Abstract

A microperiodic structure composed of polymer and liquid crystal (LC) phases, called holographic polymer dispersed LC, is fabricated by a photo-induced phase separation technique using LC composites with different physical properties, such as refractive indices and clearing points. Effects of thermal modulation on diffraction properties of LC composite gratings are experimentally investigated in the viewpoints of polarization and temperature dependences. The diffractions based on the change of refractive index induced by the nematic–isotropic transition of LCs with the increase of temperature are applied for a holographic image reconstruction.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Crawford and T. G. Fiske, “Reflective color LCDs based on H-PDLC and PSCT technologies,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 5, 45–48(1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Lee, H. Gu, and D. J. Psaltis, “Volume holographic interconnections with maximal capacity and minimal cross talk,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191–2194 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392(1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. W. Kang, S. Sprunt, and L. C. Chien, “Structure and morphology of polymer-stabilized cholesteric diffraction gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3516–3518 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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  20. D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 725–727 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. Y.-G. Fuh, C.-R. Lee, and Y.-H. Ho, “Thermally and electrically switchable gratings based on polymer-ball-type polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal films,” Appl. Opt. 41, 4585–4589(2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  28. I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 021707 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. Takeda and A. Ogiwara, “Optical property and fabrication for diffractive optical element using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” IEICE Trans. Electron. 89-C, 25–33 (2006).
  30. A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.
  31. A. Ogiwara and T. Hirokari, “Formation of anisotropic diffraction gratings in a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal by polarization modulation using a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3015–3022 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, and A. Ogiwara, “Thermo-driven solar transmittance controller composed of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in The 47th ANZSES Annual Conference (Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society, 2009), paper 145.

2010 (1)

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Takeda and A. Ogiwara, “Optical property and fabrication for diffractive optical element using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” IEICE Trans. Electron. 89-C, 25–33 (2006).

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Caputo, L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Development of a new kind of switchable holographic grating made of liquid-crystal films separated by slices of polymeric material,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1261–1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Caputo, A. Veltri, C. P. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Characterization of the diffraction efficiency of new holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer-slice sequence structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1939–1947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Sakhno, S. Slussarenko, and J. Stumpe, “POLIPHEM: new type of nanoscale polymer-LC-switchable photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE 5521, 38–45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669–9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 725–727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

S. W. Kang, S. Sprunt, and L. C. Chien, “Structure and morphology of polymer-stabilized cholesteric diffraction gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3516–3518 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

G. P. Crawford and T. G. Fiske, “Reflective color LCDs based on H-PDLC and PSCT technologies,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 5, 45–48(1997).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kato, S. Tsuru, and S. Sakai, “Holographically formed liquid-crystal/polymer device for reflective color display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 2, 37–40 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

S. A. Collins and H. J. Caulfied, “Optical holographic interconnects: categorization and potential efficient passive resonated holograms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 1568–1577 (1989).
[CrossRef]

X. Lee, H. Gu, and D. J. Psaltis, “Volume holographic interconnections with maximal capacity and minimal cross talk,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191–2194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abbate, G.

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adams, W. W.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bastiaansen, C. W. M.

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

Broer, D. J.

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Caputo, R.

Caulfied, H. J.

Chen, Y. M.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

Chien, L. C.

S. W. Kang, S. Sprunt, and L. C. Chien, “Structure and morphology of polymer-stabilized cholesteric diffraction gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3516–3518 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Collins, S. A.

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford and T. G. Fiske, “Reflective color LCDs based on H-PDLC and PSCT technologies,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 5, 45–48(1997).
[CrossRef]

Criante, L.

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 725–727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669–9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Date, M.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Domash, L. H.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

Ellabban, M. A.

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Emoto, A.

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

Escuti, M. J.

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

Fally, M.

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fiske, T. G.

G. P. Crawford and T. G. Fiske, “Reflective color LCDs based on H-PDLC and PSCT technologies,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 5, 45–48(1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

Galstian, T.

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galstyan, A. V.

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gomatam, B. N.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

Gozewski, C. M.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

Grozhik, V.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, H.

X. Lee, H. Gu, and D. J. Psaltis, “Volume holographic interconnections with maximal capacity and minimal cross talk,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191–2194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hakobyan, R. S.

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harbour, S.

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haugsjaa, P. L.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hirokari, T.

Hisaki, T.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, Y.-H.

Horiguchi, S.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imai, H.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kakiuchida, H.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, and A. Ogiwara, “Thermo-driven solar transmittance controller composed of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in The 47th ANZSES Annual Conference (Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society, 2009), paper 145.

Kang, S. W.

S. W. Kang, S. Sprunt, and L. C. Chien, “Structure and morphology of polymer-stabilized cholesteric diffraction gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3516–3518 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Karasawa, T.

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kato, S. Tsuru, and S. Sakai, “Holographically formed liquid-crystal/polymer device for reflective color display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 2, 37–40 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koval, J. J.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuratomi, Y.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-R.

Lee, X.

X. Lee, H. Gu, and D. J. Psaltis, “Volume holographic interconnections with maximal capacity and minimal cross talk,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191–2194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lucchetta, D. E.

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669–9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 725–727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marino, A.

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Minato, M.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizuguchi, S.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ogiwara, A.

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara and T. Hirokari, “Formation of anisotropic diffraction gratings in a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal by polarization modulation using a spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3015–3022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Takeda and A. Ogiwara, “Optical property and fabrication for diffractive optical element using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” IEICE Trans. Electron. 89-C, 25–33 (2006).

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, and A. Ogiwara, “Thermo-driven solar transmittance controller composed of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in The 47th ANZSES Annual Conference (Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society, 2009), paper 145.

A. Ogiwara and K. Shingai, “Improvement of diffraction efficiency in high temperature region for polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Display Workshops (2006), pp. 189–192.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
[CrossRef]

Oh, C.

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohbayashi, K.

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

Olenik, I. D.

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

Oren, M.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D. J.

X. Lee, H. Gu, and D. J. Psaltis, “Volume holographic interconnections with maximal capacity and minimal cross talk,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191–2194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, S.

K. Tanaka, K. Kato, S. Tsuru, and S. Sakai, “Holographically formed liquid-crystal/polymer device for reflective color display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 2, 37–40 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakhno, O.

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Sakhno, S. Slussarenko, and J. Stumpe, “POLIPHEM: new type of nanoscale polymer-LC-switchable photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE 5521, 38–45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez, C.

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

Serak, S.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shingai, K.

A. Ogiwara and K. Shingai, “Improvement of diffraction efficiency in high temperature region for polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Display Workshops (2006), pp. 189–192.

Simoni, F.

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669–9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings,” Opt. Lett. 28, 725–727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sio, L. D.

Slussarenko, S.

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Sakhno, S. Slussarenko, and J. Stumpe, “POLIPHEM: new type of nanoscale polymer-LC-switchable photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE 5521, 38–45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Slussarenko, S. S.

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sprunt, S.

S. W. Kang, S. Sprunt, and L. C. Chien, “Structure and morphology of polymer-stabilized cholesteric diffraction gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3516–3518 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stumpe, J.

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Sakhno, S. Slussarenko, and J. Stumpe, “POLIPHEM: new type of nanoscale polymer-LC-switchable photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE 5521, 38–45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sukhov, A. V.

Sutherland, R. L.

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tabirian, N.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

M. Takeda and A. Ogiwara, “Optical property and fabrication for diffractive optical element using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” IEICE Trans. Electron. 89-C, 25–33 (2006).

Taketomi, Y.

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

Takimoto, A.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Kato, S. Tsuru, and S. Sakai, “Holographically formed liquid-crystal/polymer device for reflective color display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 2, 37–40 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tazawa, M.

A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

Tkachenko, V.

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tong, X.

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuru, S.

K. Tanaka, K. Kato, S. Tsuru, and S. Sakai, “Holographically formed liquid-crystal/polymer device for reflective color display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 2, 37–40 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Umeton, C.

Umeton, C. P.

Vaia, R. A.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vasnetsov, M. V.

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Veltri, A.

Vita, F.

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

White, T. J.

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yavrian, A.

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K.

A. Ogiwara, S. Horiguchi, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, K. Yoshimura, and H. Ono, “Control of anisotropic diffraction in liquid-crystal composite volume gratings,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1521–1523 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, and A. Ogiwara, “Thermo-driven solar transmittance controller composed of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in The 47th ANZSES Annual Conference (Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society, 2009), paper 145.

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

Zhao, Y.

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

X. Tong, G. Wang, A. Yavrian, T. Galstian, and Y. Zhao, “Dual-mode switching of diffraction gratings based on azobenzene-polymer stabilized liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 17, 370–374(2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. W. Kang, S. Sprunt, and L. C. Chien, “Structure and morphology of polymer-stabilized cholesteric diffraction gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3516–3518 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

M. Takeda and A. Ogiwara, “Optical property and fabrication for diffractive optical element using polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” IEICE Trans. Electron. 89-C, 25–33 (2006).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

X. Lee, H. Gu, and D. J. Psaltis, “Volume holographic interconnections with maximal capacity and minimal cross talk,” J. Appl. Phys. 65, 2191–2194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, “Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669–9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

K. Tanaka, K. Kato, S. Tsuru, and S. Sakai, “Holographically formed liquid-crystal/polymer device for reflective color display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 2, 37–40 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Crawford and T. G. Fiske, “Reflective color LCDs based on H-PDLC and PSCT technologies,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 5, 45–48(1997).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (4)

K. Kato, T. Hisaki, and M. Date, “Alignment-controlled holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal for reflective display devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 805–808 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Karasawa and Y. Taketomi, “Effects of materials system on the polarization behavior of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal gratings,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6388–6392(1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, H. Kakiuchida, M. Tazawa, and H. Ono, “Analysis of anisotropic diffraction gratings using holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 7341–7346(2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, M. Minato, S. Horiguchi, H. Ono, H. Imai, H. Kakiuchida, and K. Yoshimura, “Diffraction properties of anisotropic volume gratings formed in polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6688–6694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst (1)

M. V. Vasnetsov, S. S. Slussarenko Jr., J. Stumpe, O. Sakhno, S. S. Slussarenko, and G. Abbate, “Lasing by second-order Bragg diffraction in dye-doped POLIPHEM gratings,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst 516, 159–166 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

G. Abbate, F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, S. Slussarenko, O. Sakhno, and J. Stumpe, “New generation of holographic gratings based on polymer-LC composites: POLICRYPS and POLIPHEM,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 453, 1–13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. V. Galstyan, R. S. Hakobyan, S. Harbour, and T. Galstian, “Thermal modulation of diffraction in near infrared sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Commun. 241, 23–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

I. D. Olenik, M. Fally, and M. A. Ellabban, “Temperature dependence of optical anisotropy of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 021707 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

O. Sakhno, S. Slussarenko, and J. Stumpe, “POLIPHEM: new type of nanoscale polymer-LC-switchable photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE 5521, 38–45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, J. J. Koval, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. A. Vaia, S. Serak, V. Grozhik, N. Tabirian, and T. J. Bunning, “Polarization dependent photoactuation in azobenzene LC polymers,” Proc. SPIE 6654, 665403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, B. N. Gomatam, C. M. Gozewski, and R. L. Sutherland, “Switchable-focus lenses in holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Proc. SPIE 2689, 188–194(1996).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Domash, Y. M. Chen, C. M. Gozewski, P. L. Haugsjaa, and M. Oren, “Electronically switchable Bragg gratings for large-scale NXN fiber optic crossconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3010, 214–228 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE. (1)

M. J. Escuti, C. Oh, C. Sánchez, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, and D. J. Broer, “Simplified spectropolarimetry using reactive mesogen polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE. 6302, 630207(2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Ogiwara and K. Shingai, “Improvement of diffraction efficiency in high temperature region for polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Display Workshops (2006), pp. 189–192.

A. Ogiwara, Y. Kuratomi, T. Karasawa, A. Takimoto, and S. Mizuguchi, “P- and S- polarization converting device for LC projector using holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal films,” in SID International Symposium Digest Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1999), pp. 1124–1127.
[CrossRef]

A. Ogiwara, K. Ohbayashi, H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, M. Tazawa, H. Ono, and A. Emoto, “Orientation controlled anisotropic volume gratings using liquid-crystal composites,” in Proceedings of the 15th Microoptics Conference (Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2009), pp. 190–191.

H. Kakiuchida, K. Yoshimura, and A. Ogiwara, “Thermo-driven solar transmittance controller composed of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal,” in The 47th ANZSES Annual Conference (Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society, 2009), paper 145.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical setup for fabricating HPDLC gratings with a laser interferometer by using a temperature controller.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement system for temperature dependence of the diffraction efficiency of LC composite gratings using a green laser ( λ = 532 nm ) in various polarization conditions with a polarizer with a rotary stage.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of diffraction efficiencies of LC composite gratings fabricated with the nematic LC (BL024) and isotropic monomers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of diffraction efficiencies of LC composite gratings fabricated with the nematic LC (BL024) and LC diacrylate monomers in different rubbing conditions at rubbing directions of (a) 0 ° and (b) 90 ° .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature dependence of diffraction efficiencies of LC composite gratings fabricated using the nematic LC (K15) and LC diacrylate monomers in different rubbing conditions at rubbing directions of (a) 0 ° and (b) 90 ° .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Polarization-azimuth dependences of the zeroth- (open circles) and first- (solid circles) order diffraction efficiencies measured at 100 ° C as functions of incident polarization state to clarify the effects of orientation of LC diacrylate monomers on the glass plate (a) with alignment layers rubbed in the 0 ° direction and (b) without alignment layers.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fringe patterns observed by polarization microscopy of LC composite gratings formed using (a) the nematic LC (BL024) and isotropic monomers without alignment layers and (b) the nematic LC (BL024) and LC diacrylate monomers with alignment layers rubbed at 0 ° . The arrows near the center of the images represent the directions of the polarizer (P) and analyzer (A). Images A1 and B1 are observed at 25 ° C , whereas images A2 and B2 are observed at 100 ° C .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SEM cross-sectional views of the gratings obtained by (a) the nematic LC (BL024) and isotropic monomers without alignment layers and (b) the nematic LC (BL024) and LC diacrylate monomers with alignment layers rubbed at 0 ° .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Reconstructed images from the HPDLC gratings fabricated by writing the binary letter F in the gratings using a SLM. (a) is observed at 25 ° C , whereas (b) is observed at 100 ° C .

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