Abstract

To confirm the actual effect of an exponential-doped structure on cathode performance, an exponential-doped structure was applied to the preparation of a transmission-mode GaAs photocathode, and spectral response curves after high-temperature activation, low-temperature activation, and the indium sealing process were separately measured by use of the on-line spectral response measurement system. The results show that, compared to the previously uniform-doped photocathode, the exponential-doped photocathode can obtain higher cathode performance and photoemission capability because of the built-in electric field. Nevertheless, cesium desorption and impurity of gas during the sealing process can cause the degeneration of spectral response in the entire response waveband, especially in the long-wavelength region, with the decrease in surface electron escape probability related to the adverse evolution of the surface potential barrier profile.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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