Abstract

We discuss the recent history and latest developments of the electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic technique, wherein electron temperature is measured in magnetically confined plasmas with two-dimensional spatial resolution. The key enabling technologies for this technique are the large-aperture optical systems and the linear detector arrays sensitive to millimeter-wavelength radiation. We present the status and recent progress on existing instruments as well as new systems under development for future experiments. We also discuss data analysis techniques relevant to plasma imaging diagnostics and present recent temperature fluctuation results from the tokamak experiment for technology oriented research (TEXTOR).

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  34. T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  46. H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  48. H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
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  51. H. K. Park and A. Bhattacharjee (University of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H. 03824) have submitted a manuscript called “Revisiting sawtooth oscillations in tokamak plasmas: experiment and theory,” to Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion .
  52. G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  53. I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

2008 (5)

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. J. LaHaye, “Neoclassical tearing modes and their control,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, “Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks”, Nucl. Fusion  41, 203–213(2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Connor, “Edge-localized modes: physics and theory,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  40, 531–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

See, for example, H. J. Hartfuss, T. Geist, and M. Hirsch, “Heterodyne methods in millimetre wave plasma diagnostics with applications to ECE, interferometry and reflectometry,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion  39, 1693–1769 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (4)

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato and R. Nazikian, “Effects of turbulent fluctuations on density measurements with microwave reflectometry in tokamaks”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 1237–1240 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Shimizu, H. Moritsu, Y. Yasuoka, and K. Gamo, “Fabrication of antenna-coupled microbolometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  34, 6352–6357 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

G. Cima, “Correlation properties of black-body radiation in the context of the electron cyclotron emission of a magnetized plasma,” Nuovo Cimento D  16, 359–364 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Sattler and H. J. Hartfuss, “Experimental evidence for electron temperature fluctuations in the core plasma of the W7-AS stellarator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  72, 653–656 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

G. M. Rebeiz, “Millimeter-wave and terahertz integrated-circuit antennas,” Proc. IEEE  80, 1748–1770 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. Janicki, R. Decoste, and C. Simm, “High resolution soft-x-ray tomography of sawtooth oscillations on the Tokamak de Varennes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  62, 3038–3041 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

C. Zah, D. Kasilingam, J. S. Smith, and D. Rutledge, “Millimeter wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  6, 981–997 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and W. A. Peebles, “Instrumentation for magnetically confined fusion plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  55, 279–331 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Neikirk, W. W. Lam, and D. B. Rutledge, “Far-infrared microbolometer detectors,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  5, 245–278 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

M. Bornatici, R. Cano, O. Debarbieri, and F. Engelmann, “Electron-cyclotron emission and absorption in fusion plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  23, 1153–1257 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

D. Rutledge and M. Muha, “Imaging antenna arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.  30, 535–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. von Goeler, W. Stodiek, and N. Sauthoff, “Studies of internal disruptions and m=1 oscillations in tokamak discharges with soft x-ray techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  33, 1201–1203(1974).
[CrossRef]

Austin, M. E.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cima, G.

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeBoo, J.  C.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decoste, R.

C. Janicki, R. Decoste, and C. Simm, “High resolution soft-x-ray tomography of sawtooth oscillations on the Tokamak de Varennes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  62, 3038–3041 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Domier, C.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Domier, C.  W.

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

Domier, C. W.

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Donné, A.  J. H.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Donné, A.  J. H.

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, E. J.

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gandy, R. F.

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, P.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Geist, T.

See, for example, H. J. Hartfuss, T. Geist, and M. Hirsch, “Heterodyne methods in millimetre wave plasma diagnostics with applications to ECE, interferometry and reflectometry,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion  39, 1693–1769 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Granetz, R.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Hartfuss, H.  J.

See, for example, H. J. Hartfuss, T. Geist, and M. Hirsch, “Heterodyne methods in millimetre wave plasma diagnostics with applications to ECE, interferometry and reflectometry,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion  39, 1693–1769 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hillesheim, J.  C.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillyer, T. R.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hirsch, M.

See, for example, H. J. Hartfuss, T. Geist, and M. Hirsch, “Heterodyne methods in millimetre wave plasma diagnostics with applications to ECE, interferometry and reflectometry,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion  39, 1693–1769 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Holland, C.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsia, R. P.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inutake, M.

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kasilingam, D.

C. Zah, D. Kasilingam, J. S. Smith, and D. Rutledge, “Millimeter wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  6, 981–997 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kawahata, K.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krogstad, R.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Y.

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.  J.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luhmann, N.  C.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Luhmann, N. C.

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mase, A.

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, H.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mazzucato, E.

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miura, A.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miyoshi, S.

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, K.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moritsu, H.

T. Shimizu, H. Moritsu, Y. Yasuoka, and K. Gamo, “Fabrication of antenna-coupled microbolometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  34, 6352–6357 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Munsat, T.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nagayama, Y.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Negishi, H.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noda, N.

Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ohashi, M.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oyama, N.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Peebles, W.  A.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Prater, R.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramsey, A.  T.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Sattler, S.

S. Sattler and H. J. Hartfuss, “Experimental evidence for electron temperature fluctuations in the core plasma of the W7-AS stellarator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  72, 653–656 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauthoff, N.

S. von Goeler, W. Stodiek, and N. Sauthoff, “Studies of internal disruptions and m=1 oscillations in tokamak discharges with soft x-ray techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  33, 1201–1203(1974).
[CrossRef]

Savage, R. L.

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, T.

T. Shimizu, H. Moritsu, Y. Yasuoka, and K. Gamo, “Fabrication of antenna-coupled microbolometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  34, 6352–6357 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, J.  S.

C. Zah, D. Kasilingam, J. S. Smith, and D. Rutledge, “Millimeter wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  6, 981–997 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stodiek, W.

S. von Goeler, W. Stodiek, and N. Sauthoff, “Studies of internal disruptions and m=1 oscillations in tokamak discharges with soft x-ray techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  33, 1201–1203(1974).
[CrossRef]

Tanahashi, S.

Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ting, J.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Tong, P.  P.

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Tynan, G.  R.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van de Pol, M.  J.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waltz, R. E.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Watabe, K.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Watts, C.

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Watts, C.

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z. G.

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, A.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yasuoka, Y.

T. Shimizu, H. Moritsu, Y. Yasuoka, and K. Gamo, “Fabrication of antenna-coupled microbolometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  34, 6352–6357 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharjee, A.

H. K. Park and A. Bhattacharjee (University of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H. 03824) have submitted a manuscript called “Revisiting sawtooth oscillations in tokamak plasmas: experiment and theory,” to Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion .

Bindslev, H.

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

Boom, J. E.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boom, J. E.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bornatici, M.

M. Bornatici, R. Cano, O. Debarbieri, and F. Engelmann, “Electron-cyclotron emission and absorption in fusion plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  23, 1153–1257 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bravenec, R. V.

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brower, D.  L.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brower, D. L.

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Budny, R.

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Burns, S. R.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burrell, K.  H.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burstein, P.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Candy, J.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cano, R.

M. Bornatici, R. Cano, O. Debarbieri, and F. Engelmann, “Electron-cyclotron emission and absorption in fusion plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  23, 1153–1257 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Carter, T. A.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, C. C.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, S.

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

Cima, G.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cima, G.

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Cima, “Correlation properties of black-body radiation in the context of the electron cyclotron emission of a magnetized plasma,” Nuovo Cimento D  16, 359–364 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Classen, I. G. J.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Classen, I. G. J.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Connor, J. W.

J. W. Connor, “Edge-localized modes: physics and theory,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  40, 531–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Debarbieri, O.

M. Bornatici, R. Cano, O. Debarbieri, and F. Engelmann, “Electron-cyclotron emission and absorption in fusion plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  23, 1153–1257 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Delabie, E.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deng, B. H.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Domier, C.  W.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Domier, C. W.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Domier, C. W.

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Liang, C. W. Domier, Z. Shen, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Quasi-optical notch filters for plasma imaging applications,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2008).

Donne, A. J. H.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donné, A. J. H.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Donné, A. J. H.

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, E.  J.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engelmann, F.

M. Bornatici, R. Cano, O. Debarbieri, and F. Engelmann, “Electron-cyclotron emission and absorption in fusion plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  23, 1153–1257 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gamo, K.

T. Shimizu, H. Moritsu, Y. Yasuoka, and K. Gamo, “Fabrication of antenna-coupled microbolometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  34, 6352–6357 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Geck, W. R.

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

Gerassimenko, M.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
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A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamilton, W.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
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S. Sattler and H. J. Hartfuss, “Experimental evidence for electron temperature fluctuations in the core plasma of the W7-AS stellarator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  72, 653–656 (1994).
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K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
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Hogeweij, G. M. D.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
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Howard, J.

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hsia, R. P.

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, I. H.

I. H. Hutchinson, Principles of Plasma Diagnostics, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Inagaki, S.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itakura, A.

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jakubowski, M. W.

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
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Janicki, C.

C. Janicki, R. Decoste, and C. Simm, “High resolution soft-x-ray tomography of sawtooth oscillations on the Tokamak de Varennes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  62, 3038–3041 (1989).
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Jaspers, R.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaspers, R. J. E.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaspers, R.

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M.

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kantor, M. Yu.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawahata, K.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
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A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
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Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
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Kogi, Y.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kong, X.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kramer-Flecken, A.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuwahara, D.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
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Kwon, M.

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Lee, W.

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

Levinton, F. M.

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
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H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
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Liang, T.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, X.  P.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Y.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liang, T.

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liang, C. W. Domier, Z. Shen, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Quasi-optical notch filters for plasma imaging applications,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2008).

Luhmann, N.  C.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Luhmann, N. C.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Luhmann, N. C.

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and W. A. Peebles, “Instrumentation for magnetically confined fusion plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  55, 279–331 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. Liang, C. W. Domier, Z. Shen, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Quasi-optical notch filters for plasma imaging applications,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2008).

Luhmann, , N. C.

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Makowski, M. A.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manickam, J.

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mase, A.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mase, A.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, H.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, H.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mazzucato, E.

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazzucato, E.

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, “Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks”, Nucl. Fusion  41, 203–213(2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato and R. Nazikian, “Effects of turbulent fluctuations on density measurements with microwave reflectometry in tokamaks”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 1237–1240 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McKee, G. R.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miura, A.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, K.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, K.

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Muha, M.

D. Rutledge and M. Muha, “Imaging antenna arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.  30, 535–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Muha, M. S.

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Munsat, T.

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Munsat, T.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nagayama, Y.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nagayama, Y.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nazikian, R.

E. Mazzucato and R. Nazikian, “Effects of turbulent fluctuations on density measurements with microwave reflectometry in tokamaks”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 1237–1240 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Negishi, H.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neikirk, D. P.

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Neikirk, D. P.

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Neikirk, W. W. Lam, and D. B. Rutledge, “Far-infrared microbolometer detectors,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  5, 245–278 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Oosterbeek, J. W.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oyama, N.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oyevaar, T.

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. K.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. K.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park and A. Bhattacharjee (University of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H. 03824) have submitted a manuscript called “Revisiting sawtooth oscillations in tokamak plasmas: experiment and theory,” to Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion .

Pavlichenko, R.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peebles, W. A.

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and W. A. Peebles, “Instrumentation for magnetically confined fusion plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  55, 279–331 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Petrasso, R.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Pomphrey, N.

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rebeiz, G. M.

G. M. Rebeiz, “Millimeter-wave and terahertz integrated-circuit antennas,” Proc. IEEE  80, 1748–1770 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reibeiz, G.

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rempel, T. D.

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, T. L.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rutledge, D. B.

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Neikirk, W. W. Lam, and D. B. Rutledge, “Far-infrared microbolometer detectors,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  5, 245–278 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rutledge, D.

C. Zah, D. Kasilingam, J. S. Smith, and D. Rutledge, “Millimeter wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  6, 981–997 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Rutledge and M. Muha, “Imaging antenna arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.  30, 535–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rutledge, D. B.

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, J.

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

Schmitz, O.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, L.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuller, F. C.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seguin, F.  H.

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

Shafer, M.  W.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Z.

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Z.

T. Liang, C. W. Domier, Z. Shen, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Quasi-optical notch filters for plasma imaging applications,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2008).

Shi, Z. B.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simm, C.

C. Janicki, R. Decoste, and C. Simm, “High resolution soft-x-ray tomography of sawtooth oscillations on the Tokamak de Varennes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  62, 3038–3041 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spakman, G. W.

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spakman, G. W.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spear, A.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staebler, G. M.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamano, T.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, G.

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

Tobias, B.

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, P. P.

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, K.

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van de Pol, M.

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

van de Pol, M. J.

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van de Pol, M.

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

van de Pol, M. J.

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

von Goeler, S.

S. von Goeler, W. Stodiek, and N. Sauthoff, “Studies of internal disruptions and m=1 oscillations in tokamak discharges with soft x-ray techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  33, 1201–1203(1974).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watabe, K.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Westerhof, E.

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, A. E.

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wootton, A.  J.

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.  G.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z. G.

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yatsu, K.

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshinaga, T.

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, P. E.

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yun, G. S.

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

Zah, C.

C. Zah, D. Kasilingam, J. S. Smith, and D. Rutledge, “Millimeter wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  6, 981–997 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. K.

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. M.

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, M. S. Muha, H. Park, and C. X. Yu, “Far-infrared imaging antenna arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.  40, 203–205 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

T. Liang, B. Tobias, C. W. Domier, X. Kong, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., W. Lee, G. S. Yun, and H. K. Park, “Electron cyclotron imaging on KSTAR,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc.  54, GP8.00040 (2009).

Fusion Eng. Des. (2)

B. H. Deng, S. R. Burns, C. W. Domier, T. R. Hillyer, R. P. Hsia, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., D. L. Brower, G. Cima, A. J. H. Donné, T. Oyevaar, and the RTP team, “ECE imaging of plasma Te profiles and fluctuations,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 77–85 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, A. Miura, T. Tamano, and K. Yatsu, “ECE-imaging work on GAMMA 10 and LHD,” Fusion Eng. Des.  53, 87–95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Sci. Technol. (1)

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Bindslev, H. Park, J. Sanchez, G. Taylor, and C. X. Yu, “Microwave diagnostics,” Fusion Sci. Technol.  53, 335–396 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

D. Rutledge and M. Muha, “Imaging antenna arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.  30, 535–540 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

P. P. Tong, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. E. Young, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Imaging polarimeter arrays for near-millimeter waves,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.  32, 507–512 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves (2)

D. P. Neikirk, W. W. Lam, and D. B. Rutledge, “Far-infrared microbolometer detectors,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  5, 245–278 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. Zah, D. Kasilingam, J. S. Smith, and D. Rutledge, “Millimeter wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves  6, 981–997 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

K. Hattori, A. Mase, K. Mizuno, A. Itakura, M. Inutake, and S. Miyoshi, “Application of millimeter-wave phase-imaging interferometry to the tandem mirror GAMMA 10,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  27, 1361–1362 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Shimizu, H. Moritsu, Y. Yasuoka, and K. Gamo, “Fabrication of antenna-coupled microbolometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  34, 6352–6357 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nagayama, S. Tsuji, K. Kawahata, N. Noda, and S. Tanahashi, “Soft x-ray tomography of the m=2 magnetic island structure in the JIPP T-II Tokamak,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  20, L779–L782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion (4)

M. Bornatici, R. Cano, O. Debarbieri, and F. Engelmann, “Electron-cyclotron emission and absorption in fusion plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  23, 1153–1257 (1983).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato, “Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks”, Nucl. Fusion  41, 203–213(2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, H. K. Park, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Localization of the magnetic reconnection zone during sawtooth crashes in tokamak plasmas,” Nucl. Fusion  47, L31–L35 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Spakman, G. M. D. Hogeweij, R. J. E. Jaspers, F. C. Schuller, E. Westerhof, J. E. Boom, I. G. J. Classen, E. Delabie, C. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, M. Yu. Kantor, A. Kramer-Flecken, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, O. Schmitz, J. W. Oosterbeek, and the TEXTOR team, “Heat pulse propagation studies around magnetic islands induced by the Dynamic Ergodic Divertor in TEXTOR,” Nucl. Fusion  48, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nuovo Cimento D (1)

G. Cima, “Correlation properties of black-body radiation in the context of the electron cyclotron emission of a magnetized plasma,” Nuovo Cimento D  16, 359–364 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (6)

E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Fluctuation measurements in tokamaks with microwave imaging reflectometry,” Phys. Plasmas  9, 1955–1961 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Deng, D. L. Brower, G. Cima, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and C. Watts, “Mode structure of turbulent electron temperature fluctuations in the Texas experimental tokamak upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  5, 4117–4120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cima, R. V. Bravenec, A. J. Wootton, T. D. Rempel, R. F. Gandy, C. Watts, and M. Kwon, “Core temperature fluctuations and related heat transport in the Texas Experimental Tokamak-Upgrade,” Phys. Plasmas  2, 720–726 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, F. M. Levinton, N. Pomphrey, R. Budny, J. Manickam, and Y. Nagayama, “Investigation of magnetic reconnection during a sawtooth crash in a high-temperature tokamak plasma,” Phys. Plasmas  1, 3269–3276 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. LaHaye, “Neoclassical tearing modes and their control,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., C. W. Domier, Z. Xia, T. Munsat, A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, and the TEXTOR team, “Self-organized Te redistribution during driven reconnection processes in high temperature plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas  13, 055907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

H. K. Park, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Observation of high-field-side crash and heat transfer during sawtooth oscillation in magnetically confined plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. G. J. Classen, E. Westerhof, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donne, R. J. E. Jaspers, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, M. J. van de Pol, G. W. Spakman, M. W. Jakubowski, and the TEXTOR team, “Effect of heating on the suppression of tearing modes in tokamaks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  98, 035001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, A. J. H. Donné, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, C. W. Domier, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, M. J. van de Pol, Z. Xia, and the TEXTOR team, “Comparison study of 2D images of temperature fluctuations during sawtooth oscillation with theoretical models,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  96, 195004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Janicki, R. Decoste, and C. Simm, “High resolution soft-x-ray tomography of sawtooth oscillations on the Tokamak de Varennes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  62, 3038–3041 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. von Goeler, W. Stodiek, and N. Sauthoff, “Studies of internal disruptions and m=1 oscillations in tokamak discharges with soft x-ray techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  33, 1201–1203(1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Sattler and H. J. Hartfuss, “Experimental evidence for electron temperature fluctuations in the core plasma of the W7-AS stellarator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  72, 653–656 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasma Fusion Res. (1)

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, R. Pavlichenko, S. Inagaki, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Microwave imaging reflectometry in LHD,” Plasma Fusion Res.  2, S1038 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion (3)

J. W. Connor, “Edge-localized modes: physics and theory,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  40, 531–542 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Park and A. Bhattacharjee (University of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H. 03824) have submitted a manuscript called “Revisiting sawtooth oscillations in tokamak plasmas: experiment and theory,” to Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion .

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Laboratory characterization of an imaging reflectometer system,” Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion  45, 469–487 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion (1)

See, for example, H. J. Hartfuss, T. Geist, and M. Hirsch, “Heterodyne methods in millimetre wave plasma diagnostics with applications to ECE, interferometry and reflectometry,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion  39, 1693–1769 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. M. Rebeiz, “Millimeter-wave and terahertz integrated-circuit antennas,” Proc. IEEE  80, 1748–1770 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (16)

R. P. Hsia, W. R. Geck, S. Cheng, W. M. Zhang, C. W. Domier, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “ECE imaging array diagnostic development for TEXT-U,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 834–836(1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. Mazzucato, T. Munsat, C. W. Domier, M. Johnson, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. Xia, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and M. J. van de Pol, “Simultaneous microwave imaging system for density and temperature fluctuation measurements on TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3787–3792 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, A. J. H. Donné, and M. van de Pol, “Microwave imaging reflectometer for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 1426–1432 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Mase, M. Ohashi, A. Yamamoto, H. Negishi, N. Oyama, Y. Nagayama, K. Kawahata, K. Watabe, K. Mizuno, H. Matsuura, K. Uchida, and A. Miura, “Application of millimeter-wave imaging system to LHD,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  72, 375–378 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Mazzucato and R. Nazikian, “Effects of turbulent fluctuations on density measurements with microwave reflectometry in tokamaks”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  66, 1237–1240 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, Y. Liang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, T. Munsat, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, and A. J. H. Donné, “Two-dimensional electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic for TEXTOR,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  75, 3875–3877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, C. C. Chang, B. H. Deng, C. W. Domier, A. J. H. Donné, K. Kawahata, C. Liang, X. P. Liang, H. J. Lu, N. C. Luhmann, A. Mase, H. Matsuura, E. Mazzucato, A. Miura, K. Mizuno, T. Munsat, Y. Nagayama, M. J. van de Pol, J. Wang, Z. G. Xia, and W. K. Zhang, “Recent advancements in microwave imaging plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  74, 4239–4262 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Petrasso, M. Gerassimenko, F. H. Seguin, J. Ting, R. Krogstad, P. Gauthier, W. Hamilton, A. T. Ramsey, P. Burstein, and R. Granetz, “Soft x-ray imaging instrument for the Alcator A tokamak,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  51, 585–590(1980).
[CrossRef]

A. E. White, L. Schmitz, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, T. L. Rhodes, E. J. Doyle, P. A. Gourdain, J. C. Hillesheim, G. Wang, C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, M. W. Shafer, K. H. Burrell, J. Candy, J. C. DeBoo, R. Prater, G. M. Staebler, R. E. Waltz, and M. A. Makowski, “A correlation electron cyclotron emission diagnostic and the importance of multifield fluctuation measurements for testing nonlinear gyrokinetic turbulence simulations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 103505 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Luhmann, Jr., and W. A. Peebles, “Instrumentation for magnetically confined fusion plasma diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  55, 279–331 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Young, D. P. Neikirk, D. B. Rutledge, P. P. Tong, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Multichannel far-infrared phase imaging for fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  56, 81–89 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Howard, E. J. Doyle, G. Reibeiz, R. L. Savage, W. A. Peebles, and N. C. Luhmann, “Density profile reconstructions from 2-D interferometric data on microtor using novel tomographic analysis techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  59, 2135–2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamaguchi, Y. Nagayama, D. Kuwahara, T. Yoshinaga, Z. B. Shi, Y. Kogi, and A. Mase, “Development of microwave imaging reflectometry in large helical device,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F111 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Tobias, X. Kong, T. Liang, A. Spear, C. W. Domier, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., I. G. J. Classen, J. E. Boom, M. J. van de Pol, R. Jaspers, A. J. H. Donné, H. K. Park, and T. Munsat, “Advancements in electron cyclotron emission imaging demonstrated by the TEXTOR ECEI diagnostic upgrade,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  80, 093502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhang, C. W. Domier, T. Liang, X. Kong, B. Tobias, Z. Shen, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. Park, I. G. J. Classen, M. J. van de Pol, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “The next generation of electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  79, 10F103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Domier, Z. G. Xia, P. Zhang, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. K. Park, E. Mazzucato, M. J. van de Pol, I. G. J. Classen, A. J. H. Donné, and R. Jaspers, “Upgrades to the TEXTOR electron cyclotron emission imaging diagnostic,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.  77, 10E924 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. Liang, C. W. Domier, Z. Shen, and N. C. Luhmann, Jr., “Quasi-optical notch filters for plasma imaging applications,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IEEE, 2008).

I. H. Hutchinson, Principles of Plasma Diagnostics, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the physical layout of (a)  ECE and (b)  ECEI systems. The essential differences indicated are the imaging optical set and the linear array of detector and mixers that are quasi-optically illuminated by a single LO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagram of a typical heterodyne ECE power receiver system. Shown are the collecting antenna, the LO/mixer, the IF amplifier, the IF bandpass filter, the IF power detector, the low- frequency video amplifier, the video low-pass filter, and the analog-to-digital converter. A power divider followed by multiple LOs and filter and amplifier chains enable multipoint measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Layout of the DIII-D ECEI system, indicating the plasma-facing port interface, the zoom-optical stage, the beam splitter and dual array modules, and the LO coupling optics. The zoom-optics lenses are 70 cm × 20 cm clear aperture.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Schematic diagram of the improved coupling design using separate antenna arrays for odd and even channels. ECE and LO power are coupled to both arrays evenly with the use of a 3 dB beam splitter. The assembled detector array enclosure is shown in [(b), front] and [(c), rear]. A 6 in. ruler is included in (b) for scale reference.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Layout of the KSTAR ECEI system, indicating the integration of the first lenses into the cassette module, the static zoom lenses, and the splitting optics preceding the dual detector array modules. The movable zoom lens is 70 cm × 19 cm clear aperture.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Image sequence of the localized ejected heat pulse during a sawtooth crash. The seven-frame sequence covers 0.42 ms .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Two-dimensional map of the two-point correlation map in the 5 10 kHz range between the left-center reference channel and all the others. The two contour plots correspond to (a) a 1 ms time window immediately preceding the crash and (b) a 1 ms time window immediately following the crash (b), as indicated in (c) the waveform.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Autobicoherence of the ECEI channel at the midplane sawtooth crash location, calculated for various time windows with respect to the crash time: (a)  ± 1 ms around the crash time; (b)  2 ms window midway between crashes; (c)–(f) sequential 0.5 ms windows, starting 1 ms before the crash, as indicated in (g) the waveform.

Equations (2)

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γ X Y 2 ( f ) = | G X Y ( f ) | 2 G X X ( f ) · G X Y ( f ) ,
b ( f 1 , f 2 ) 2 = | B | 2 | X · Y | 2 | Z | 2 ,

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