

P. Rußbüldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-amplifier,” Opt. Express 17, 12230–12245 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

Z. Jiang and J. R. Marciante, “Impact of transverse spatial-hole burning on beam quality in large-mode-area Yb-doped fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 247–254(2008).
[CrossRef]

IPG Photonics, D. Gapontsev, “6kW CW single mode ytterbium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2008), www.ipgphotonics.com.

2007

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3495–3497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

2000

1999

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528 (1999) .
[CrossRef]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

D. C. Hanna, “Confined solid-state structures (fiber and waveguides) compared to bulk gain lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1995), tutorial JWA1.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

1994

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

1993

L. Zenteno, “High power double-clad fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435–1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

1972

W. B. Jones, L. M. Goldman, J. P. Chernoch, and W. S. Martin, “The Mini-FPL—a face-pumped laser: concept and implementation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 534–535 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1966

C. J. Koester, “Laser action by enhanced total internal reflection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 580–584 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1964

1963

E. Snitzer, “Neodymium glass laser,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Solid Lasers, Paris (1963), pp. 999–1019.

1960

T. H. Maiman, “Stimulated optical radiation in ruby,” Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1958

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, “Infrared and optical masers,” Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1954

J. P. Gordon, H. J. Zeiger, and C. H. Townes, “Molecular microwave oscillator and new hyperfine structure in the microwave spectrum of NH3,” Phys. Rev. 95, 282–284 (1954).
[CrossRef]

1917

Albert Einstein, “Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung,” Phys. Z. 18, 121–128 (1917).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

Andersen, T. V.

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Broeng, J.

Brooks, C. D.

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Chernoch, J. P.

W. B. Jones, L. M. Goldman, J. P. Chernoch, and W. S. Martin, “The Mini-FPL—a face-pumped laser: concept and implementation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 534–535 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Di Teodoro, F.

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

E., M.

Eidam, T.

Einstein, Albert

Albert Einstein, “Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung,” Phys. Z. 18, 121–128 (1917).

Ermeneux, S.

Gabler, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Gapontsev, D.

IPG Photonics, D. Gapontsev, “6kW CW single mode ytterbium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2008), www.ipgphotonics.com.

Ghalmi, S.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Goldberg, L.

Goldman, L. M.

W. B. Jones, L. M. Goldman, J. P. Chernoch, and W. S. Martin, “The Mini-FPL—a face-pumped laser: concept and implementation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 534–535 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon, H. J. Zeiger, and C. H. Townes, “Molecular microwave oscillator and new hyperfine structure in the microwave spectrum of NH3,” Phys. Rev. 95, 282–284 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Gottschall, T.

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guertin, D.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Hädrich, S.

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Hanf, S.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, “Confined solid-state structures (fiber and waveguides) compared to bulk gain lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1995), tutorial JWA1.

Hansen, K.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hugel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Iliew, R.

Jabobson, N.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Jacobsen, C.

Jakobsen, C.

Jeong, Y.

Jiang, Z.

Jones, W. B.

W. B. Jones, L. M. Goldman, J. P. Chernoch, and W. S. Martin, “The Mini-FPL—a face-pumped laser: concept and implementation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 534–535 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Knight, J. C.

Koester, C. J.

C. J. Koester, “Laser action by enhanced total internal reflection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 580–584 (1966).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Koplow, P.

Lederer, F.

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 13, 7621–7630 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

Li, J.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 94–96 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3495–3497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, “Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14, 2715–2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 13, 7621–7630 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

Litchinitser, N.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Liu, C.-H.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maiman, T. H.

T. H. Maiman, “Stimulated optical radiation in ruby,” Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Mans, T.

Marciante, J. R.

Martin, W. S.

W. B. Jones, L. M. Goldman, J. P. Chernoch, and W. S. Martin, “The Mini-FPL—a face-pumped laser: concept and implementation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 534–535 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Maurer, R. D.

R. D. Maurer, “Optical waveguide light source,” U.S. patent 3,808,549 (30 March 1974).

McCollum, B. C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Moeller, R. P.

Monberg, E.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528 (1999) .
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Peng, X.

Percival, R. M.

Pertsch, T.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

Petersson, A.

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Poprawe, R.

Ramachandran, S.

Reich, M.

Röser, F.

Rotarius, G.

Rothhardt, J.

Rußbüldt, P.

Russell, J. P.

J. P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Sahu, J. K.

Salin, F.

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schawlow, A. L.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, “Infrared and optical masers,” Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 94–96 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

C. J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[CrossRef]

E. Snitzer, “Neodymium glass laser,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Solid Lasers, Paris (1963), pp. 999–1019.

Sousa, J. M.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528 (1999) .
[CrossRef]

Tankala, K.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

Townes, C. H.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, “Infrared and optical masers,” Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, H. J. Zeiger, and C. H. Townes, “Molecular microwave oscillator and new hyperfine structure in the microwave spectrum of NH3,” Phys. Rev. 95, 282–284 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

Tünnermann, A.

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 94–96 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3495–3497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, “Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14, 2715–2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 13, 7621–7630 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, C.

Wisk, P.

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Yeh, P. S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yvernault, P.

Zeiger, H. J.

J. P. Gordon, H. J. Zeiger, and C. H. Townes, “Molecular microwave oscillator and new hyperfine structure in the microwave spectrum of NH3,” Phys. Rev. 95, 282–284 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

Zenteno, L.

L. Zenteno, “High power double-clad fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435–1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. D. Brooks and F. Di Teodoro, “Multimegawatt peak-power, single-transverse-mode operation of a 100μm core diameter, Yb-doped rodlike photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 111119 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multimode Er-doped fiber for single-transverse-mode amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1528 (1999) .
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P. S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158–1160 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Jones, L. M. Goldman, J. P. Chernoch, and W. S. Martin, “The Mini-FPL—a face-pumped laser: concept and implementation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 534–535 (1972).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, F. Röser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “A 325W-average-power fiber CPA system delivering sub-400fs pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

L. Zenteno, “High power double-clad fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435–1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

T. H. Maiman, “Stimulated optical radiation in ruby,” Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rußbüldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-amplifier,” Opt. Express 17, 12230–12245 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, “Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 13, 7621–7630 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express 11, 48–53 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Dong, J. Li, and X. Peng, “Bend-resistant fundamental mode operation in ytterbium-doped leakage channel fibers with effective areas up to 3160μm2,” Opt. Express 14, 11512–11519 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, “Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14, 2715–2720 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. P. Gordon, H. J. Zeiger, and C. H. Townes, “Molecular microwave oscillator and new hyperfine structure in the microwave spectrum of NH3,” Phys. Rev. 95, 282–284 (1954).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, “Infrared and optical masers,” Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Z.

Albert Einstein, “Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung,” Phys. Z. 18, 121–128 (1917).

Science

J. P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, A. Galvanauskas, D. Guertin, N. Jabobson, and K. Tankala, “Effectively single-mode chirally-coupled core fiber,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper ME2.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Suppression of higher order modes in a multimode fiber amplifier using efficient gain-loss-management (GLM),” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper MB20.

E. Snitzer, “Neodymium glass laser,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Solid Lasers, Paris (1963), pp. 999–1019.

IPG Photonics, D. Gapontsev, “6kW CW single mode ytterbium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2008), www.ipgphotonics.com.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

R. D. Maurer, “Optical waveguide light source,” U.S. patent 3,808,549 (30 March 1974).

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, Vol. 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1988), postdeadline paper PD5.

D. C. Hanna, “Confined solid-state structures (fiber and waveguides) compared to bulk gain lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 1995), tutorial JWA1.

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of a fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Double-clad fiber concept.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Improvement of pump light absorption by periodic bending of circular double-clad fibers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power evolution of cw double-clad fiber lasers with diffraction-limited beam quality over the past decade.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The first air-clad photonic crystal fiber operated at high power levels.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cross-section of single-transverse-mode single- polarization large-mode-area fiber.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Cross-section of the large-mode-area rod-type PCF with a zoom in the embedded microstructured parts.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Schematic setup of the mJ level high repetition rate fiber CPA system: ISO, optical isolator; AOM, acousto-optical modulator; PCF, photonic crystal fiber.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Near-field intensity profile of the 80 μm core emission and caustic of the beam quality measurement at 100 W of output power.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Measured autocorrelation traces of the compressed pulses: dotted, at low pulse energy; dashed, 200 kHz and 500 μJ ; solid, 50 kHz and 1 mJ .

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Peak power evolution of ultrafast fiber amplifiers.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Schematic setup of the 830 W femtosecond fiber amplifier.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Characteristics of the high average power fiber CPA system.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Measured and calculated pulse characteristics at the output.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Average power evolution of ultrafast lasers.

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