Abstract

We present a novel idea to construct a solar concentrator with a circular prism array. FRED ray tracing software is used to evaluate our proposed structure in which the incident light rays are deflected by total internal reflection and the optical energy is concentrated and collected at the center. The light rays to be collected travel within the disk once they enter the module, saving the space that is reserved for ray propagation in other concentrators. Simulations for both single-wavelength and broadband light are performed. Our device can be used alone or serve as a secondary concentrator when combined with another solar-energy focusing module. For the proposed concentrator, an optical efficiency of 90% (single wavelength, 0.87μm) is achieved under normal incidence and with antireflection coating, and a high geometric concentration ratio of 93 is reached. When combined with a Fresnel lens, which is used as a primary concentrator, the overall efficiency and concentration ratio can reach 92% (single wavelength, 0.87μm) and 837, respectively.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. S. Deffeyes, “Hubbert’s peak: the impending world oil shortage,” Am. J. Phys. 72, 126–127 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  2. C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Feuermann and J. M. Gordon, “High-concentration photovoltaic designs based on miniature parabolic dishes,” Sol. Energy Mater. 70, 423–430 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).
  5. The Liddell Solar Thermal Station: http://www.ausra.com/pdfs/LiddellOverview.pdf.
  6. S. A. Kalogirou, “Solar thermal collectors and applications,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30, 231–295(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. A. Wong and R. P. Macosko, “Refractive secondary concentrators for solar thermal applicaions,” in Proceedings of the 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Society of Automotive Engineers, 1999), NASA/TM–1999-209379/IECEC 99-01-2678.
  8. A. G. Imenes and D. R. Mills, “Spectral beam splitting technology for increased conversion efficiency in solar concentrating systems: a review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 84, 19–69(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.
  10. http://www.photonengr.com/software.html.
  11. D. Buie, C. J. Dey, and S. Bosi, “The effective size of the solar cone for solar concentrating systems,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 74, 417–427 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Leutz and A. Suzuki, Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses: Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2001).

2009 (2)

C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.

2004 (3)

K. S. Deffeyes, “Hubbert’s peak: the impending world oil shortage,” Am. J. Phys. 72, 126–127 (2004)
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kalogirou, “Solar thermal collectors and applications,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30, 231–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Imenes and D. R. Mills, “Spectral beam splitting technology for increased conversion efficiency in solar concentrating systems: a review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 84, 19–69(2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

D. Buie, C. J. Dey, and S. Bosi, “The effective size of the solar cone for solar concentrating systems,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 74, 417–427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

R. Leutz and A. Suzuki, Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses: Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2001).

D. Feuermann and J. M. Gordon, “High-concentration photovoltaic designs based on miniature parabolic dishes,” Sol. Energy Mater. 70, 423–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

W. A. Wong and R. P. Macosko, “Refractive secondary concentrators for solar thermal applicaions,” in Proceedings of the 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Society of Automotive Engineers, 1999), NASA/TM–1999-209379/IECEC 99-01-2678.

Bosi, S.

D. Buie, C. J. Dey, and S. Bosi, “The effective size of the solar cone for solar concentrating systems,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 74, 417–427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Botke, M. M.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Brandhorst, H. W.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Buie, D.

D. Buie, C. J. Dey, and S. Bosi, “The effective size of the solar cone for solar concentrating systems,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 74, 417–427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-F.

C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Deffeyes, K. S.

K. S. Deffeyes, “Hubbert’s peak: the impending world oil shortage,” Am. J. Phys. 72, 126–127 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Dey, C. J.

D. Buie, C. J. Dey, and S. Bosi, “The effective size of the solar cone for solar concentrating systems,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 74, 417–427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D. L.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Eskenazi, M. I.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Fei, W.-C.

W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.

Feuermann, D.

D. Feuermann and J. M. Gordon, “High-concentration photovoltaic designs based on miniature parabolic dishes,” Sol. Energy Mater. 70, 423–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

George, P. J.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Gordon, J. M.

D. Feuermann and J. M. Gordon, “High-concentration photovoltaic designs based on miniature parabolic dishes,” Sol. Energy Mater. 70, 423–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hoppe, D. T.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Hsu, W.-C.

W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.

Huang, C.-H.

W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.

Imenes, A. G.

A. G. Imenes and D. R. Mills, “Spectral beam splitting technology for increased conversion efficiency in solar concentrating systems: a review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 84, 19–69(2004).
[CrossRef]

Jan, H.-T.

C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Jones, S. A.

A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kalogirou, S. A.

S. A. Kalogirou, “Solar thermal collectors and applications,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30, 231–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

Leutz, R.

R. Leutz and A. Suzuki, Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses: Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2001).

Lin, C.-H.

C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Macosko, R. P.

W. A. Wong and R. P. Macosko, “Refractive secondary concentrators for solar thermal applicaions,” in Proceedings of the 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Society of Automotive Engineers, 1999), NASA/TM–1999-209379/IECEC 99-01-2678.

McDanal, A. J.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Mills, D. R.

A. G. Imenes and D. R. Mills, “Spectral beam splitting technology for increased conversion efficiency in solar concentrating systems: a review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 84, 19–69(2004).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, A.

A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, M. J.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Piszczor, M. F.

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Schmitt, G.

A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

R. Leutz and A. Suzuki, Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses: Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2001).

Tsai, J.-C.

W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.

Witzke, A.

A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W. A.

W. A. Wong and R. P. Macosko, “Refractive secondary concentrators for solar thermal applicaions,” in Proceedings of the 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Society of Automotive Engineers, 1999), NASA/TM–1999-209379/IECEC 99-01-2678.

Yang, Y.-L.

C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

K. S. Deffeyes, “Hubbert’s peak: the impending world oil shortage,” Am. J. Phys. 72, 126–127 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J. Sol. Energy Res. (2)

D. Buie, C. J. Dey, and S. Bosi, “The effective size of the solar cone for solar concentrating systems,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 74, 417–427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Neumann, A. Witzke, S. A. Jones, and G. Schmitt, “Representative terrestrial solar brightness profiles,” J. Sol. Energy Res. 124, 198–204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C.-F. Chen, C.-H. Lin, H.-T. Jan, and Y.-L. Yang, “Design of a solar concentrator combining paraboloidal and hyperbolic mirrors using ray tracing method,” Opt. Commun. 282, 360–366 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. J. O’Neill, M. F. Piszczor, M. I. Eskenazi, A. J. McDanal, P. J. George, M. M. Botke, H. W. Brandhorst, D. L. Edwards, and D. T. Hoppe, “Ultralight stretched Fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power applications,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 116–126 (2003).

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

S. A. Kalogirou, “Solar thermal collectors and applications,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 30, 231–295(2004).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. (1)

D. Feuermann and J. M. Gordon, “High-concentration photovoltaic designs based on miniature parabolic dishes,” Sol. Energy Mater. 70, 423–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

A. G. Imenes and D. R. Mills, “Spectral beam splitting technology for increased conversion efficiency in solar concentrating systems: a review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 84, 19–69(2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

W.-C. Fei, C.-H. Huang, W.-C. Hsu, and J.-C. Tsai, “Design and simulation of a secondary solar concentrator constructed with a circular micro prism array for the enhancement of the concentration ratio,” in Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 001727–001731.

http://www.photonengr.com/software.html.

W. A. Wong and R. P. Macosko, “Refractive secondary concentrators for solar thermal applicaions,” in Proceedings of the 34th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Society of Automotive Engineers, 1999), NASA/TM–1999-209379/IECEC 99-01-2678.

The Liddell Solar Thermal Station: http://www.ausra.com/pdfs/LiddellOverview.pdf.

R. Leutz and A. Suzuki, Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses: Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2001).

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