Abstract

Optical metrology systems crucially rely on the dimensional stability of the optical path between their individual optical components. We present in this paper a novel adhesive bonding technology for setup of quasi-monolithic systems and compare selected characteristics to the well-established state-of-the-art technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding. It is demonstrated that within the measurement resolution of our ultraprecise custom heterodyne interferometer, both techniques achieve an equivalent passive path length and tilt stability for time scales between 0.1 mHz and 1 Hz. Furthermore, the robustness of the adhesive bonds against mechanical and thermal inputs has been tested, making this new bonding technique in particular a potential option for interferometric applications in future space missions. The integration process itself is eased by long time scales for alignment, as well as short curing times.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.
  2. D.-H. Gwo, “Ultra precision and reliable bonding method,” U.S. patent 6,284,085 (4 September 2001).
  3. D.-H. Gwo, “Hydroxide-catalyzed bonding,” U.S. patent 6,548,176 (15 April 2003).
  4. D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Datasheet: Henkel Corporation Aerospace Group, Hysol EA 9313 Epoxy Paste Adhesive, Rev. 1/01.
  9. T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bender, P.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Bogenstahl, J.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

Bower, K. A.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Braxmaier, C.

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brillet, A.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Cagnoli, G.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

Caldwell, M.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ciufolini, I.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Cruise, A. M.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Cutler, C.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Danzmann, K.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Davidson, D. E.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Draaisma, F.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ehrensberger, P.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elliffe, E. J.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

Fidecaro, F.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Folkner, W. M.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Garcia, A.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Geshpande, A.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

Gohlke, M.

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gwo, D.-H.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Gwo, “Ultra precision and reliable bonding method,” U.S. patent 6,284,085 (4 September 2001).

D.-H. Gwo, “Hydroxide-catalyzed bonding,” U.S. patent 6,548,176 (15 April 2003).

Heinzel, G.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Huff, L.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jennrich, O.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johann, U.

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Killow, C.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

Lipa, J. A.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McNamara, P.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Middleton, K.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peters, A.

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peterseim, M.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Reid, S.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, D.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Rodrigues, M.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Romero, E.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Route, R.

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rowan, S.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rüdiger, A.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Sandford, M.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Schäfer, G.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Schilling, R.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Schuldt, T.

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schutz, B.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Speake, C.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Stebbins, R. T.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Steier, F.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, M. T.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sumner, T.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

te Plate, M.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Touboul, P.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Triebes, K.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Twyford, S. M.

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vinet, J.-Y.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Vitale, S.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Wand, V.

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Weise, D.

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, W.

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

Adv. Space Res.

D.-H. Gwo, S. Wang, K. A. Bower, D. E. Davidson, P. Ehrensberger, L. Huff, E. Romero, M. T. Sullivan, K. Triebes, and J. A. Lipa, “The Gravity Probe-B star-tracking telescope,” Adv. Space Res. 32, 1401–1405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Class. Quantum Grav.

E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Geshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcia, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of LISA technology package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Schuldt, M. Gohlke, D. Weise, U. Johann, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “Picometer and nanoradian optical heterodyne interferometry for translation and tilt metrology of the LISA gravitational reference sensor,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 085008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A

S. Rowan, S. M. Twyford, J. Hough, D.-H. Gwo, and R. Route, “Mechanical losses associated with the technique of hydroxide-catalysis bonding of fused silica,” Phys. Lett. A 246, 471–478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, A. M. Cruise, C. Cutler, K. Danzmann, F. Fidecaro, W. M. Folkner, J. Hough, P. McNamara, M. Peterseim, D. Robertson, M. Rodrigues, A. Rüdiger, M. Sandford, G. Schäfer, R. Schilling, B. Schutz, C. Speake, R. T. Stebbins, T. Sumner, P. Touboul, J.-Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, H. Ward, and W. Winkler, Pre-Phase A Report, 2nd ed. (LISA Study Team, 1998), pp. 47–50.

D.-H. Gwo, “Ultra precision and reliable bonding method,” U.S. patent 6,284,085 (4 September 2001).

D.-H. Gwo, “Hydroxide-catalyzed bonding,” U.S. patent 6,548,176 (15 April 2003).

Datasheet: Henkel Corporation Aerospace Group, Hysol EA 9313 Epoxy Paste Adhesive, Rev. 1/01.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Testboard made up of two rows of fused silica mirrors mounted on a Zerodur baseplate. Mirrors 1 and 2 are mounted on the baseplate with the technology of adhesive bonding, while the other four mirrors are hydroxide-catalysis bonded.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A simple test setup was used for constantly controlling the parallelism of the mirrors during the bonding procedure (BS, beam splitter).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beam path of the interferometer with testboard (BS, beam splitter; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; pol, polarizer; PD, photodiode; QPD, quadrant photodiode).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sketch of the optical setup for absolute tilt measurements.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Root of the power spectral density ( PSD 1 / 2 ) of the differential translation signal between two mirrors. One is attached with adhesive bonding while the other is contacted via hydroxide-catalysis bonding.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

PSD 1 / 2 of the two differential tilt signals, horizontal and vertical.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Picture of the testboard in the mounting bracket attached to the shaker. Accelerometers were glued to the baseplate (1, 2) and the mounting bracket (3).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Testboard in thermal chamber. The thermal cycling range is 20 ° C to 50 ° C .

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Test Levels of Vibration Tests

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Table 2 Shock Response Spectra of Shock Tests

Equations (1)

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α = 1 2 · arctan ( y m y 0 d l ) ,

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