Abstract

We generated efficient blue laser output at 454nm by intracavity frequency doubling of a continuous-wave (cw) diode-pumped Nd:YLiF4 (Nd:YLF) laser at 908nm based on the F3/24I9/24 transition. With 32.8W of incident pump power at 880nm and the frequency-doubling crystal LiB3O5, a level as high as 4.33W of cw output power at 454nm is achieved, corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency of 13.2% with respect to the incident pump power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first blue laser at 454nm generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YLF.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.
  3. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8W output power at 473nm,” Opt. Lett. 28, 432–434 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. F. Lü, J. Xia, and X. H. Zhang, “Quasi-three-level Nd:LuVO4 laser under diode pumping directly into the emitting level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 120–123 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (1)

Y. F. Lü, J. Xia, and X. H. Zhang, “Quasi-three-level Nd:LuVO4 laser under diode pumping directly into the emitting level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 120–123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel and T. Taira, “Highly efficient continuous-wave 946nm Nd:YAG laser emission under direct 885nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2677–2679 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Aka, G.

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Baer, T.

Balembois, F.

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Herault, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Nd:GdVO4 as a three-level laser at 879nm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2731–2733 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Bu, Y. K.

Castaing, M.

Czeranowsky, C.

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8W output power at 473nm,” Opt. Lett. 28, 432–434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Georges, P.

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau, and G. Aka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899nm and below,” Opt. Lett. 32, 799–801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Herault, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Nd:GdVO4 as a three-level laser at 879nm,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2731–2733 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Herault, E.

Hérault, E.

Heumann, E.

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8W output power at 473nm,” Opt. Lett. 28, 432–434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8W output power at 473nm,” Opt. Lett. 28, 432–434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jia, F. Q.

Kutovoi, S.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Spiekermann and F. Laurell, “Continuous wave and Q-switched operation of diode pumped quasi-three level Nd:YLF lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MA10.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lü, Y. F.

Y. F. Lü, J. Xia, and X. H. Zhang, “Quasi-three-level Nd:LuVO4 laser under diode pumping directly into the emitting level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 120–123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel and T. Taira, “Highly efficient continuous-wave 946nm Nd:YAG laser emission under direct 885nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2677–2679 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maze, G.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel and T. Taira, “Highly efficient continuous-wave 946nm Nd:YAG laser emission under direct 885nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2677–2679 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. S.

Reino, E.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Riedel, P.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spiekermann,

Spiekermann and F. Laurell, “Continuous wave and Q-switched operation of diode pumped quasi-three level Nd:YLF lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MA10.

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel and T. Taira, “Highly efficient continuous-wave 946nm Nd:YAG laser emission under direct 885nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2677–2679 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Varona, C.

Vivien, D.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Xia, J.

Y. F. Lü, J. Xia, and X. H. Zhang, “Quasi-three-level Nd:LuVO4 laser under diode pumping directly into the emitting level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 120–123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Q. H.

Zavartsev, Y.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

Y. F. Lü, J. Xia, and X. H. Zhang, “Quasi-three-level Nd:LuVO4 laser under diode pumping directly into the emitting level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 120–123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Q.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Lupei, N. Pavel and T. Taira, “Highly efficient continuous-wave 946nm Nd:YAG laser emission under direct 885nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2677–2679 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, “Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 –1387 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. F. Lü, J. Xia, and X. H. Zhang, “Quasi-three-level Nd:LuVO4 laser under diode pumping directly into the emitting level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 120–123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840mW output power at 456nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, “ Laser emission of Nd:ASL at 900nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M.Fermann and L.Marshall, eds., Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC5.

Spiekermann and F. Laurell, “Continuous wave and Q-switched operation of diode pumped quasi-three level Nd:YLF lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper MA10.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic for the intracavity frequency-doubled 454 nm Nd : YLF / LBO blue laser. The distances of M 1 M 3 and M 3 M 4 were 74 and 45 mm , respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission curve of M 1 and M 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power at 454 nm versus incident pump power at 880 nm . Inset (a), Stability of the blue output power around the 4.33 W operation point. Inset (b), Noise of the blue laser.

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