Abstract

A short linear cavity erbium fiber laser is adapted to become a Q-switched laser by using a new and simple loss switching technique. The technique utilizes the inherent flexibility of optical fiber to rapidly drive the fiber end in and out of alignment with a cavity mirror, creating the conditions necessary for Q-switching. We investigate the effectiveness of different Q-switch configurations and analyze the Q-switch opening time of each configuration.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. E. Siegman , Lasers (University Science, 1986).
  2. H. H. Kee , G. P. Lee , and T. P. Newson , “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. A. Alvarez-Chavez , H. L. Offerhaus , J. Nilsson , P. W. Turner , W. A. Clarkson , and D. J. Richardson , “High-energy, high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 37-39 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. W. Huang , W. F. Liu , and C. C. Yang , “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Perez-Millan , A. Diez , M. V. Andres , D. Zalvidea , and R. Duchowicz , “Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 13, 5046-5051 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. F. Stokey , “Vibration of systems having distributed mass and elasticity,” in Shock and Vibration Handbook, 1st ed., C.M.Harris, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1961), Vol. 1, pp. 7.11-7.15.
  8. Z. Rong , “Theoretical and experimental studies of vibrations of optical fiber cantilevers for atomic force microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1753-1756 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Marcuse , “Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).
  10. Y. Shifu and N. A. Riza , “General formula for coupling-loss characterization of single-mode fiber collimators by use of gradient-index rod lenses,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3214-3222(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. C. Becker , N. A. Olsson , and J. R. Simpson , Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez , H. L. Offerhaus , J. Nilsson , P. W. Turner , W. A. Clarkson , and D. J. Richardson , “High-energy, high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 37-39 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Huang , W. F. Liu , and C. C. Yang , “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

Z. Rong , “Theoretical and experimental studies of vibrations of optical fiber cantilevers for atomic force microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1753-1756 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Kee , G. P. Lee , and T. P. Newson , “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

D. Marcuse , “Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Andres, M. V.

P. Perez-Millan , A. Diez , M. V. Andres , D. Zalvidea , and R. Duchowicz , “Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 13, 5046-5051 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker , N. A. Olsson , and J. R. Simpson , Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Clarkson, W. A.

Cruz, J. L.

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Diez, A.

Duchowicz, R.

P. Perez-Millan , A. Diez , M. V. Andres , D. Zalvidea , and R. Duchowicz , “Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 13, 5046-5051 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D. W.

D. W. Huang , W. F. Liu , and C. C. Yang , “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kee, H. H.

H. H. Kee , G. P. Lee , and T. P. Newson , “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. P.

H. H. Kee , G. P. Lee , and T. P. Newson , “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. F.

D. W. Huang , W. F. Liu , and C. C. Yang , “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse , “Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

Mora, J.

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

H. H. Kee , G. P. Lee , and T. P. Newson , “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker , N. A. Olsson , and J. R. Simpson , Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Perez-Millan, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Riza, N. A.

Rong, Z.

Z. Rong , “Theoretical and experimental studies of vibrations of optical fiber cantilevers for atomic force microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1753-1756 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Russo, N. A.

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shifu, Y.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman , Lasers (University Science, 1986).

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker , N. A. Olsson , and J. R. Simpson , Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

Stokey, W. F.

W. F. Stokey , “Vibration of systems having distributed mass and elasticity,” in Shock and Vibration Handbook, 1st ed., C.M.Harris, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1961), Vol. 1, pp. 7.11-7.15.

Turner, P. W.

Yang, C. C.

D. W. Huang , W. F. Liu , and C. C. Yang , “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zalvidea, D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Marcuse , “Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. H. Kee , G. P. Lee , and T. P. Newson , “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. W. Huang , W. F. Liu , and C. C. Yang , “Q-switched all-fiber laser with an acoustically modulated fiber attenuator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1153-1155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. A. Russo , R. Duchowicz , J. Mora , J. L. Cruz , and M. V. Andres , “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210, 361-366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

Z. Rong , “Theoretical and experimental studies of vibrations of optical fiber cantilevers for atomic force microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1753-1756 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. E. Siegman , Lasers (University Science, 1986).

W. F. Stokey , “Vibration of systems having distributed mass and elasticity,” in Shock and Vibration Handbook, 1st ed., C.M.Harris, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1961), Vol. 1, pp. 7.11-7.15.

P. C. Becker , N. A. Olsson , and J. R. Simpson , Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the all-fiber Q-switched laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission as a function of time for a tilt with lens present. The fiber end-face is positioned to be at the focal length of the lens so as to collimate the beam exiting the fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal output of the Q-switched fiber laser with lens present, showing multiple pulses.

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